The National Research University Higher School of Economics is one of the leading and largest universities in Russia.The university specializes in economics, social science, mathematics, and computer science. It has more than twenty departments with main campus located in Moscow and three additional campuses in St. Petersburg, Nizhniy Novgorod and Perm.In October 2009 the HSE received the status of a National Research University. Wikipedia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-ERA-Plus | Phase: INCO.2013-3.1 | Award Amount: 31.15M | Year: 2013
The Partnership for Modernisation between the European Union and Russia states as one of the priority areas to enhance cooperation in innovation, research and development. In this context the 24 consortium members of ERA.Net RUS Plus propose to implement a Single Joint Call for transnational and scientifically excellent research projects in the fields of Nanotechnologies/Materials/Production Technologies, Health, Environment/ Climate Change, Social Sciences/Humanities and Innovation. The national financial contributions of the partners to the Single Joint Call will sum up to approximately EUR 22.2 millions. The action will engage programme owners from various EU-Member States (MS), countries associated (AC) to the EU RTD Framework Programme and Russia. ERA.Net RUS Plus is a follow-up to the current ERA.Net RUS action that was set-up from 2009 to 2013 to link Russia to the European Research Area by a coordination of S&T programmes in EU MS/AC and Russia. ERA.Net RUS was the first joint call activity in which prominent Russian Funding Parties (RAS, RFBR, RFH and FASIE) were jointly participating in a multilateral funding scheme. The major objective of ERA.Net RUS Plus is to deepen the transnational collaboration between EU MS/AC and Russia and to reduce the fragmentation of research programmes along national funding lines. This joint undertaking will create synergies and strengthen the cooperation among the consortium members. Other principal goals of ERA.Net RUS Plus are to further develop the instrumental setting for joint funding activities and thus to provide a solid basis for a joint programmatic approach to be pursued in the near future. This programmatic approach will assure the desired and necessary sustainability of the cooperation between EU MS/AC and Russia and a lasting impact. ERA.Net RUS Plus will therefore be the next important step in further linking Russia and its key research communities to the European Research Area.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO.2013-4.1 | Award Amount: 1.16M | Year: 2013
The European Union is a world leader in research and innovation, responsible for 24% of world expenditure on research and 32% of high impact publications. However, over the past decade, the emerging economies continue to strengthen their research and innovation systems, while global challenges are important drivers for research and innovation. The EU has long acknowledged the need for supporting international cooperation, and INCONTACT 2020 is exactly aiming to further reinforce this dimension of the EU framework programs. INCONTACT 2020, building upon the acknowledged work performed during the previous INCONTACT projects and upon the proven expertise of the INCONTACT consortium, plans several activities adapted to the transitional period between FP7 and Horizon 2020 and the new requirements of Horizon 2020. The project will keep promoting the International Dimension of the European Research Policy towards Horizon 2020 and will support the work of the national experts and of the newly established NCPs in third countries. The project will continue organising the INCO conference series, will support H2020 awareness activities around the world, by providing trainings and tools for capacity building and directly supporting the work of the national experts (e.g. INCO NCPs). Nonetheless, the positive effect of these efforts will not be limited to the third countries alone. EU experts and policy makers will be invited to follow and participate in the activities of the project in order to understand and support the International Activities of Horizon 2020.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2012-2.1 | Award Amount: 1.79M | Year: 2012
The overall strategy of BILAT-RUS 2 puts the three main issues of the Capacities work programme into practice. It will provide input for the EU-Commission on the state of EU-Russian STI cooperation; contribute to coordinate research policies and programmes of European Member States, Associated Countries and the EU-Commission; enhance information collection and dissemination as regards STI between Russia and the EU; raise awareness of researchers in Russia and the EU for cooperation potentials; monitor the existing STI cooperation praxis and facilitate the implementation of a sustainable cooperation support system; analyse the Russian innovation system and provide support for enhanced implementation of R&D results; deliver a feasibility study for a common representation of European scientific institutions in Russia. One of the major success factors is the close continuous dialogue and the coordination of activities with Russian and European authorities, addressing in particular the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (MON), responsible Ministries/Agencies in EU Member States and the EU Commission. The individual activities and tasks that are proposed in the work packages of the project cover a wide array of activities. They include general information and awareness raising activities, the maintenance of the established web-portal with data and knowledge bases on STI issues as well as a inventory and analysis of existing cooperation instruments, the preparation of three yearly analytical reports on the state of EU-Russian STI cooperation, the publication of guidelines for better implementation of R&D results, a feasibility study for a common representation of European scientific organisations in Russia, as well as a mobility grant scheme. Also, activities include the establishment of an external quality control body and an Advisory Board.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-03b-2014 | Award Amount: 5.21M | Year: 2015
An important question for policy makers, in the G20 and beyond, is how to bring climate action into the broader sustainable development agenda. Objectives like energy poverty eradication, increased well-being and welfare, air quality improvement, energy security enhancement, and food and water availability will continue to remain important over the next several decades. There have been relatively few scientific analyses, however, that have explored the complex interplay between climate action and development while simultaneously taking both global and national perspectives. The CD-LINKS project will change this, filling this critical knowledge gap and providing much-needed information for designing complementary climate-development policies. CD-LINKS has four overarching goals: (i) to gain an improved understanding of the linkages between climate change policies (mitigation/adaptation) and multiple sustainable development objectives, (ii) to broaden the evidence base in the area of policy effectiveness by exploring past and current policy experiences, (iii) to develop the next generation of globally consistent, national low-carbon development pathways, and (iv) to establish a research network and capacity building platform in order to leverage knowledge-exchange among institutions from Europe and other key players within the G20. Through six highly integrated work packages from empirical research to model and scenario development CD-LINKS will advance the state-of-the-art of climate-development policy analysis and modelling in a number of areas. The project aims to have a pronounced impact on the policy dialogue, both nationally and internationally: an important outcome of the project will be a list of country-specific policy recommendations for effectively managing the long-term transformation process. These recommendations will point out opportunities for policy synergies and at the same time respect political and institutional barriers to implementation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: INT-02-2014 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2015
