National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
Kiev, Ukraine

National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy , Natsional'nyi universytet "Kyyevo-Mohylians'ka akademiya") is a national, coeducational research university located in Kiev, Ukraine. The Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, the school's predecessor, was established in 1632. The NaUKMA is located on the Academy's grounds in the ancient Podil neighborhood. In 1991, it was re-organized, and teaching began the following year. NaUKMA has the highest level of accreditation as outlined by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, and is one of the thirteen educational institutions in Ukraine having a status of a research and autonomous university. NaUKMA takes part in numerous international university collaborations, such as the European University Association. The university is bilingual in Ukrainian and English. It is one of Ukraine’s few universities with internationally recognized diplomas.With around 3000 students, NaUKMA is one of the smallest universities in Ukraine. Alumni of the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy played a formative role in the intellectual and church life of Ukraine and Russia in 17th and 18th centuries. Among the most notable alumni were hetman Ivan Mazepa and philosopher Hryhori Skovoroda. The university is known as pro-Western and served as headquarters for Orange Revolution activists. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INT-05-2015 | Award Amount: 2.50M | Year: 2016

The EUNPACK project unpacks EU crisis response mechanisms, with the aim to increase their conflict sensitivity and efficiency. By combining bottomup perspectives with an institutional approach, EUNPACK will increase our understanding of how EU crisis responses function and are received on the ground in crisis areas. This entails exploring local agencies and perceptions in target countries without losing sight of the EUs institutions and their expectations and ambitions. It also entails examining the whole cycle of crisis, from pre-crisis, through crisis, and into post-crisis phase. EUNPACK analyses two gaps in EU crisis response. First, the intentionsimplementation gap, which relates to 1) the capacity to make decisions and respond with one voice and to deploy the necessary resources, 2) how these responses are implemented on the ground by various EU institutions and member states, and 3) how other actors local and international enhance or undermine the EUs activities. Second, the project addresses the gap between the implementation of EU policies and approaches, and how these policies and approaches are received and perceived in target countries, what we refer to as the implementationlocal reception/perceptions gap. Our main hypothesis is that the severity of the two gaps is a decisive factor for the EUs impacts on crisis management and thereby its ability to contribute more effectively to problem-solving on the ground. We analyse these gaps through cases that reflect the variation of EU crisis responses in three concentric areas surrounding the EU: the enlargement area (Kosovo, Serbia), the neighbourhood area (Ukraine, Libya), and the extended neighbourhood (Mali, Iraq, Afghanistan). The results of our research will enable us to present policy recommendations fine-tuned to making the EUs crisis response mechanisms more conflict and context sensitive, and thereby more efficient and sustainable.

Gabovich A.M.,Institute of Physics | Kuznetsov V.I.,National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
European Journal of Physics | Year: 2013

The history and use of the acronym 'BCS' (named after Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer) in the science of superconductivity is traced and analysed. It is shown that a number of different theories are labelled 'BCS'. The confusion in the application of the term 'BCS' is shown to be common because the term 'theory' itself is not precisely defined in physics. Recommendations are given to physics readers and students on how to distinguish between various theories referred to as 'BCS'. Contributions from scientists in different laboratories to the creation and formation of the superconductivity theory are indicated. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Andreeva T.I.,National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy | Krasovsky K.S.,Ukrainian Institute of Strategic Research
International Journal of Public Health | Year: 2011

Objectives: After years of prevalence of smoking increase, Ukraine observes its decline. Recent tobacco control measures included smoke-free policies, new textual health warnings (THW) since late 2006, ban of outdoor tobacco advertising since January 2009 and tobacco tax increase since late 2008. The objective was to estimate potential contribution of THW to smoking decline process in Ukraine. Methods: The study is based on a nationwide omnibus survey of 2008 Ukrainian adults (18+). Outcome measures: quitting smoking after 2006 and perception of tobacco-related hazards. To measure the exposure to THW respondents were asked to describe the warnings they recall. Multivariate regression analysis was performed in SPSS 15.0. Results:Those who considered health hazard of smoking as serious were significantly more likely to quit. Male smokers were more likely to perceive health hazard if they recalled health warnings 'Smoking is addictive, do not start to smoke!' and 'Smokers die early'. Conclusions: THW reach those groups of the population they are aimed to and may potentially result in consequent quitting smoking in male smokers. © Swiss School of Public Health 2010.

