National School of Political Sciences

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Flynn S.,National School of Political Sciences | McGregor C.,National School of Political Sciences
Child Care in Practice | Year: 2017

Disabled children experience unique vulnerabilities in the context of child protection and welfare services. Current research alludes to strong concerns about social inequality, professional responses, judgement, knowledge and awareness limitations, and practical constraints. This article presents a focused commentary on the literature pertaining to child protection and disabled children. It does so through the lens of a broad affirmative non-tragedy approach. Within this, consideration is given to the distinct experience of disabled children within the broader child protection and welfare system, including experiences of being in care and of leaving care. The matter of children’s rights is explicitly addressed with a particular focus on the right for children to have their voices heard. Core themes are drawn from the body of material, which are then used to inform a discussion on the key points of learning for practitioners and policy makers moving forward. The article concludes with the recognition that, to date the matter of supporting disabled children and their families within the child protection and welfare context remains both critical and broadly neglected. It proposes that the affirmative non-tragedy model offers an effective theoretical lens to progress an assertive children’s rights approach within the child protection and welfare context. © 2017 The Child Care in Practice Group


PURPOSE: Physicians must pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) to obtain an unrestricted license to practice allopathic medicine in the United States. Little is known, however, about how well USMLE performance relates to physician behavior in practice, particularly conduct inconsistent with safe, effective patient care. The authors examined the extent to which USMLE scores relate to the odds of receiving a disciplinary action from a U.S. state medical board. METHOD: Controlling for multiple factors, the authors used non-nested multilevel logistic regression analyses to estimate the relationships between scores and receiving an action. The sample included 164,725 physicians who graduated from U.S. MD-granting medical schools between 1994 and 2006. RESULTS: Physicians had a mean Step 1 score of 214 (standard deviation [SD] = 21) and a mean Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) score of 213 (SD = 23). Of the physicians, 2,205 (1.3%) received at least one action. Physicians with higher Step 2 CK scores had lower odds of receiving an action. A 1-SD increase in Step 2 CK scores corresponded to a decrease in the chance of disciplinary action by roughly 25% (odds ratio = 0.75; 95% CI = 0.70–0.80). After accounting for Step 2 CK scores, Step 1 scores were unrelated to the odds of receiving an action. CONCLUSIONS: USMLE Step 2 CK scores provide useful information about the odds a physician will receive an official sanction for problematic practice behavior. These results provide validity evidence supporting current interpretation and use of Step 2 CK scores. © 2017 by the Association of American Medical Colleges


Stoica C.A.,University of Bucharest | Stoica C.A.,National School of Political Sciences
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2012

Some scholars have claimed that the importance of communist-era ties such as 'blat' or instrumental-personal relations will decrease during transition. Others have provided evidence that the importance of such ties has increased in post-communism. Using recent survey data from a nationally representative sample of respondents aged 25 years and over, I examine the types of social ties that have survived Communism in Romania and the factors that influence an individual's social capital or network resources. According to my analyses, in 2010 the frequency of an individual's ties to some domains has increased. Individual level factors that account for a respondent's social capital in 2010 are education, network resources in 1989, former Communist party membership, and occupational status.


Colbu S.,National School of Political Sciences
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2012

In this paper I propose a new institutional approach to the Decalogue: I have examined the genesis of this institution and provided an analysis of the prescriptions it contains; I have highlighted the social and political importance of the Decalogue in addition to its role in the Mosaic institutional system; finally, I have analysed the mechanisms which enabled the enforcement of norms and rules in the community of the tribes of Israel during the Sinaitic period.


Viiu G.-A.,National School of Political Sciences
Journal of Informetrics | Year: 2016

The paper investigates the theoretical response of h-type bibliometric indicators developed over the past decade when faced with the problem of manipulation through self-citation practices. An extreme self-citation scenario is used to test the theoretical resistance of the research performance metrics to strategic manipulation and to determine the magnitude of the impact that self-citations may induce on the indicators. The original h-index, eighteen selected variants, as well as traditional bibliometric indicators are considered. The results of the theoretical study indicate that while all indicators are vulnerable to manipulation, some of the h-index variants are more susceptible to the influence of strategic behavior than others: elite set indicators prove more resilient than the original h while other variants, including most of those directly derived from the h-index, are shown to be less robust. Variants that take into account time constraints prove to be especially useful for detecting potential manipulation. As a practical tool which may aid further studies, the article offers a collection of functions to compute the h-index and several of its variants in the R language and environment for statistical computing. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.


