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Fagbemiro O.A.,National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA
62nd International Astronautical Congress 2011, IAC 2011 | Year: 2011

This paper highlights an outreach initiative to bring space awareness to primary schools in rural communities in Nigeria. The Space Club is an ongoing activity of the African Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education (ARCSSTE). ARCSSTE (affliated to the United Nations) was established in 1998 with a mandate to train postgraduate candidates from English-speaking African countries in the space sciences. The space club was conceived as one of the catch-them-young initiatives geared towards sensitizing and educating school children at all levels. Over the course of 3 years, the centre has inaugurated about 300 space clubs in primary and secondary schools in Nigeria. In 2007, a space club was launched at Shepherd Nursery and Primary School located in a rural community known as Owoeye in Ile-Ife. This community lacks basic infrastructure such as water, electricity and good roads. Shepherd Nursery and Primary School is a modest elementary school with about 121 pupils and 14 teachers situated in the heart of this rural community. In spite of the abject poverty of the environment, the school has a vibrant space club of about 50 members. Filled with enthusiasm and eagerness, these students have greatly impacted the community by creating awareness about space science and technology. Members of the space club educate the community through novel means such as poems, playlets and rhymes. The space club also has a museum showcasing locally fabricated models of rockets, satellites and astronauts. This study illustrates how the children utilize their limited facilities and gifts to enlighten a remote community who would otherwise not have had the opportunity to learn about space science and technology.

Zubair O.A.,University of Missouri - Kansas City | Ojigi L.M.,National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA | Mbih R.A.,University of Missouri - Kansas City
Journal of Sustainable Development | Year: 2015

From the 1990s to date, growing deterioration of urban environmental quality, and the developments of squatter settlements and squalors have gradually become the attributes of the development patterns in the Federal Capital City (FCC), Abuja and environs in Nigeria. The FCC, Abuja and the surrounding towns and settlements popularly referred to as 'satellite towns' in Nigeria, are characterized by inadequate urban infrastructure, high rural-urban migration, population pressure, high cost of living, poor economic lifestyle, informal settlements and failing infrastructure. In view of these urban development dynamics and the prevailing economic situations in Nigeria, many citizens have resorted to building and settling in unapproved lands within and around the city. In attempts to maintain the designed land use and master plan of the city and to control the quality of infrastructural developments in the area, the relevant government authorities often employ the use of mass demolition of illegal constructions, and informal settlements; resulting in displacement of many inhabitants. A further repercussion of this process is the emergence of several unplanned settlements dotting the surroundings of the city area assumed to be outside the immediate development interest of the FCC authorities. This paper is therefore aimed at assessing the urbanization of the FCC, Abuja as a catalyst for the emergence of squatter settlements and squalors in and around the city. To achieve this, Landsat satellite images of Abuja in 1987, 2001 and 2006 were used in mapping and analyzing the spatial growth of the city. The results of the study showed that squatter settlements and squalors have sprang up in and around the study area due to poor housing scheme, which made proper accommodation within the city unaffordable for low income residents of the city who were mostly civil servants. It was argued in the paper that, though demolition exercise may be agreed by the Abuja City Administration as a necessity, this could be largely avoided if proper housing infrastructure is included in the planning process. © 2015 by the authors.

Nelson I.O.,National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA | Ademola A.Y.,University Of Ilorin
International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation | Year: 2013

This paper presents the design and simulation of a patch antenna array as feed for a parabolic reflector antenna in C-Band. This configuration is to serve as an alternative to conventional feed horns for in-orbit satellites to solve the size and weight problems they constitute. A 4×1 C-Band circular patch antenna array configuration with a broadside radiation pattern is designed as feed for a dish antenna with aperture illumination of 140°. The result of analysis and simulations of the model using MATLAB and CST MWS-2012 software package suggests that the patch antenna array feed radiation characteristics are very competitive when compared to that achieved with conventional feeds for dish antennas of the same aperture illumination. © 2013 Praise Worthy Prize S.r.l. - All rights reserved.

Fagbemiro O.,National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2014

This study focused on the activities of the Nigerian Chapter of the Astronomers Without Borders (AWB) in collaboration with the National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) in taking Astronomy to elementary school kids across Nigeria. Nigeria with a population of over 173 million people, has 43.9% of this population aged 0-14 years. There are approximately 76 million kids under 14 years across the Nation, majority of who studies have shown are alien to the subject of Astronomy. A team of young Scientists under the aegis of Astronomers Without Borders (AWB) in collaboration with the Nigerian Space Agency started out to reach out to the Nigerian kids, teaching them about astronomy and creating awareness about space science and technology in general. A number of activities have been embarked upon by this group in taking Astronomy to these school children. Some of these activities are targeted towards stimulating the interest of elementary school kids in Astronomy. There have been workshop sessions where school kids are brought together and taught Astronomy. Also, teachers too have been carried along in the program tagged 'Train-the-Trainers' teachers' workshops. The aim is to train science teachers in schools so they could in turn teach their pupils about Astronomy. Schools are encouraged to source for locally available materials to fabricate some resources to complement the limited resources that are being used in teaching the kids. Thousands of elementary school kids have so far been reached since inception, both in the rural and urban parts of Nigeria. Both the print and electronic media have been used to propagate the activities of AWB in Nigeria. The responses from kids across Nigeria have been encouraging, as the National Coordinator of AWB in Nigeria, I have been an integral part of the various activities embarked upon by the team and the impact assessment of Astronomy education on kids' school performances especially in the sciences have been very amazing. There is increased awareness about Astronomy among the school kids in Nigeria, teachers have been encouraged to emphasize on existing Astronomy topics in their teaching, while efforts are on going to engage the policy makers in charge of curriculum development to introduce Astronomy in the schools' curricula.

Olusoji N.J.,National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA
61st International Astronautical Congress 2010, IAC 2010 | Year: 2010

One basic principle of public international law applicable to space activities is that cooperation of states plays an exceedingly important role in the exploration and utilization of Outer space. The Outer Space Treaty in it preamble refers to the wish of the state to promote broad international cooperation in the field of study and the use of outer space to peaceful purposes such as state assisting and encouraging international cooperation in scientific research; the development of international cooperation and mutual understanding; and signatory state being guided by the principle of cooperation and mutual assistance. An active role in the development of international cooperation in space research and space law is played by the United Nations, its specialized agencies, a number of institutions and inter-governmental agencies. Agreement on the international Space station is an example of the on-going developments and progress in the context of international intergovernmental cooperation in space activities and space law. This work discusses the meaning, origin and development of international space law, and the legal foundation of the International Space Station, which is built on three levels of international cooperation agreements: the International Space Station Intergovernmental Agreement, which establishes 'a long term international cooperation frame-work on the basis of genuine partnership; four Memoranda of Understandings (MOUs); and various bilateral Implementing Arrangements between the space agencies that have been established to implement the Memoranda of Understandings. It further talks about the obligations and rights, which are established by the Agreement. The work finds that the Agreement is a welcome development in the area of cooperation in space activities and international space law. It, however, discovers some shortcomings and makes some recommendations.

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