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Khartoum, Sudan

The National Ribat University is a university based in the city of Khartoum, Sudan.The President of the Republic is the sponsor of the University.The University Council is chaired by the Minister of Interior, and the Director General of Sudanese Police Forces is his deputy.The university is ranked 10,402 in the world, third in Sudan. In Sudan, it ranks below the University of Khartoum and the Sudan University of Science and Technology, above Karary University and the International University of Africa.Initially the university had three faculties: Police science and Law, Medicine and Nursing science.Since then additional faculties have been added: Police Higher Academy, Pharmacy, Medical Laboratory science, Radiological science and Nuclear Medicine, Medicine and Dental Technology, Economic, Administrative & Financial science, Environmental Studies and Disaster Prevention, Computer Studies, Languages and Translation, Abdusalam Elkhabir Faculty for Islamic and Quranic Studies, Technology and Health science, Graduate and Scientific Research, Architecture and Information. Wikipedia.

Elamin S.,Ahmed Gasim Kidney Transplant Center and the Sudan Peritoneal Dialysis Program | Kaballo B.G.,Karary University | Abu-Aisha H.,National Ribat University
Clinical Nephrology | Year: 2014

Introduction: To evaluate the utility of the exit site scoring system in diagnosing exit site infections, we compared its scores to the well established exit site categories outlined by Twardowski and Prowant. Methods: We examined the exit sites of 50 patients on peritoneal dialysis. Each exit site was given a score ranging from "zero" to "= 4" according to the exit site scoring system. Exit sites were simultaneously classified into one of the exit site diagnostic categories outlined by Twardowski and Prowant. The sensitivity and specifity of the exit site scoring system in diagnosing exit site infection was then calculated in reference to the exit sites classified as infected according to Twardowski criteria. Results: The proportions of perfect, good, equivocal, and infected exit sites were 24%, 22%, 32%, and 22%, respectively. 21 exit sites had an exit site score of zero. Of those, 12 (57.1%) were perfect, 7 (33.3%) were good, 1 (4.8%) was equivocal, and 1 (4.8%) was actually infected. 21 exit sites had an exit site score ranging from 1 to 3 without purulent discharge. Of those, 4 (18.2%) were good, 15 (68.2%) were equivocal, and 3 (13.6%) were infected. The specifity of the exit site scoring system in diagnosing exit site infection was 100%, but its sensitivity was only 63.6%. Conclusion: The exit site scoring system is not a sensitive tool for diagnosing exit site infection mainly because it ignores evaluation of the sinus for granulation tissue. Exuberant granulation tissue in the sinus tract is not always accompanied by purulent drainage. © 2014 Dustri-Verlag Dr. K. Feistle ISSN 0301-0430. Source

Imad H.,King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences | Yasir G.,National Ribat University
Pan African Medical Journal | Year: 2015

Introduction: This study aims at describing the epidemiological and clinical characteristics, severity, reversibility testing and response to treatment using simple spirometry in asthmatic patients attending a model specialized Asthma Care Center. Methods: Eligible subjects must have a suggestive clinical picture and confirmed by spirometry to have a 12% plus 200ml absolute increase in FEV1 either by reversibility testing or after a therapeutic trial with inhaled and/or oral steroid therapy. Budesonide-Formoterol Turbohaler was used for reversibility testing and for maintenance therapy with or without the addition of oral prednisolone. Results: One hundred and nineteen patients were eligible for the study. Age ranged between 10 -70 years. One hundred and thirteen patients (95.0%) had an FEV1 less than 80% of predicted. One hundred and five patients (88.2%) had reversibility testing of whom 72 (68.6%) had a significant reversibility. Sixty two patients (52.1%) were prescribed Budesonide-Formoterol Turbohaler only whilst 57 were prescribed both Budesonide-Formoterol Turbohaler and oral prednisolone. Patients were reviewed after a mean of 14.9 days (range 6.0-28.0). Seventy two patients (60.5%) had increased their FEV1 to more than 80% of their predicted value. By logistic regression analysis, predicted FEV1 at baseline was a significant negative predictor of a complete response. Conclusion: Most patients had abnormal spirometry with more than half having an FEV1 that is 60% or less of their predicted normal reading. Reversibility testing using Budesonide-Formoterol Turbohaler confirmed the fast onset of action of its Formoterol component and helped in cutting the cost of this test. The majority improved with treatment with 60% normalizing their spirometry highlighting the feasibility and applicability of specialized asthma care centers in resource-poor countries. © Hassan Imad et al. Source