Viiu G.-A.,National School of Political Sciences | Paunescu M.,National School of Political Sciences | Miroiu A.,National School of Political Sciences
Scientometrics | Year: 2016

In this paper we investigate the problem of university classification and its relation to ranking practices in the policy context of an official evaluation of Romanian higher education institutions and their study programs. We first discuss the importance of research in the government-endorsed assessment process and analyze the evaluation methodology and the results it produced. Based on official documents and data we show that the Romanian classification of universities was implicitly hierarchical in its conception and therefore also produced hierarchical results due to its close association with the ranking of study programs and its heavy reliance on research outputs. Then, using a distinct dataset on the research performance of 1385 faculty members working in the fields of political science, sociology and marketing we further explore the differences between university categories. We find that our alternative assessment of research productivity—measured with the aid of Hirsch’s (Proc Natl Acad Sci 102(46):16569–16572, 2005)h-index and with Egghe’s (Scientometrics 69(1):131–152, 2006)g-index—only provides empirical support for a dichotomous classification of Romanian institutions. © 2016, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.


Andreescu G.,National School of Political Sciences
Revista Romana de Bioetica | Year: 2013

If adopted, the Draft Law on the establishment, functioning and organization of crisis pregnancy counseling offices would have to face the European Court for Human Rights and other institutions meant to watch over Romania's compliance with its international obligations. This study shows that the draft law violates three articles of the European Convention on Human Rights: article 3, that guarantees the right not to be subjected to torture, or to inhuman or degrading treatment; article 8, that protects the right to private and family life; and article 9, meant to defend the freedom of thought, conscience and religion. A state may pass anti-abortion legislation that is consistent with the guarantees of the European Convention, but faces severe limitations when defining counseling protocols for crisis pregnancy.


Dumitru A.,National School of Political Sciences
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2016

In this paper I intend to assess whether the Quiverfull movement within Evangelical Protestantism is fundamentalist or not. To that end I deploy the conceptual apparatus provided by Peter Herriot, who provides a concise list of necessary and sufficient criteria that have to be satisfied by a movement for us to call it fundamentalist. Having taken into account the relevant literature on the movement, as well as statements provided by former believers, I conclude that the Quiverfull movement is fundamentalist. A secondary and meta-theoretical conclusion that I draw is that we are yet to overcome some theoretical limitations in dealing with fundamentalist movements. Peter Herriot’s account could, to a certain extent, mitigate such limitations, since he provides us with a unified framework that can help us determine whether we are justified in calling a movement fundamentalist or not. Furthermore, an increased number of case studies to which this account of fundamentalism is applied can only mean that its own defects are overcome, though I do not engage here in a criticism of Herriot’s work. © 2016, Ecozone, OAIMDD. All rights reserved.


Miroiu A.,National School of Political Sciences
Journal of Informetrics | Year: 2013

Scientific impact indexes like h are responsive to two parameters: the researcher's productivity given by the number of her published papers (an aspect of quantity) and citations (an aspect of quality). In this paper I prove that the two parameters can be treated separately: the index h can be axiomatized by appealing (1) only to axioms that allow for productivity changes, but do not require taking into account distinct situations in which a researcher's papers received different numbers of citations or (2) only to axioms that allow for changes in the number of citations received by the researcher's papers, but do not require changes in scientific productivity. The axioms used are weak. Specifically, monotonicity is avoided. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Palade T.-B.,National School of Political Sciences
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2013

The recent global economic crisis has drawn attention to the limits of a capitalist market and economy that have been increasingly separated from ethical concerns. This crisis seemed to have pointed out that, in Western societies, a mere focus on wellbeing and good life, and a fetishization of financial instruments have narrowed the horizon of the moral and social imagination and, in addition, have perpetuated social injustice on a wide scale. This issue was in a sense anticipated by the contemporary classic theory of justice elaborated by John Rawls, and has been directly tackled, during the very economic crisis, by scholars with ethical, humanistic, and theological backgrounds. Among them, two religious leaders who possess also a considerable scholarly experience like Joseph Ratzinger and Rowan Williams have advanced outstanding views about how to reconstruct society and politics after the latest global crisis, both trying to reconcile the demands of economics with theology by way of ethics. In this paper, I firstly attempt to focus on Rawls's view on a fair conception of justice, which could arguably prevent, if it were taken seriously by political actors, social and economic shortcomings like the ones that led to the recent worldwide crisis. Secondly, I turn on Ratzinger's and William's rather similar proposal to connect economic activity with a concern for the common good, and to reconsider what makes humanity and social relations human, beyond judgements of failure or success.

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