National Sendai Medical Center

Sendai-shi, Japan

National Sendai Medical Center

Sendai-shi, Japan
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PubMed | National Hospital Organization Kobe Medical Center, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, National Sendai Medical Center, Miura ENT Clinic and 9 more.
Type: | Journal: Clinical rehabilitation | Year: 2016

To evaluate the effect of a self-controlled vocal exercise in elderly people with glottal closure insufficiency.Parallel-arm, individual randomized controlled trial.Patients who visited one of 10 medical centers under the National Hospital Organization group in Japan for the first time, aged 60 years or older, complaining of aspiration or hoarseness, and endoscopically confirmed to have glottal closure insufficiency owing to vocal cord atrophy, were enrolled in this study. They were randomly assigned to an intervention or a control group. The patients of the intervention group were given guidance and a DVD about a self-controlled vocal exercise. The maximum phonation time which is a measure of glottal closure was evaluated, and the number of patients who developed pneumonia during the six months was compared between the two groups.Of the 543 patients enrolled in this trial, 259 were allocated into the intervention group and 284 into the control; 60 of the intervention group and 75 of the control were not able to continue the trial. A total of 199 patients (age 73.9 7.25 years) in the intervention group and 209 (73.3 6.68 years) in the control completed the six-month trial. Intervention of the self-controlled vocal exercise extended the maximum phonation time significantly (p < 0.001). There were two hospitalizations for pneumonia in the intervention group and 18 in the control group, representing a significant difference (p < 0.001).The self-controlled vocal exercise allowed patients to achieve vocal cord adduction and improve glottal closure insufficiency, which reduced the rate of hospitalization for pneumonia Identifier-UMIN000015567.

PubMed | National Hospital Organization Hokkaido Cancer Center, Miyagi Cancer Center, Fukushima Medical University, Sapporo Medical University and 8 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta oto-laryngologica | Year: 2016

The 3-year progression-free survival rate of non-invasive salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) or adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS) was significantly better than that of invasive SDC or adenocarcinoma NOS in Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA). The presence of invasion is an important prognostic factor for SDC and adenocarcinoma NOS in CXPA.CXPA is a rare parotid gland malignant tumor for which therapy is not yet standardized. The purpose of this study was to review the characteristics of CXPA patients and to analyze their outcomes in the Northern Japan Head and Neck Cancer Society.The medical records of 33 patients who had been provided initial treatment in 12 institutes of northern Japan from 2002-2011 were reviewed as a multi-institutional retrospective study.The 3-year overall and progression-free survival rate of all patients was 79.9% and 76.8%, respectively. Both the 3-year overall and progression-free survival rates were 87.5% for patients with non-invasive SDC or adenocarcinoma NOS. The 3-year overall and progression-free survival rates for patients with invasive SDC or adenocarcinoma NOS were 60.4% and 30.5%, respectively. The progression-free survival rates for patients with invasive SDC or adenocarcinoma NOS was significantly poor (p<0.05).

Suzuki J.,Tohoku University | Hashimoto S.,National Sendai Medical Center | Watanabe K.,National Sendai Medical Center | Takahashi K.,Tohoku University
Journal of Laryngology and Otology | Year: 2011

Objectives: Vallecular cyst is uncommon in infants. We treated a female infant with vallecular cyst, and curious magnetic resonance imaging findings. We also review 51 other cases of vallecular cyst in infants reported over the past 23 years.Case report: A three-month-old female infant presented with congenital inspiratory stridor and failure to thrive. Flexible laryngoscopy and ultrasonography revealed a cystic mass in the vallecula. Magnetic resonance imaging findings were initially curious because of artefacts from breathing and swallowing. Marsupialisation of the cyst was performed. Post-operatively, the patient was immediately free of symptoms.Conclusion: Magnetic resonance imaging presents various difficulties in infants, but has the best diagnostic effectiveness. We recommend the use of magnetic resonance imaging, flexible fibroscopy and ultrasonography to enable extensive examination of suspected vallecular cysts in infants. Marsupialisation has a recurrence rate of only one in 39 cases, and its safety and effectiveness are well balanced. Thus, prompt marsupialisation of vallecular cyst is the recommended surgical procedure. © 2011 JLO (1984) Limited.

