Santa Rosa, Argentina
Santa Rosa, Argentina

The National University of La Pampa is an Argentine national university, situated in the city of Santa Rosa, capital of La Pampa Province. Wikipedia.

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Divan M.J.,National University of La Pampa
2016 5th International Conference on Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization, ICRITO 2016: Trends and Future Directions | Year: 2016

In this invited talk, a processing architecture specialized in the measurement and evaluation will be shown. One key aspect associated with the measurement process is that the measures must be consistent and comparable in any moment for making decisions properly. In this way, the processing architecture is based on the C-INCAMI framework (Context-Information Need, Concept model, Attribute, Metric and Indicator) to define the measurement projects. Thus, the data stream processing and monitoring can be guided by metadata. Additionally, the proposal architecture uses a big data repository to make available the data for consumption and to manage an organizational memory, which allows a feedback mechanism in relation with online processing. Next, the formal processes associated to the processing architecture was documented in SPEM version 2 and will be introduced. From this internal point of view, the relation between the Measurement and Evaluation (M&E) framework, the data stream processing, the big data repository and the organizational memory will be shown jointly with the future works. Finally, the case associated with the weather radar of the Experimental Agricultural Station (EAS) INTA Anguil (La Pampa State, Argentina) will be presented jointly with its technological approach. © 2016 IEEE.

Sterli J.,CONICET | de la Fuente M.S.,CONICET | Umazano A.M.,National University of La Pampa
Gondwana Research | Year: 2015

New cranial and postcranial remains of the Gondwanan meiolaniform turtle Chubutemys copelloi Gaffney, Rich, Vickers-Rich, Constantine, Vacca and Kool 2007 from the Lower Cretaceous Puesto La Paloma Member of the Cerro Barcino Formation (Chubut province, Patagonia, Argentina) are presented, described, and compared in this contribution. Carapace and plastral remains, pectoral and pelvic girdle, cervical and thoracic vertebrae, and the left maxilla and jugal are the new recovered elements from C. copelloi. These new remains were found in 2008 in Turtle Town locality, the same site where the holotype and referred specimens of C. copelloi had been found in 1997. The facies analysis of the sedimentary succession in Turtle Town and surrounding areas suggests a paleoenvironment constituted by a broad alluvial plain with influx of volcanic ash-falls, whose deposits were disturbed by pedogenesis or reworked by current flows that supplied water and sediment in ponded areas. The presence of a very thin shell, broad vertebrals (broader than pleurals), the presence of a shallow nuchal notch with the vertebral 1 almost reaching the anterior border of the carapace, the presence of costo-peripheral fontanelles, and the presence of an ectepicondylar canal in the humerus, are the most notable features provided by the new remains. A cladistic analysis has been performed to test the phylogenetic position of C. copelloi. This phylogeny corroborates the basal position of C. copelloi among Meiolaniformes. The plausible phylogenetic relationships of the clade Meiolaniidae with other Gondwanan (e.g., Otwayemys cunicularius Gaffney, Kool, Brinkman, Rich, and Vickers-Rich 1998) or Laurasian Lower Cretaceous taxa (e.g., sinochelyids) are also discussed in this contribution. Taxa included in Meiolaniformes have been mainly found in Gondwana and as the most basal taxon was found in Patagonia, paleobiogeographic studies suggest this clade originated in South America. Due to the basal position of C. copelloi among Meiolaniformes the discovery of more and previously unknown remains of this species sheds light on the origin and early evolution of this curious clade. © 2013 International Association for Gondwana Research.

Larrieu E.,National University of La Pampa | Zanini F.,Programa de Control de la Hidatidosis
Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2012

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is one of the most prevalent zoonoses in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, and Uruguay. Control programs in South America were originally modeled after programs developed in insular territories, such as Tasmania and New Zealand. The advent and proven effectiveness of praziquantel, plus the experience of insular models, produced high expectations for rapid advances; however, after 30 years of praziquantel use, no endemic area in South America has obtained eradication. In fact, only modest gains in CE control have been made and impact on prevalence among humans has been slight. A major impediment has been the infrastructure needed to administer praziquantel to dogs in rural areas 8 times per year over numerous years, a requirement for rapid attack stage 1. Such an infrastructure has not been financially or politically sustainable in endemic areas, which tend to be the poorest. On the other hand, certain areas in Argentina have had success with simple and economically viable alternatives. Based primarily on continuous field work supported by the local community, these strategies have significantly decreased transmission to humans, the health sector's main objective. In addition, new possibilities and tools, such as the EG95 vaccine, are being evaluated; as are early detection and treatment of asymptomatic carriers.

