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Selvarajan R.,National Center for Banana Research | NandaGopalan V.,National College | Prabha A.L.,Bharathidasan University
Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

In 2050, the population around the Earth is expected to reach a maximum of 9 billion and healthcare is being an important issue because of the increasing demand for the drugs. Among the monocots the biosynthesise of steroidal saponins are authentically reported in Agavaceae (Agave), Dioscoreaceae (Dioscorea) and Liliaceae (Allium, Asparagus, Lillium). Many species of the Dioscorea are considered as an important source for pharmaceutical industry and medicine especially for steroidal saponin which is the raw material for the synthesis of sex hormones and corticosteroid. Dioscorea oppositifolia L. were collected from four different regions of Tamilnadu -Kolli Hills, Pachaimalai, Sirumalai and Pulivalam Plains.DNA were isolated and PCR Reactions were carried out using RAPD and ISSR Markers. Population genetics were identified by constructing dendrogram through NTSYS software. This is the first report to analyse the genetic variation in Dioscorea oppositifolia collected from four different regions in Tamilnadu for pharmaceutical purposes. Source

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