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Urbana, IL, United States

National University of Health science is a four-year, private not-for-profit higher education institution located in the Chicago, Illinois suburbs. NUHS offers degree programs in chiropractic, naturopathic medicine, acupuncture, Chinese medicine and biomedical science. The university also offers certificate programs for massage therapy and chiropractic assistants. Wikipedia.

Pinna G.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Rasmusson A.M.,National University of Health Sciences
Journal of Neuroendocrinology | Year: 2012

Benzodiazepines remain the most frequently used psychotropic drugs for the treatment of anxiety spectrum disorders; however, their use is associated with the development of tolerance and dependence. Another major hindrance is represented by their lack of efficacy in many patients, including patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For these nonresponders, the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) has been the therapy of choice. In the past decade, clinical studies have suggested that the pharmacological action of SSRIs may include the ability of these drugs to normalise decreased brain levels of neurosteroids in patients with depression and PTSD; in particular, the progesterone derivative allopregnanolone, which potently, positively and allosterically modulates the action of GABA at GABA A receptors. Preclinical studies using the socially-isolated mouse as an animal model of PTSD have demonstrated that fluoxetine and congeners ameliorate anxiety-like behaviour, fear responses and aggressive behaviour expressed by such mice by increasing corticolimbic levels of allopregnanolone. This is a novel and more selective mechanism than serotonin reuptake inhibition, which, for half a century, has been considered to be the main molecular mechanism for the therapeutic action of SSRIs. Importantly, this finding may shed light on the high rates of SSRI resistance among patients with PTSD and depression, comprising disorders in which there appears to be a block in allopregnanolone synthesis. There are several different mechanisms by which such a block may occur, and SSRIs may only be corrective under some conditions. Thus, the up-regulation of allopregnanolone biosynthesis in corticolimbic neurones may offer a novel nontraditional pharmacological target for a new generation of potent nonsedating, anxiolytic medications for the treatment of anxiety, depression, and PTSD: selective brain steroidogenic stimulants. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

McLean G.,National University of Health Sciences
Journal of Hypertension | Year: 2016

OBJECTIVE:: To synthesize the evidence for using interactive digital interventions (IDIs) to support patient self-management of hypertension, and to determine their impact on control and reduction of blood pressure. METHOD:: Systematic review with meta-analysis was undertaken with a search performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, Cochrane Library, DoPHER, TROPHI, Social Science Citation Index and Science Citation Index. The population was adults (>18 years) with hypertension, intervention was an IDI and the comparator was usual care. Primary outcomes were change in SBP and DBP. Only randomized controlled trials and studies published in journals and in English were eligible. Eligible IDIs included interventions accessed through a computer, smartphone or other hand-held device. RESULTS:: Four out of seven studies showed a significantly greater reduction for intervention compared to usual care for SBP, with no difference found for three. Overall, IDIs significantly reduced SBP, with the weighted mean difference being −3.74?mmHg [95% confidence interval (CI) −2.19 to −2.58] with no heterogeneity observed (I-squared?=?0.0%, P?=?0.990). For DBP, four out of six studies indicated a greater reduction for intervention compared to controls, with no difference found for two. For DBP, a significant reduction of −2.37?mmHg (95% CI −0.40 to −4.35) was found, but considerable heterogeneity was noted (I-squared?=?80.1%, P?=?<0.001). CONCLUSION:: IDIs lower both SBP and DBP compared to usual care. Results suggest these findings can be applied to a wide range of healthcare systems and populations. However, sustainability and long-term clinical effectiveness of these interventions remain uncertain.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Kwon Y.,National University of Health Sciences
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine | Year: 2014

Over the past 4 decades Chinese medicine (CM) has come increasingly into the spotlight in the United States as the clinical effectiveness of CM has been not only empirically well-tested over a long period of time but also proven by recent scientific research. It has proven cost effectiveness, safety, and is authorized for natural and holistic approaches. In consideration, CM is one of the underutilized health care professions in the United States with a promising future. However, CM faces many challenges in its education and system, its niche in the health care system as an independent profession, legal and ethical issues. This paper discusses the confronting issues in the United States: present education, standards of CM education with shifting first professional degree level, new delivery systems of CM education. Development of new research models, training of evidence-based practice, and implementation of integrative medicine into CM education also are the key issues in the current CM profession. This paper also discusses opportunities for the CM profession going beyond the current status, especially with a focus on fusion medicine. © 2014 Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag.

Chang M.,National University of Health Sciences
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics | Year: 2014

Objective The purpose of this study was to assess the current status of chiropractic practice laws in the United States. This survey is an update and expansion of 3 original surveys conducted in 1987, 1992, and 1998. Methods A cross-sectional survey of licensure officials from the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards e-mail list was conducted in 2011 requesting information about chiropractic practice laws and 97 diagnostic, evaluation, and management procedures. To evaluate content validity, the survey was distributed in draft form at the fall 2010 Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards regional meeting to regulatory board members and feedback was requested. Comments were reviewed and incorporated into the final survey. A duplicate question was imbedded in the survey to test reliability. Results Partial or complete responses were received from 96% (n = 51) of the jurisdictions in the United States. The states with the highest number of services that could be performed were Missouri (n = 92), New Mexico (n = 91), Kansas (n = 89), Utah (n = 89), Oklahoma (n = 88), Illinois (n = 87), and Alabama (n = 86). The states with the highest number of services that cannot be performed are New Hampshire (n = 49), Hawaii (n = 47), Michigan (n = 42), New Jersey (n = 39), Mississippi (n = 39), and Texas (n = 30). Conclusion The scope of chiropractic practice in the United States has a high degree of variability. Scope of practice is dynamic, and gray areas are subject to interpretation by ever-changing board members. Although statutes may not address specific procedures, upon challenge, there may be a possibility of sanctions depending on interpretation. © 2014 National University of Health Sciences.

STUDY DESIGN.: Retrospective review of a prospective cohort OBJECTIVE.: To determine the patient characteristics and surgical procedure factors related to increased rates of 30-day unplanned readmission and major perioperative complications after spinal fusion surgery, as well as the association between unplanned readmission and major complications. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Reducing unplanned readmissions can reduce the cost of healthcare. Payers are implementing penalties for 30-day readmissions following discharge. There is limited data regarding the current rates and risk factors for unplanned readmission and major complications related to spinal fusion surgery. METHODS.: Spine fusion patients were identified using the 2012 and 2013 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant User File. Rates of readmissions within 30 days following spine fusion surgery were calculated using the person-years method. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the independent associations of spine surgical procedure types, diagnoses, patient profiles and major perioperative complications with unplanned related readmissions. Independent risk factors for major complications were assessed by multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS.: Of 18,602 identified patients, there was a 5.2% overall major perioperative complication rate. There was a rate of 4.4% per 30 person-days for unplanned readmissions related to index surgery. Independent risk factors for both readmissions and major perioperative complications included combined anterior and posterior surgery, diagnosis of solitary tumor, older age, and higher American Society of Anesthesiologists class. Patients with deep/organ surgical site infection carried higher risk of having unplanned readmission, followed by pulmonary embolism, acute renal failure and stroke/CVA with neurological deficit. CONCLUSIONS.: This study provides benchmark rates of 30-day readmission based on diagnosis and procedure codes from a high-quality database for adult spinal fusion patients and showed increased rates of 30-day unplanned readmission and major perioperative complications for patients with specific risk factors. Targeted preoperative planning on modifiable risk factors with proportional reimbursement may promote higher quality healthcare.Level of Evidence: 3 Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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