Tomassini R.L.,CONICET | Montalvo C.I.,National University of La Pampa
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology | Year: 2013

The sedimentary deposits of the Monte Hermoso Formation, outcropping at its type locality (Farola Monte Hermoso, Buenos Aires province, Argentina), accumulated through fluvial processes acting on highly sinuous rivers. The Monte Hermoso Formation comprises a rich vertebrate fauna corresponding to the Montehermosan Stage/Age (early Pliocene), which includes numerous and diverse vertebrate remains. Comparative taphonomic analysis indicated that the faunal assemblages coming from two different fossiliferous levels, FL 1 and FL 2, recognized in floodplain deposits and channel deposits respectively, are composed of remains affected by diverse taphonomic processes and therefore representing distinct taphonomic histories. The variations recorded between both fossiliferous levels, with respect to their taphonomic attributes and sedimentary context, allowed the recognition of two distinct taphonomic modes: floodplain in the FL 1 and channel-lag in the FL 2. These taphonomic modes represent different conditions within the range of taphonomic histories for the Monte Hermoso Formation assemblage formed by attritional accumulation of remains. At the moment, continental systems linked to fluvial environments have been poorly analyzed for the South American Neogene; this study contributes new information on taphonomic and paleoenvironmental characteristics of this type of deposit. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Melchor R.N.,National University of La Pampa
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology | Year: 2015

This is a review of the main uses of vertebrate trace fossils, ichnofabrics and ichnofacies in the palaeoenvironmental analysis of sedimentary sequences. The article accounts for the significant developments produced in the last three decades, including the application of the ichnofacies concept to vertebrate trace fossils. Recognition of footprints in cross-sectional view and their distinction from inorganic structures and burrow fills, is first discussed. The response of different substrates, showing contrasting water content and imprinted by different animals or devices, is compared in terms of the morphology of the resultant footprint. Trackways with sand crescents are typical of aeolian cross-strata and are absent in associated flat-lying to low-angle deposits. Thick packages of highly bioturbated sandy dune and interdune sediments have been interpreted as reflecting periods of increased rainfall. Neoichnological observations in modern lake basins suggest that distinct zones can be recognized in the margins of fossil ponds and lakes, including onshore, shoreline and shallow subaqueous zones. Abundant flamingo-like footprints and flamingo nest mounds are good indicators of alkaline and/or saline lake waters. Hippopotamus trails are found closely associated with modern and fossil freshwater wetlands. Dinosaur and pterosaur swim traces from lacustrine and fluvial deposits can be used to estimate water depth. Turtle, crocodile, amphibian, hippopotamus and fish swim traces allow one to infer a subaqueous substrate. Certain modern intertidal fish feeding traces are oriented with the predominant tidal current and can be used as palaeocurrent indicators. The preferential orientation of tetrapod trackways in lacustrine and fluvial deposits is analyzed. Vertebrate trace fossils can help to infer discharge variability in fluvial channels. The descriptions of vertebrate ichnofabrics are commonly limited to heavily bioturbated beds due to trampling by vertebrates, and to a few examples of ichnofabrics with discrete trace fossils. The nature and implications of the recognized vertebrate ichnofacies are still being debated and have a limited utility in palaeoenvironmental analysis. The distinction of a potential vertebrate burrow ichnofacies in carbonate-bearing palaeosols is proposed to represent well-drained soils, developed under arid or semiarid climate. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Kleingrass (Panicum coloratum L. var. coloratum) is a perennial warm-season grass that begins its growing season later in the spring than does weeping lovegrass (Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees), which suggests that combining weeping lovegrass with kleingrass in a grazing sequence could increase livestock production. The objectives of this study were to determine the seasonal and inter-annual variation of the patterns of the accumulation of dry matter (DM) and the percentage of crude protein (CP) in P. coloratum, cv. Verde, in the semiarid Pampean region of Argentina. This study was performed during four growing seasons in a 3.0 ha pasture of kleingrass that was sown in the spring of 1996. The forage samples were gathered at biweekly intervals and were separated into leaf blade, stems (including sheaths and inflorescence) and senescent material. Finally, patterns of dry matter accumulation and the percentage of crude protein were evaluated in relationship to the thermal time accumulated from early October to late February. In comparison with the other growing seasons evaluated, the third growing season had less (P ≤ 0.01) accumulation of dry matter and a higher (P ≤ 0.01) proportion of green leaf blade and CP. Dry matter accumulation increased with increases in the thermal time. The CP percentage of the total biomass and of the plant parts declined as thermal time increased, and this coincided with a reduction in the proportion of green leaves and the CP percentage in each plant part. Management decisions depend on an accurate assessment of the change in sward structure and nutritive value during the growing season. The results of this study will allow selection of the appropriate grazing time and the management of sequential grazing of warm-season grasses.

