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Takenouchi T.,Keio University | Matsuzaki Y.,Keio University | Yamamoto K.,National Rehabilitation Center for Children with Disabilities | Kosaki K.,Rehabilitation Center for the Handicapped | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2014

The classification of bone dysplasia has relied on a clinical/radiographic interpretation and the identification of specific genetic alterations. The clinical presentation of the SOX9 mutation and type 2 collagen disorders overlap with the Pierre-Robin sequence and talipes equinovarus, but the former is often accompanied by the bent long bones. In its milder form, the SOX9 mutation is not necessarily associated with the bent long bones. Here, we report a patient with the Pierre-Robin sequence and talipes equinovarus who did not exhibit either bent long bones or scapular hypoplasia; thus, this patient was instead classified as having a type 2 collagen disorder. Despite this phenotypic presentation, the proposita was found to have a de novo SOX9 mutation. The peculiar location of the mutation within the dimerization domain might account for the relatively mild phenotypic effect of the SOX9 mutation to a degree that is compatible with a clinical diagnosis of type 2 collagen disorder, except for a developmental delay. We concluded that mutations in SOX9 can mimic a type 2 collagen disorder-like phenotype. © 2014. Source

Fujita A.,Yokohama City University | Kusaka K.,Center for Pulmonary Disease | Tanaka H.,National Rehabilitation Center for Children with Disabilities | Miyake N.,Yokohama City University | Matsumoto N.,Yokohama City University
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2015

Distal arthrogryposis (DA) encompasses a heterogeneous group of hereditary disorders with multiple congenital contractures predominant in the distal extremities. A total of 10 subtypes are proposed based on the pattern of contractures and association with extraarticular symptoms. DA5 is defined as a subtype with ptosis/oculomotor limitation. However, affected individuals have a variety of non-ocular features as well. We report on a two-generation family, including four affected individuals who all had congenital contractures of the distal joints, ptosis, restricted ocular movements, distinct facial appearance with deep-set eyes, and shortening of the 1st and 5th toes. The proband and her affected mother had restrictive lung disease, a recently recognized syndromic component of DA5, while younger patients did not. The proband had metacarpal and metatarsal synostosis, and the mother showed excavation of the optic disk. Whole-exome sequencing revealed a novel heterozygous mutation c.4456G>C (p.A1486P) of PIEZO2. PIEZO2 encodes a mechanosensitive ion channel, malfunction of which provides pleiotropic effects on joints, ocular muscles, lung function, and bone development. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Saitsu H.,Yokohama City University | Nishimura T.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Nishimura T.,University of Tokyo | Muramatsu K.,Gunma University | And 18 more authors.
Nature Genetics | Year: 2013

Static encephalopathy of childhood with neurodegeneration in adulthood (SENDA) is a recently established subtype of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA). By exome sequencing, we found de novo heterozygous mutations in WDR45 at Xp11.23 in two individuals with SENDA, and three additional WDR45 mutations were identified in three other subjects by Sanger sequencing. Using lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) derived from the subjects, aberrant splicing was confirmed in two, and protein expression was observed to be severely impaired in all five. WDR45 encodes WD-repeat domain 45 (WDR45). WDR45 (also known as WIPI4) is one of the four mammalian homologs of yeast Atg18, which has an important role in autophagy. Lower autophagic activity and accumulation of aberrant early autophagic structures were demonstrated in the LCLs of the affected subjects. These findings provide direct evidence that an autophagy defect is indeed associated with a neurodegenerative disorder in humans. Source

Taira T.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Ueta T.,Spinal Injuries Center | Katayama Y.,Nihon University | Kimizuka M.,National Rehabilitation Center for Children with Disabilities | And 6 more authors.
Neuromodulation | Year: 2013

Objective To evaluate the incidence of complications of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy for spasticity in Japan, where a unique training course and nationwide registration are required. Materials and Methods An analysis of complications was performed in all patients who underwent ITB in Japan from 2005 to 2011. Prior to surgery, all the doctors involved took a one-day training course, which included hands-on training. Surgical techniques that avoided complications were emphasized. Results A total of 406 pumps were implanted in 400 patients (277 men, 123 women) having severe spasticity. Because this study is currently in progress, among the 400 patients, 78.3% (313/400) had finished a one-year observation follow-up. There were 369 adult and 31 juvenile (under 17 years old) patients, including 12 patients under nine years old. All-cause adverse events were seen in 148 patients (37%), and 93 (23.3%) of these were regarded as severe. Catheter problems were observed in 34 (8.5%) patients: catheter migration in 25 (6.3%), breakage in 6 (1.5%), obstruction in 2 (0.5%), kinking in 1 (0.3%), and dislodgement in 1 (0.3%). Pump trouble was observed in seven (1.8%) patients: alarm abnormality in one (0.3%), memory error in one (0.3%), delayed recovery in one (0.3%), rotation in one (0.3%), malfunction in one (0.3%), and abnormal infusion rate in two (0.6%). Device-related and surgical wound infection occurred in 12 patients (3%), and nine were regarded as severe. Leakage or subcutaneous accumulation of the cerebrospinal fluid was seen in 13 patients (3.3%). Conclusion The requirement of taking of a training course before starting ITB seemed to reduce complications. Although there were surgery-related complications, the rate of complications in Japan appeared to be lower than those reported in larger series of ITB. However, whether the reported rates can be primarily ascribed to a mandatory training course requires further investigations. © 2012 International Neuromodulation Society. Source

Takeshita E.,National Center Hospital | Takeshita E.,Dokkyo Medical University | Takeshita E.,National Institute of Neuroscience | Nakagawa E.,National Center Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Brain and Development | Year: 2012

Angiotensin II type-2 receptor gene (AGTR2) mutations have been recently detected in patients with mental retardation. AGTR2 plays a role in central nervous system development and cognitive functions. We identified a novel missense mutation of c.572G>A (p.G191E) in a 6-year-old boy showing severe mental retardation, pervasive developmental disorder, and epilepsy. This is the first report on . AGTR2 mutation in a Japanese boy with mental retardation. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Source

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