National Society for Earthquake Technology Nepal NSET

Nepal

National Society for Earthquake Technology Nepal NSET

Nepal

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Sudmeier-Rieux K.,University of Lausanne | Jaquet S.,University of Lausanne | Basyal G.K.,National Society for Earthquake Technology Nepal NSET | Derron M.,University of Lausanne | And 3 more authors.
Landslide Science and Practice: Global Environmental Change | Year: 2013

Landslides have an underestimated impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Nepal, with little attention received from government, the international community, or researchers. Landslides are the leading natural hazard after epidemics, killing over 100 persons per year and are predicted to increase with more intense monsoon rains (Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), Government of Nepal and Disaster Preparedness Network (DPNet) (2009) Nepal Disaster Report 2009: The Hazardscape and Vulnerability, Kathmandu). This paper explores current landslide trends in Nepal and impacts on rural development. Six communities in Central-Eastern Nepal were studied; four of landslide-affected rural communities, and for comparison's sake, two are flood-affected urban areas. The research links geological knowledge about landslides with a social analysis of affected populations. The study's methods are interdisciplinary, combining a geological assessment of landslides, with participatory social science research methods. Results show that landslides are very costly for households, often obliging them to convert or abandon rice fields, reconstruct their houses, or migrate abroad, considerably affecting food security. The goal of this research is to contribute to the literature on integrated approaches to landslide risk reduction. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013.


Narafu T.,Information Center for Building Administration | Ishiyama Y.,Hokkaido University | Okazaki K.,National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies | Ando S.,Regional Development Centre | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering | Year: 2010

Reducing earthquake disasters in non-engineered houses is an acute issue because they are a main cause of human casualties worldwide. Since non-engineered houses differ from engineered houses in many respects, the authors conducted a comparative study and clarified the characteristics of the former. Based on this study, they found that reducing disasters in non-engineered houses would require appropriate seismic technologies to be adopted by communities and effective channels to disseminate technical knowledge. Further, a comprehensive approach covering a wider field of activity and effort was found to be necessary as users/dwellers of non-engineered houses are low/middle-income people and a professional housing supply sector usually does not exist for such houses. This paper reports on the characteristics of non-engineered houses, indicates the items to be tackled in reducing earthquake disasters in such dwellings, and proposes an approach to safer non-engineered houses consisting of key issues and a comprehensive approach.


Dixit A.M.,National Society for Earthquake Technology Nepal NSET | Yatabe R.,Ehime University | Dahal R.K.,Kathmandu University | Bhandary N.P.,Ehime University
Natural Hazards | Year: 2013

Situated over the Himalayan tectonic zone, Kathmandu Valley as a lake in geological past has a long history of destructive earthquakes. In recent years, the earthquake risk of the valley has significantly increased due mainly to uncontrolled development, poor construction practices with no earthquake safety consideration, and lack of awareness among the general public and government authorities. Implementation of land use plan and building codes, strengthening of design and construction regulations, relocation of communities in risky areas, and conduction of public awareness programs are suitable means of earthquake disaster risk management practice. Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, is still lacking earthquake disaster risk management plans. So, this paper highlights some initiatives adopted by both governmental and nongovernmental organizations of Nepal to manage earthquake disaster risk in the Kathmandu Valley. It provides some comprehensive information on recent initiatives of earthquake disaster risk management in the valley and also highlights the outcomes and challenges. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Dixit A.M.,National Society for Earthquake Technology Nepal NSET | Yatabe R.,Ehime University | Guragain R.,National Society for Earthquake Technology Nepal NSET | Dahal R.K.,Tribhuvan University | Bhandary N.P.,Ehime University
Georisk | Year: 2014

The non-structural assessment of critical public facilities such as hospital buildings is very essential for earthquake disaster adaptation in earthquake prone regions. In Nepal, a devastating earthquake is inevitable in the long term and likely in the near future. So a non-structural earthquake vulnerability assessment study was carried out in the selected main hospitals of Nepal. This paper presents the findings of the assessment work. The results show an alarming situation and demand an immediate action in most of the hospital buildings so as to achieve a standard and acceptable level of safety. The study also recommends a gradual approach of increasing the safety level considering the socio-economic condition of the country and the fact that medium-level earthquakes are more frequent than the severe ones. Moreover, the non-structural component assessment study largely helped to convince the government officials and hospital authorities on the affordability and possibility of constructing earthquake-resistant non-structural components in the hospitals of developing countries such as Nepal, employing a slight improvement in the already employed methods of construction. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis.


Dixit A.M.,National Society for Earthquake Technology Nepal NSET | Yatabe R.,Ehime University | Dahal R.K.,Ehime University | Dahal R.K.,Tribhuvan University | Bhandary N.P.,Ehime University
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk | Year: 2014

Earthquakesare one of the most significant natural hazards in Nepal and there is a long history of destructive earthquakes in the region. Despite the risk of earthquake disasters, however, school construction practice in Nepal has largely ignored the issues of structural safety. Most schools are built without following proper design guidelines. As an effective tool to reduce earthquake disaster risk in the public schools of Nepal, the Public School Earthquake Safety Program was recently initiated in Nepal. In this program, more than 1000 public schools from six districts of Nepal were evaluated for earthquake safety, and various awareness raising and retrofitting programs were implemented. This paper describes the program features, extent of community participation, retrofitting processes and lessons learned while implementing the earthquake safety program. It also demonstrates how school earthquake safety programs ultimately increase the seismic safety of the entire community in the Himalayan regions. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

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