BLACK SEA HORIZON has been designed to sustainably enhance bi-regional STI cooperation between the EU and the Black Sea region. The result of the projects STI dialogue support will be an improved knowledge base about EUs external environment and of the current framework for STI cooperation as well as an increased awareness to contribute to the elimination of remaining obstacles and to further intensify the bi-regional STI cooperation based on a jointly developed EU-Black Sea STI Cooperation Programme. To facilitate the pooling of resources the project will establish a group of committed funding parties, endowed with a functional call infrastructure and a clear set of rules and regulations, ready to implement a joint call for proposals. The participation of Black Sea researchers in HORIZON 2020 will be operationally facilitated through (i) identified common research topics taken-up in future calls for proposals, (ii) provision of up-to-date relevant information and good practices to participate in HORIZON 2020 to a large group of researchers, (iii) an increased number of joint research proposals through direct face-to-face meetings of, (iv) a young generation of social scientists trained in HORIZON 2020 and ready to promote and back up future RTI cooperation and (v) an increased readiness of programme owners both from the EU and Black Sea countries to engage jointly in JPIs and future COFUND ERA-NETs. Furthermore, the project will increase understanding of cluster policies and cluster management, establish direct business contacts between cluster managers from the EU and target countries and raise awareness on the programming of as well as on the advantages of inclusive, sustainable and social innovation. The projects results will be broadly disseminated to increase awareness on bi-region STI cooperation activities and opportunities and will be exploited towards an enhanced introduction of the Black Sea region to the ERA.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: YOUNG-4-2015 | Award Amount: 2.72M | Year: 2016
The challenges faced by young people across Europe have been the focus of public, political and academic debates at local, national and international levels. Young people face tough choices in key areas of social life that affect their participation in society, and their potential marginalisation from it: from structural issues of unemployment, lack of access to affordable housing and debt problems, to information overload on big questions like the environment, identity, faith and radicalisation, and negotiating the moral challenges of illegal markets and an increasingly sexualised social-media generation. While there are wide variations in opportunities and challenges between and within countries, young people today face tough choices in negotiating this moral maze. The PROMISE project will investigate how young peoples, often negative, responses to these problems create conflict, and how, instead, their responses can provide opportunities for positive social engagement. By addressing the experiences, values and attitudes of European youth seen to be in conflict with older generations, authorities and social norms PROMISE will get to the heart of barriers and opportunities for social engagement. We will employ a four pronged methodology to gather and analyse data (primary and secondary) on a cross-national level, alongside comparative ethnographic case study data that uniquely addresses the experiences of conflicted youth within the context and social history of each country. Each case study will address a site of conflict and stigmatisation as a (potential) site of innovation or social change. Throughout the process, we will involve young people across Europe in setting the agenda, in documenting their situation and in articulating their needs. PROMISE will produce a comparative ethnography of young people in 10 European countries, a comparative quantitative analysis of attitudes, values and control, and policy papers and positive engagement strategies. For better communication the next acronyms are used in the proposal: UNIMAN (P1), IPRS (P2), CJD (P3), UAB (P4), UCP (P5), UMB (P6), FYRN (P7),UTARTU (P8), CYC (P9), IPI (P10), YES (P11), GESIS (P11)
Akhmedov E.T.,National Research University Higher School of Economics
International Journal of Modern Physics D | Year: 2014
We discuss peculiarities of quantum fields in de Sitter (dS) space on the example of the self-interacting massive real scalar, minimally coupled to the gravity background. Nonconformal quantum field theories (QFTs) in dS space show very special infrared behavior, which is not shared by quantum fields neither in flat nor in anti-dS space: in dS space loops are not suppressed in comparison with tree level contributions because there are strong infrared corrections. That is true even for massive fields. Our main concern is the interrelation between these infrared effects, the invariance of the QFT under the dS isometry and the (in)stability of dS invariant states (and of dS space itself) under nonsymmetric perturbations. © World Scientific Publishing Company.
Akhmedov E.T.,National Research University Higher School of Economics
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013
Following Krotov and Polyakov, we show that in global de Sitter space its isometry is broken by the loop IR divergences for any invariant vacuum state of the massive scalars. We derive a kinetic equation in global de Sitter space that follows from the Dyson-Schwinger equation of the Schwinger-Keldysh diagrammatic technique in the IR limit and allows us to understand the physical meaning and consequences of the loop IR divergences. In many respects, the isometry breaking in global de Sitter space is similar to the one in the contracting Poincaré patch of de Sitter space. Hence, as a warm-up exercise we study the kinetic equation and properties of its solutions in the expanding and contracting Poincaré patches of de Sitter space. Quite unexpectedly, we find that under some initial conditions there is an explosive production of massive particles in the expanding Poincaré patch. © 2013 American Physical Society.
National Research University Higher School of Economics | Date: 2015-09-17
Selecting and ranking valid variants in search and recommendation systems selects and ranks variants with accuracy and speed. Criteria for evaluating the relevance of a variant to the search request are generated. A set of procedures for the selection and ranking of variants and a sequence for performing said procedures for the selection of variants evaluated as the most valid are established. An evaluation of each variant is based on relevance to search request criteria. The variants are then ranked by assigning a rank to each variant based on the condition of correspondence to the greatest number of criteria in decreasing order. Then the variants are selected and ranked in at least two stages using the superposition method, and the variants are selected, ranked and excluded until all of the established selection procedures have been used and the selected group of variants is evaluated as being the most valid.