Bratislava, Slovakia
Bratislava, Slovakia

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Pecivova J.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Macickova T.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Svitekova K.,National Transfusion Service | Nosal R.,Slovak Academy of Sciences
Interdisciplinary Toxicology | Year: 2012

Activated neutrophils represent the main source of myeloperoxidase (MPO), superoxide (SO) and subsequently derived oxygen metabolites. They have important microbicidal activities, however in inflammatory conditions they may secondarily attack surrounding tissues. Overproduction of reactive oxygen species, prolonged or excessive liberation of MPO and other effective yet also toxic substances from neutrophils may participate in disturbed apoptosis, intensify the inflammatory processes and result in serious human diseases. The inhibitory effect of quercetin on PMA stimulated SO generation in isolated human neutrophils was found to be dosedependent, without affecting the activity of intact isolated neutrophils. At comparable conditions, quercetin was more potent in inhibiting MPO release than SO generation. Our results indicate that quercetin could support resolution of inflammation through decreased activity of neutrophils, i.e. respiratory burst and degranulation. Copyright © 2012 SETOX & IEPT, SASc.


Pecivova J.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Nosal R.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Svitekova K.,National Transfusion Service | Macickova T.,Slovak Academy of Sciences
Interdisciplinary Toxicology | Year: 2014

Neutrophils, highly motile phagocytic cells, constitute the first line of host defense and simultaneously they are considered to be central cells of chronic inflammation. In combination with standard therapeutic procedures, natural substances are gaining interest as an option for enhancing the effectiveness of treatment of inflammatory diseases. We investigated the effect of arbutin and carvedilol and of their combination on 4β-phorbol-12β-myristate-13α-acetate- stimulated functions of human isolated neutrophils. Cells were preincubated with the drugs tested and subsequently stimulated. Superoxide (with or without blood platelets, in the rate close to physiological conditions [1:50]) and HOCl generation, elastase and myeloperoxidase release were determined spectrophotometrically and phospholipase D activation spectrofluorometrically. The combined effect of arbutin and carvedilol was found to be more effective than the effect of each compound alone. Our study provided evidence supporting the potential beneficial effect of arbutin alone or in combination with carvedilol in diminishing tissue damage by decreasing phospholipase D, myeloperoxidase and elastase activity and by attenuating the generation of superoxide and the subsequently derived reactive oxygen species. The presented data indicate the ability of arbutin to suppress the onset and progression of inflammation. Copyright © 2014 SETOX & IEPT, SASc.


Macickova T.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Pecivova J.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Harmatha J.,Czech Institute of Organic Chemistry And Biochemistry | Svitekova K.,National Transfusion Service | Nosal R.,Slovak Academy of Sciences
Interdisciplinary Toxicology | Year: 2012

Neutrophils represent the body's primary line of defense against invading pathogens. They most rapidly reach the site of injury or infection, liberate antimicrobial proteins, proteases and produce reactive oxygen species. Prolonged or excessive liberation of these very effective and toxic substances could intensify the inflammatory process and enhance tissue damage in many diseases, such as allergies, infections and rheumatoid arthritis. Pterostilbene belongs to stilbenoids, structural analogues of resveratrol, which act as natural protective agents in defending the plant against viral and microbial attack. It possesses anticancerous, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. The study provides new information on the effect of pterostilbene [0.01-100 μmol/l] on superoxide generation in and myeloperoxidase (MPO) release from azurophil granules of isolated human neutrophils. PMA [1 μmol/l], which activates NADPH-oxidase via protein kinase C, was used for stimulation of neutrophils Unstimulated cells showed neither superoxide generation nor myelopereoxidase release after preincubation with the drug studied. Pterostilbene dose dependently decreased superoxide generation in and MPO release from stimulated human neutrophils, however a significant decrease was recorded only in the concentration 100 μmol/l. The effect of pterostilbene was more pronounced on superoxide generation in comparison to MPO release. Our results suggest that the effect of pterostilbene may prove beneficial in controlling inflammation. Copyright © 2012 SETOX & IEPT, SASc.