Suzuki M.,Teikyo University | Hashimoto S.,National Sendai Medical Center | Kano S.,Tohoku University | Okitsu T.,Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University
Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology | Year: 2010

Objectives: The criteria have not yet been established for identifying the configuration of a pure tone audiogram constituting abnormal results that warrant further investigation. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of acoustic neuroma associated with each configuration of the pure tone audiogram in patients with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of 500 patients 15 years of age or older who had asymmetric SNHL and had undergone magnetic resonance imaging. Results: The prevalence of acoustic neuroma in these patients was 2.6% (13 of 500). The prevalence of acoustic neuroma in each audiometric configuration was as follows: 7.1% (3 of 42) for a basin-shaped loss (odds ratio [OR] versus overall prevalence, 2.88; p = 0.23; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 10.54), 4.7% (5 of 107) for a flat loss, 3.4% (2 of 58) for total deafness, 2.9% (1 of 34) for a high-frequency sloping audiogram, and 2.5% (2 of 81) for a high-frequency steep audiogram. The prevalence in patients with nonimproving idiopathic sudden deafness was 8.1% (OR, 3.29; p = 0.06; 95% CI, 1.13 to 9.55). Conclusions: In conclusion, 2.9% to 8.1% of patients with a characteristic configuration of the pure tone audiogram and symptoms of nonimproving or progressive idiopathic sudden deafness may have acoustic neuroma. © 2010 Annals Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Suzuki J.,National Sendai Medical Center | Suzuki J.,Tohoku University | Hashimoto S.,National Sendai Medical Center | Watanabe K.-I.,National Sendai Medical Center | And 3 more authors.
Auris Nasus Larynx | Year: 2012

Carcinoma cuniculatum (CC) is a rare variant of low-grade squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and occurrence in the oral cavity is quite unusual. CC has a papillomatous keratinized surface like verrucous carcinoma, but CC has a propensity for aggressive local invasion, especially into the bone. Therefore, CC can be quite difficult to remove surgically. A 68-year-old man presented with a case of CC mimicking verrucous leukoplakia in the mandibular gingiva. Repeated biopsies showed no malignancy. Local resection was performed, and histological examination revealed the presence of well-differentiated SCC. Additional hemi-mandibulectomy was performed and the final histological diagnosis was CC. Local recurrence was detected at the 14-month follow-up examination. Chemotherapy with docetaxel was not effective, and he died of aspiration pneumonia. CC of the oral cavity is a rare entity and the diagnosis is hard to establish. Misdiagnosis could result in inadequate removal and local recurrence. Complete resection with a safety margin is essential because of the tendency for local invasion. © 2011.

Aikawa H.,Red Cross | Noro M.,National Sendai Medical Center
Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine | Year: 2013

Improvement in neonatal care has led to increased survival rates of very premature infants. Accordingly, there are now more extremely preterm infants who are at risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ROP is a disorder of low birth-weight preterm infants and may lead to blindness. However, the prevalence of ROP varies globally, depending on different neonatal and ophthalmic care. Therefore, we studied the incidence and progression of ROP in extremely preterm infants in Japan. In addition, we investigated the characteristics and the clinical courses of the infants who progressed to sight-threatening ROP. A total of 3,154 infants were born at the Japanese Red Cross Sendai Hospital between 2009 and 2011, including 53 live-born infants born before 28 weeks' gestation. Two extremely preterm infants died before the first ROP examination. Among the survived 51 infants (the birth-weight ranged from 309 to 1,354 g, mean 779 g), 36 infants (70.6%) developed ROP: 18 infants with mild ROP and 18 infants with severe ROP. Eight out of the 51 infants (15.7%) underwent laser treatment. None of the infants born at older than 27 weeks 0 day of gestation required any treatment for ROP. In conclusion, most of extremely preterm infants develop some degree of ROP. However, in the majority of these infants the ROP never progressed beyond mild disease and resolved spontaneously without treatment. Sight-threatening ROP was rare. The present study clarifies the natural history of ROP in extremely preterm infants with active perinatal care. © 2013 Tohoku University Medical Press.