Boyarsky A.,Leiden University | Ruchayskiy O.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | Iakubovskyi D.,NASU Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics | Iakubovskyi D.,National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy | Franse J.,Leiden University
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2014

We report a weak line at 3.52±0.02keV in x-ray spectra of the Andromeda galaxy and the Perseus galaxy cluster observed by the metal-oxide-silicon (MOS) and p-n (PN) CCD cameras of the XMM-Newton telescope. This line is not known as an atomic line in the spectra of galaxies or clusters. It becomes stronger towards the centers of the objects; is stronger for Perseus than for M31; is absent in the spectrum of a deep "blank sky" data set. Although for each object it is hard to exclude that the feature is due to an instrumental effect or an atomic line, it is consistent with the behavior of a dark matter decay line. Future (non-)detections of this line in multiple objects may help to reveal its nature. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Cherniha R.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences | Cherniha R.,National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical | Year: 2010

New definitions of Q-conditional symmetry for systems of PDEs are presented, which generalize the standard notation of non-classical (conditional) symmetry. It is shown that different types of Q-conditional symmetry of a system generate a hierarchy of conditional symmetry operators. A class of twocomponent nonlinear reaction-diffusion systems is examined to demonstrate the applicability of the definitions proposed and it is shown when different definitions of Q-conditional symmetry lead to the same operators. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Larger L.,University of Franche Comte | Penkovsky B.,University of Franche Comte | Penkovsky B.,National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy | Maistrenko Y.,University of Franche Comte | Maistrenko Y.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013

Time-delayed systems are found to display remarkable temporal patterns the dynamics of which split into regular and chaotic components repeating at the interval of a delay. This novel long-term behavior for delay dynamics results from strongly asymmetric nonlinear delayed feedback driving a highly damped harmonic oscillator dynamics. In the corresponding virtual space-time representation, the behavior is found to develop as a chimeralike state, a new paradigmatic object from the network theory characterized by the coexistence of synchronous and incoherent oscillations. Numerous virtual chimera states are obtained and analyzed, through experiment, theory, and simulations. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Mikhalevich V.M.,National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
Cybernetics and Systems Analysis | Year: 2011

A decision-making system consisting of a decision maker and a situation of decision making is considered. A parametric decision problem with financial incomes on which preferences obey a natural numerical order is investigated. A decision preference criterion that is the maximum of expected losses among distributions that constitute a statistical law describing the random nature of natural states is obtained. By this criterion, the class of decision makers is specified axiomatically. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

Mikhalevich V.M.,National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
Cybernetics and Systems Analysis | Year: 2011

This paper studies a decision-making system in which a situation has its numerical consequences with the natural order as the preference relation of a decision-maker. A rather wide class of situations is considered in which the decision-maker can use the criterion of the mentioned type under some rather natural conditions based on the principle of guaranteed result, which depends only on a regularity that describes randomness in a general sense, i.e., the regularity of a mass phenomenon representing a state of nature. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

Mikhalevich V.M.,National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
Cybernetics and Systems Analysis | Year: 2010

The topic under discussion is modeling the subject of a decision making system, a decision maker (DM), up to the information, which it relies upon while making a concrete decision, directing towards the purpose before it, i.e., choosing the best possible action. Clearly, the indicated model of a DM substantially depends on the object of decision making, the situation of decision making (SDM), which this DM roughly presents in the form of the so-called situation of decision problem (SDP) through discarding the decisions impossible (or not interesting) for itself as well as impossible (according to its view) consequences from the initial situation, thus obtaining the so-called scheme of the situation of decision problem (SSDP). The interchangeability of the obtained models is studied. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

Agre M.Ya.,National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
Physics-Uspekhi | Year: 2011

Multipole expansions of the magnetic field of a spatially restricted system of stationary currents and those for the potential function of such currents in an external magnetic field are studied using angular momentum algebraic techniques. It is found that the expansion for the magnetic induction vector is made identical to that for the electric field strength of a neutral system of charges by substituting electric for magnetic multipole moments. The toroidal part of the multipole expan- sion for the magnetic field vector potential can, due to its potential nature, be omitted in the static case. Also, the poten- tial function of a system of currents in an external magnetic field and the potential energy of a neutral system of charges in an external electric field have identical multipole expansions. For axisymmetric systems, the expressions for the field and those for the potential energy of electric and magnetic multi- poles are reduced to simple forms, with symmetry axis orienta- tion dependence separated out. © 2011 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, Russian Academy of Sciences.

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