Jancinova V.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Perecko T.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Nosal R.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Svitekova K.,National Transfusion Service | Drabikova K.,Slovak Academy of Sciences
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity | Year: 2013

Neutrophils are able to release cytotoxic substances and inflammatory mediators, which, along with their delayed apoptosis, have a potential to maintain permanent inflammation. Therefore, treatment of diseases associated with chronic inflammation should be focused on neutrophils; formation of reactive oxygen species and apoptosis of these cells represent two promising targets for pharmacological intervention. Piceatannol, a naturally occurring stilbenoid, has the ability to reduce the toxic action of neutrophils. This substance decreased the amount of oxidants produced by neutrophils both extra- and intracellularly. Radicals formed within neutrophils (fulfilling a regulatory role) were reduced to a lesser extent than extracellular oxidants, potentially dangerous for host tissues. Moreover, piceatannol did not affect the phosphorylation of p40phox - a component of NADPH oxidase, responsible for the assembly of functional oxidase in intracellular (granular) membranes. The stilbenoid tested elevated the percentage of early apoptotic neutrophils, inhibited the activity of protein kinase C (PKC) - the main regulatory enzyme in neutrophils, and reduced phosphorylation of PKC isoforms α, βII, and δ on their catalytic region. The results indicated that piceatannol may be useful as a complementary medicine in states associated with persisting neutrophil activation and with oxidative damage of tissues. © 2013 Viera Jancinova et al.


Nosal R.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Perecko T.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Jancinova V.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Drabikova K.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Neuroendocrinology Letters | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: Neutrophil leukocytes and macrophages represent professional phagocytic cells. When appropriately stimulated, they undergo dramatic physiological and biochemical changes resulting in phagocytosis, chemotaxis and degranulation with the activation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production known as the respiratory burst. DESIGN: In this study we analysed the effect of a crystalline complex fraction of four N-feruloyl-serotonin isomers isolated from the seeds of Leuzea carthamoides on the mechanism of oxidative burst of human neutrophils in vitro. RESULTS: N-feruloyl-serotonin (N-f-5HT) inhibited dose-dependently oxidative burst of human whole blood and isolated neutrophils in vitro stimulated with phorbol-myristate-acetate (PMA) as measured by luminol/isoluminol enhanced chemiluminescence. In isolated neutrophils stimulated with PMA, N-f-5HT was effective against extracellular as well as intracellular reactive oxygen species. Western blot analysis documented that N-f-5HT in concentrations of 10 and 100 μMe; significantly decreased PMA-induced phosphorylation of protein kinase C alpha/beta II. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that N-f-5HT represents an effective naturally occurring substance with potent effect on the oxidative burst of human neutrophils and could be further investigated for its pharmacological activity against oxidative stress in ischaemia-reperfusion, inflammation and other pathological conditions. © 2010 Neuroendocrinology Letters.


PubMed | Slovak Academy of Sciences and National Transfusion Service
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Interdisciplinary toxicology | Year: 2015

Neutrophils, highly motile phagocytic cells, constitute the first line of host defense and simultaneously they are considered to be central cells of chronic inflammation. In combination with standard therapeutic procedures, natural substances are gaining interest as an option for enhancing the effectiveness of treatment of inflammatory diseases. We investigated the effect of arbutin and carvedilol and of their combination on 4-phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate- stimulated functions of human isolated neutrophils. Cells were preincubated with the drugs tested and subsequently stimulated. Superoxide (with or without blood platelets, in the rate close to physiological conditions [1:50]) and HOCl generation, elastase and myeloperoxidase release were determined spectrophotometrically and phospholipase D activation spectrofluorometrically. The combined effect of arbutin and carvedilol was found to be more effective than the effect of each compound alone. Our study provided evidence supporting the potential beneficial effect of arbutin alone or in combination with carvedilol in diminishing tissue damage by decreasing phospholipase D, myeloperoxidase and elastase activity and by attenuating the generation of superoxide and the subsequently derived reactive oxygen species. The presented data indicate the ability of arbutin to suppress the onset and progression of inflammation.

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