DOEs National Security Campus

Kansas City, MO, United States

DOEs National Security Campus

Kansas City, MO, United States
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Putman C.,DOEs National Security Campus | Horn R.C.,DOEs National Security Campus | Wolf J.A.,DOEs National Security Campus | Krueger D.,DOEs National Security Campus
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging | Year: 2016

Low temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC) has been established as an excellent packaging technology for high-reliability, high-density microelectronics. The functionality and robustness of rework have been increased through the incorporation of a physical vapor deposition (PVD) thin film Ti/Cu/Pt/Au metallization. PVD metallization is suitable for radio frequency (RF) applications as well as digital systems. Adhesion of the Ti "adhesion layer" to the LTCC as-fired surface is not well understood. Although previous work has established extrinsic parameters for delamination mechanisms of thin films on LTCC substrates, there is incomplete information regarding the intrinsic (i.e., thermodynamic) parameters in the literature. This article analyzes the thermodynamic favorability of adhesion between Ti, Cr, and their oxide coatings on LTCC (assumed as amorphous silica glass and Al2O3). Computational molecular calculations are used to determine interface energy as an indication of molecular stability between pair of materials at specific temperature. The end result will expand the understanding of thin film adhesion to LTCC surfaces and assist in increasing the long-term reliability of the interface bonding on RF microelectronic layers. © 2016 International Microelectronics Assembly and Packaging Society.

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