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Satsumasendai, Japan

Aikawa H.,Red Cross | Noro M.,National Sendai Medical Center
Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine

Improvement in neonatal care has led to increased survival rates of very premature infants. Accordingly, there are now more extremely preterm infants who are at risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ROP is a disorder of low birth-weight preterm infants and may lead to blindness. However, the prevalence of ROP varies globally, depending on different neonatal and ophthalmic care. Therefore, we studied the incidence and progression of ROP in extremely preterm infants in Japan. In addition, we investigated the characteristics and the clinical courses of the infants who progressed to sight-threatening ROP. A total of 3,154 infants were born at the Japanese Red Cross Sendai Hospital between 2009 and 2011, including 53 live-born infants born before 28 weeks' gestation. Two extremely preterm infants died before the first ROP examination. Among the survived 51 infants (the birth-weight ranged from 309 to 1,354 g, mean 779 g), 36 infants (70.6%) developed ROP: 18 infants with mild ROP and 18 infants with severe ROP. Eight out of the 51 infants (15.7%) underwent laser treatment. None of the infants born at older than 27 weeks 0 day of gestation required any treatment for ROP. In conclusion, most of extremely preterm infants develop some degree of ROP. However, in the majority of these infants the ROP never progressed beyond mild disease and resolved spontaneously without treatment. Sight-threatening ROP was rare. The present study clarifies the natural history of ROP in extremely preterm infants with active perinatal care. © 2013 Tohoku University Medical Press. Source

Namba K.,Sensory Medical | Mutai H.,Sensory Medical | Kaneko H.,Nihon University | Hashimoto S.,National Sendai Medical Center | Matsunaga T.,Sensory Medical
BMC Research Notes

Background: Mutation of the voltage-gated potassium channel KCNQ4 causes DFNA2-type nonsyndromic autosomal dominant sensorineural hearing loss. KCNQ4 is expressed predominantly in the auditory sensory outer hair cells, which are critical for sound amplification. Results: We sequenced KCNQ4 from Japanese patients with sensorineural hearing loss, and identified a novel missense mutation encoding a Tyr270His located at the N-terminus of the highly conserved pore helix sequence. As this patient was not accessible to us and information about them was limited, we used molecular modeling to investigate whether this novel mutation is hypothetically pathogenic. A careful examination of an in silico structural model of the KCNQ4 pore region revealed that the Tyr270His mutation caused an alteration in the electrostatic surface potential of the pore helix. Conclusion: We propose two possible means by which the Tyr270His mutation causes hearing loss: a positively charged His270 side chain might enhance the helix dipole moment of the pore helix, thereby destabilizing the helix and/or the pore region, or it might disturb transport of K + through the channel by electrostatic repulsion. © 2012 Matsunaga et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Suzuki M.,Teikyo University | Hashimoto S.,National Sendai Medical Center | Kano S.,Tohoku University | Okitsu T.,Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University
Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology

Objectives: The criteria have not yet been established for identifying the configuration of a pure tone audiogram constituting abnormal results that warrant further investigation. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of acoustic neuroma associated with each configuration of the pure tone audiogram in patients with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of 500 patients 15 years of age or older who had asymmetric SNHL and had undergone magnetic resonance imaging. Results: The prevalence of acoustic neuroma in these patients was 2.6% (13 of 500). The prevalence of acoustic neuroma in each audiometric configuration was as follows: 7.1% (3 of 42) for a basin-shaped loss (odds ratio [OR] versus overall prevalence, 2.88; p = 0.23; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 10.54), 4.7% (5 of 107) for a flat loss, 3.4% (2 of 58) for total deafness, 2.9% (1 of 34) for a high-frequency sloping audiogram, and 2.5% (2 of 81) for a high-frequency steep audiogram. The prevalence in patients with nonimproving idiopathic sudden deafness was 8.1% (OR, 3.29; p = 0.06; 95% CI, 1.13 to 9.55). Conclusions: In conclusion, 2.9% to 8.1% of patients with a characteristic configuration of the pure tone audiogram and symptoms of nonimproving or progressive idiopathic sudden deafness may have acoustic neuroma. © 2010 Annals Publishing Company. All rights reserved. Source

Suzuki M.,Fukushima Medical University | Matsuzuka T.,Fukushima Medical University | Saijo S.,Fukushima Medical University | Takahara M.,Asahikawa University | And 24 more authors.
Acta Oto-Laryngologica

Conclusion: The 3-year progression-free survival rate of non-invasive salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) or adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS) was significantly better than that of invasive SDC or adenocarcinoma NOS in Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA). The presence of invasion is an important prognostic factor for SDC and adenocarcinoma NOS in CXPA. Objectives: CXPA is a rare parotid gland malignant tumor for which therapy is not yet standardized. The purpose of this study was to review the characteristics of CXPA patients and to analyze their outcomes in the Northern Japan Head and Neck Cancer Society. Method: The medical records of 33 patients who had been provided initial treatment in 12 institutes of northern Japan from 2002–2011 were reviewed as a multi-institutional retrospective study. Results: The 3-year overall and progression-free survival rate of all patients was 79.9% and 76.8%, respectively. Both the 3-year overall and progression-free survival rates were 87.5% for patients with non-invasive SDC or adenocarcinoma NOS. The 3-year overall and progression-free survival rates for patients with invasive SDC or adenocarcinoma NOS were 60.4% and 30.5%, respectively. The progression-free survival rates for patients with invasive SDC or adenocarcinoma NOS was significantly poor (p < 0.05). © 2016 Acta Oto-Laryngologica AB (Ltd) Source

Suzuki J.,Tohoku University | Hashimoto S.,National Sendai Medical Center | Watanabe K.,National Sendai Medical Center | Takahashi K.,Tohoku University
Journal of Laryngology and Otology

Objectives: Vallecular cyst is uncommon in infants. We treated a female infant with vallecular cyst, and curious magnetic resonance imaging findings. We also review 51 other cases of vallecular cyst in infants reported over the past 23 years.Case report: A three-month-old female infant presented with congenital inspiratory stridor and failure to thrive. Flexible laryngoscopy and ultrasonography revealed a cystic mass in the vallecula. Magnetic resonance imaging findings were initially curious because of artefacts from breathing and swallowing. Marsupialisation of the cyst was performed. Post-operatively, the patient was immediately free of symptoms.Conclusion: Magnetic resonance imaging presents various difficulties in infants, but has the best diagnostic effectiveness. We recommend the use of magnetic resonance imaging, flexible fibroscopy and ultrasonography to enable extensive examination of suspected vallecular cysts in infants. Marsupialisation has a recurrence rate of only one in 39 cases, and its safety and effectiveness are well balanced. Thus, prompt marsupialisation of vallecular cyst is the recommended surgical procedure. © 2011 JLO (1984) Limited. Source

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