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Stefanescu S.L.,Project Management Unit MAKIS CESAR MADR | Steriu S.,National Research and Development Institute for Soil Science | Dumitrascu M.,Project Management Unit MAKIS CESAR MADR
Romanian Agricultural Research | Year: 2012

Delivery of adequate guidance and advice to farmers is one of the key elements for a successful implementation in Romania of the Common Agricultural Policy post-2013 program. After the decentralization of the governmental advisory and extension system, the former network continues to perform as Chambers of Agriculture subordinated to the local public administration of the County Councils, but the organization of the election process for farmers' representation in chambers still lasts. The paper focuses on the outputs of two joint World Bank and Romanian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development projects aiming, among other objectives, to reform, to back up and strengthen the Romanian agricultural advisory system. Within the frame of the two projects, new actors are emerging on the advisory market: (i) Integrated Agricultural Offices (designed on the model "one stop shop"), established in 4 pilot areas and (ii) Socio-Economic guidance providers established in 15 counties. Source

Stefanescu S.L.,Project Management Unit MAKIS CESAR MADR | Steriu S.,Project Management Unit MAKIS CESAR MADR | Dumitrascu M.,National Research and Development Institute for Soil Science
Romanian Agricultural Research | Year: 2011

Looking to develop the national institutional capacity for implementing the new requirements and to improve the flow of information on EU standards related to production, a joint World Bank and Romanian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Project successfully set up Training and Information Centers in the main regions in Romania, as knowledge resource bases for improvement and updating the professional capacity of the research, extension and food safety specialists. Positive effects at farmer level are expected to appear towards the end of the Project, due to receiving up-to date information/advice from the agricultural consultants, better technologies available from the research institutes and improved practices regarding food safety. A strategy document has been developed, aiming to back up the sustainable development of the Centers. The document recommended that the training programs should be addressed in the future also to other target groups. Training and Information Centers would continue to meet the training needs with further expected Governmental employed trainings, applications on EU funded projects as well as training to private sector on fee basis. Source

Molin P.,Third University of Rome | Fubelli G.,Third University of Rome | Nocentini M.,Third University of Rome | Sperini S.,Third University of Rome | And 4 more authors.
Global and Planetary Change | Year: 2012

Tectonic processes and dynamic mantle flow impart a unique imprint on topography and geomorphic responses over time scales of 10 4 to 10 6yr. First-order topographic features in a tectonically active landscape represent ways to quantitatively characterise the interaction between crustal tectonics, mantle dynamics, and geomorphology, providing a basis for modelling landscape evolution. We analysed the topographic features of the Romanian Carpathians, a mountain range characterised by two straight segments connected by a narrow curvature zone. The deformation started in the Late Jurassic and includes two collisional phases during the Cretaceous and Miocene. We examined the tectonic geomorphology of the Romanian Carpathians focusing on regional and local topographic setting, drainage pattern, and river long profiles. Our main database is composed of DEM-based topographic analysis, supplemented with field investigations in the Slǎnic River basin, located in the Carpathian curvature zone. The longitudinal profiles of rivers draining the southern Carpathians are close to the equilibrium shape, in agreement with the older emersion of the chain. The longitudinal profiles of the rivers draining the eastern and southeastern Carpathians are in a transient state of disequilibrium as a consequence of a more recent emersion of the chain and of the Pliocene-Pleistocene tectonic activity in the Bend Zone. Filtering the topography at different wavelengths, we observe a relative depression in correspondence with the Carpathian Bend, where mantle seismicity and a high-velocity zone in tomography data are located and commonly interpreted as related to an almost inactive and dying subduction zone. Contrastingly, the filtered topography presents a high in the Transylvanian basin, where tomography data show a low-velocity area, interpreted as upwelling of hot asthenospheric materials. We hypothesise that local mantle convection generates positive and negative dynamic topographies. In the Slǎnic River basin, the foredeep deposits (Middle Miocene-Upper Pliocene) are folded and tilted, suggesting active compression beginning in the Lower Pleistocene. During the Middle-Late Pleistocene and Holocene, four terrace orders developed by the interaction between regional uplift and climate changes. The Carpathian topography results from a diachronous uplift superimposed on crustal tectonics. This diachronous uplift influenced the chain topography, the shape of river longitudinal profiles, and the formation of strath terraces. Crustal tectonics dominated the hydrographic net organisation. In correspondence with the Carpathian Bend and the Transylvanian basin, mantle flow driven by slab pull produced negative and positive dynamic topographies. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Manea A.,National Research and Development Institute for Soil Science
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM | Year: 2015