Bashir A.A.,Imam Elmahdi University | Musa O.A.A.,National Ribat University
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal | Year: 2012

To determine normal values of respiratory function for Sudanese, a randomized stratified cross-sectional study was performed on 2250 healthy Sudanese aged 7-86 years in 2002-05. Data were obtained through a questionnaire, pulmonary function testing and taking anthropometric measurements. Lung function and anthropometric measurements were correlated and regression equations were derived. Sudanese of Arab ethnic background had significantly higher forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 (first) second (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) than those of African ethnicity. In adults a positive correlation was found between lung function and height and a negative correlation with age. Gender and ethnic variations in Sudanese lung function were confirmed. Comparisons were made with data from other international studies. These values can be used as reference values in respiratory clinics in Sudan. Source

Mohammed A.H.,University of Khartoum | Salih M.M.,University of Khartoum | Elhassan E.M.,University of Gezira | Mohmmed A.A.,National Ribat University | And 3 more authors.
Malaria Journal | Year: 2013

Background: Malaria, which frequently occurs in pregnant women in the tropics, is a leading cause of maternal anaemia and low birth weight (LBW) in infants. Few data exist concerning malaria infections that are present at submicroscopic levels during pregnancy and their LBW delivery in babies. Methods. A case-control study (87 in each group) was conducted at the Medani Hospital, Central Sudan. Cases were women who had LBW deliveries where the infants weighed < 2,500 g. Controls were parturient women without having LBW babies. Obstetrical and medical characteristics were gathered from both groups through structured questionnaires. Both cases and controls were investigated for malaria using microscopic blood film analysis, placental histology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Microscopic and PCR analyses were conducted on maternal peripheral blood, placenta, and umbilical cord samples. Infant weights were recorded immediately after birth. Results: Plasmodium falciparum-positive blood films were not obtained from any of the women (cases or controls). Twenty-seven (31.0%) versus 22 (25.3%) (P = 0.500) of the cases and controls, respectively, had placental malaria infections as determined by histological examination. In comparison to the controls, the submicroscopic malaria infection prevalence rates were significantly higher in the cases; 24 (27.6%) vs six (7.0%), P < 0.001. Multivariate analysis showed that while malaria infection of the placenta (based on histology) was not associated with LBW, submicroscopic P. falciparum infection (OR = 6.89, 95% CI = 2.2-20.8; P = 0.001), or a combination of histologically determined and submicroscopic infections (OR = 2.45, 95% CI = 1.2-4.9; P = 0.012), were significantly associated with LBW. Conclusion: In Central Sudan, pregnant women were at a higher risk of having an LBW delivery if they had submicroscopic infections rather than a histological diagnosis of placental malaria. © 2013 Mohammed et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Adam I.,University of Khartoum | Elhassan E.M.,University of Gezira | Mohmmed A.A.,National Ribat University | Salih M.M.,University of Khartoum | Elbashir M.I.,University of Khartoum
Malaria Journal | Year: 2011

Background: Placental malaria and pre-eclampsia occur frequently in women in tropics and are leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidities and mortality. Few data exist concerning the interaction between placental malaria and pre-eclampsia. Methods. A case control study was conducted in Medani Hospital, which locates in an area of unstable malaria transmission in Central Sudan. Case (N = 143) were women with pre-eclampsia, which was defined as systolic blood presure140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure 90 mm Hg and proteinuria. Controls were parturient women (N = 143) without any blood pressure values > 139/89 mm Hg or proteinuria. Obstetrical and medical characteristics were gathered from both groups through structured questionnaires. Placental histopathology examinations for malaria were performed. Results: Twenty-eight (19.6%) vs. 16 (11.2%); P = 0.04 of the cases vs. controls, had placental malaria infections. Five (2%), 1 (2%) and 22 (28.0%) vs. 1, 2 and 13 of the placentae showed acute, chronic and past infection on histopathology examination in the two groups respectively, while 115 (80.4%) vs.127 (88.8%) of them showed no infection, P = 0.04. In multivariate analysis, while there were no associations between age, parity, educational level, lack of antenatal care, blood groups and body mass index and pre-eclampsia; family history of hypertension and placental malaria (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.0-5.2; P = 0.04) were significantly associated with pre-eclampsia. Conclusion: Placental malaria was associated with pre-eclampsia. Further research is needed. © 2011 Adam et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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