Watanabe K.,National Sendai Medical Center | Watanabe K.,Sendai Social Insurance Hospital | Amano M.,National Sendai Medical Center | Nakanome A.,National Sendai Medical Center | And 2 more authors.
Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine | Year: 2012

Fish bones are one of the most frequently observed ingested foreign bodies in the pharynx-esophagus. Fish bones have a tendency to stick and penetrate the mucosa, which can occasionally lead to severe or lethal complications. The extraluminal migration of fish bones in the upper digestive tract is a rare event, and it is even more unlikely that the foreign body will remain in the neck for a prolonged period. We report the unique case of a 69-year-old woman who remained asymptomatic, while a fish bone was lodged in her neck for 9 months. Finally, after her anterior neck had become swollen, she underwent neck exploration, which revealed that the fish bone was embedded in the scar tissue running from within the thyroid gland to outside of the thyroid. Treatment proceeded without complications, and the foreign body was removed successfully. The length of the fish bone was 34 mm. Intraoperative ultrasonography was able to identify the fish bone in situ using real-time imaging; therefore, we recommend this technique for locating migrated foreign bodies in the neck. © 2012 Tohoku University Medical Press.

Namba K.,Sensory Medical | Mutai H.,Sensory Medical | Kaneko H.,Nihon University | Hashimoto S.,National Sendai Medical Center | Matsunaga T.,Sensory Medical
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2012

Background: Mutation of the voltage-gated potassium channel KCNQ4 causes DFNA2-type nonsyndromic autosomal dominant sensorineural hearing loss. KCNQ4 is expressed predominantly in the auditory sensory outer hair cells, which are critical for sound amplification. Results: We sequenced KCNQ4 from Japanese patients with sensorineural hearing loss, and identified a novel missense mutation encoding a Tyr270His located at the N-terminus of the highly conserved pore helix sequence. As this patient was not accessible to us and information about them was limited, we used molecular modeling to investigate whether this novel mutation is hypothetically pathogenic. A careful examination of an in silico structural model of the KCNQ4 pore region revealed that the Tyr270His mutation caused an alteration in the electrostatic surface potential of the pore helix. Conclusion: We propose two possible means by which the Tyr270His mutation causes hearing loss: a positively charged His270 side chain might enhance the helix dipole moment of the pore helix, thereby destabilizing the helix and/or the pore region, or it might disturb transport of K + through the channel by electrostatic repulsion. © 2012 Matsunaga et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

PubMed | National Sendai Medical Center
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Auris, nasus, larynx | Year: 2016

Leiomyoma usually originates from the uterus and alimentary tract, but in extremely rare cases leiomyoma can appear in the external auditory canal. Here we present a 37-year-old man with right auricular fullness. Preoperative findings suggested benign tumor or cholesteatoma in the right external auditory canal. We performed total resection using an endoauricular approach with transcanal endoscopic ear surgery. Histopathological and immunohistochemistry examination confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyoma of external auditory canal. Leiomyoma arising from soft tissue, including that in the external auditory canal, is classified into two types: that from the arrectores pilorum muscles and that from the muscle coats of blood vessels. Only four cases of leiomyoma of external auditor canal have been published in the English literature. The other four cases demonstrated vascular leiomyomas. This is the first report of leiomyoma of the EAC arising from arrectores pilorum muscles.

PubMed | National Sendai Medical Center
Type: Case Reports | Journal: International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2015

Extraosseous chondroma (EC) is uncommon soft tissue tumor composed of hyaline cartilage without connection to bone or periosteum. The frequent sites of EC are the hands and feet and rarely reported in the pediatric population and anterior neck lesion. We present an extremely rare case of anterior neck mass in a 5-year-old male who underwent total resection, with the final diagnosis of EC. The review of the literature showed that all cases of EC in anterior neck lesion have been found in young age and preoperative diagnosis was difficult.

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