The main responsible for pollution occurring along the Ampoi River is the ore processing plant, "S.C. Ampellum Zlatna", an industrial unit specialized in copper metallurgy and chemistry. Activity of non-ferrous metallurgical plant from Zlatna caused the release directly to atmosphere of high levels of heavy metal emissions, most of them being later deposited on soil. The objective of this paper is to assess the spatial distribution of copper (total forms) in Zlatna area. The study of soil copper content revealed high copper contents levels in Zlatna area, while in the strongly affected area the intervention thresholds for less sensitive land uses are exceeded. The general trend shows a statistically decrease in the content of copper with the distance from the pollution source. On the East direction, the presence of soil copper has been reported over longer distances from the pollution source compared to other directions. The prevailing wind direction had an important role in the dispersion of copper emissions. © SGEM2015. Source

Vespremeanu-Stroe A.,University of Bucharest | Preoteasa L.,University of Bucharest | Hanganu D.,National Research and Development Institute for Soil Science | Brown A.G.,University of Southampton | And 3 more authors.
Quaternary International | Year: 2013

Histria (Istros) is one of the earliest Milesian colonies founded on the Black Sea coast during the archaic period (7th c. BC). Its remains are located within what is today the Razelm-Sinoe lagoon system which forms the southern part of the Danube Delta. During its 13 centuries of existence, Histria experienced an environment favourable for a prosperous economy (e.g. fishery, farming, grazing, pottery, marine trades) as indicated by numerous archeological finds from both in situ and elsewhere in the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea basins. Moreover, it benefited from a strategic position on an open-coast, which was easy to defend. Important environmental changes occurred both during and after the existence of the ancient city, and the most significant are related to major shoreline displacement.This study reports Late Holocene coastal landscape changes, from the open-coast stage to the present-day lagoon system, based on numerical age determination of the paleoshorelines, stratigraphic records by cores in lagoons and beach ridges and topographic surveys. A new chronological framework is established which reports younger ages than previously suggested for the coastal morphosedimentary units of the Histria region. Further, the findings shed new light upon the evolution of the southern part of the Danube delta. The results point to the development of an ancient deltaic lobe (Dunavâţ lobe, 2000-1300 BP, associated with the southernmost Danube distributary) which was situated 10-20 km north of the settlement. The lobe was subsequently reworked by waves, providing sediments which were accumulated downdrift (southward) as a continuous beach ridge plain (Saele-Chituc) in front of the city, leading to its isolation from the sea. The abandonment of Histria (7th c. AD) coincides with the decoupling of the city from the open coast as a consequence of the shoreline progradation. The new beach ridge plain (Saele-Chituc) is affected by intense neotectonic movements which led to the recent drowning of its central part and the formation of Sinoe lagoon; the same processes affected the downdrift part of the Dunavâţ lobe and Histria and Nuntaşi Lakes. The new sea-level curve obtained for the Histria region shows relative stability within the last four millennia, with oscillations within 0 to -2 m of the current level. This contradicts the concept of a marine regression (Phanagorian) which is suggested to have occurred during the 1st millennium BC. However, a few areas containing archeological remains are currently below sea-level owing to local neotectonics. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. Source

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