Muino W.A.,National University of La Pampa
Ethnobotany Research and Applications | Year: 2010

This paper is an ethnobotanical study of cattle farming in the western Pampa region of Argentina, an arid region with very scarce rainfall and a population consisting mainly of Criollo farmers. A total of 68 rural settlers were interviewed, providing information on 69 specific and infraspecific taxa. Plants were classified into the following categories according to use: forage, toxic species or species with adverse effects on animals, use in rural constructions, tools, and those with veterinary applications. Data include native, naturalized and cultivated species. They revealed a diverse group of forage plants, according to the type of livestock, and very few toxic plants. Veterinary applications were related to first aid cases. In rural construction, plants were mostly used for fencing paddocks and corrals. The results of this study show the acute level of perception and detailed knowledge of the plant environment held by this farming community in relation to their main economic activity.

Remains referred to Phorusrhacidae from the Cretaceous and Paleogene of the Antarctic Peninsula, and mainly known through informal and succinct descriptions, are reassigned here to other bird lineages recorded in the Antarctic continent. New records of ratites, pelagornithid birds, and penguins are added to the Upper Eocene avifauna of Seymour Island. Moreover, the original allocation for an alleged cursorial seriema-like bird from the Maastrichtian of Vega Island is refuted, and its affinities with foot-propelled diving birds are indicated. The indeterminate Pelagornithidae specimen represents the largest pseudo-toothed bird known so far. It is concluded that there is no empirical evidence for the presence of terror birds in Antarctica.

This paper studies the smallpox vaccination in Argentina since 1870, when these discussions were inittiaded until the 1910s, when they were extended to the rest of the country. We analyze immunization practices implemented prior to the compulsory vaccination law, passed in 1886 for the Capital and in 1904 for the rest of the country. Such a move found resistance from different sectors. Its approval depended on the consequences of modernization and urbanization, the weight of hygienists in the political arena, and its extension depended on a different administrative conception, incorporating new areas and sectors to the national scenario.

Mehl A.E.,National University of La Pampa | Zarate M.A.,National University of La Pampa
Journal of South American Earth Sciences | Year: 2012

The main goal of this paper is to analyze the late Quaternary alluvial record of the Andean piedmont between 33° and 34°S (Mendoza, Argentina) reconstructing the prevailing paleoenvironmental conditions and discussing their regional significance. The analysis was carried out along the outcrops of Arroyo La Estacada and its tributary Arroyo Anchayuyo, complementary sections were described at Arroyo Grande and Arroyo Yaucha. The sedimentological, stratigraphical and geochronological (radiocarbon and OSL dating) results as well as the paleoenvironmental interpretation are presented and discussed on the basis of the geomorphological units identified at the piedmont fluvial systems. Late Quaternary deposits of Arroyo La Estacada compose three main geomorphological units consisting of an extensive aggradational plain, a fill terrace and the present floodplain -which is not analyzed in this contribution- At the aggradational plain a distal alluvial fan lithofacial association was determined, mainly related to overbank sheet fluid overflows and probably temporary inactive channels of sandy-like braided streams between ∼50 ka BP and the early Holocene. The mid-late Holocene fining upward alluvial sequence of the fill terrace corresponds to a sinuous fluvial system lithofacial association. The mid-to late Holocene alluvial sequence exposed at Arroyo Grande banks shows a fining upward sequence probably related to a sinuous fluvial system lithofacial association. Finally, in the Arroyo Yaucha the upper and lower terraces analyzed in this study record a Late Glacial and Holocene fining upward alluvial sequence of a sinuous fluvial system lithofacial association. The late Pleistocene - early Holocene dynamic of the Andean piedmont documents an interval of alluvial aggradation characterized by the occurrence of sandy systems similar to braided rivers in the distal fan environments. The mid-late Holocene is marked by aggradation in sinuous fluvial systems and by two major episodes of degradation registered across the fluvial systems of the study area. This paleoenvironmental reconstruction allowed us to propose an evolutionary scheme and chronology of the major fluvial landscape landforms contributing to the general understanding of the sedimentological and geomorphological dynamic during the late Quaternary. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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