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Borrelli L.,University of Naples Federico II | Fioretti A.,University of Naples Federico II | Russo T.P.,University of Naples Federico II | Barco L.,National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella | And 4 more authors.
Avian Pathology | Year: 2013

Forty common swifts (Apus apus), synanthropic birds living in an urban environment closely with humans and other animals, were hospitalized in the public veterinary hospital of the Regional Reference Center of Urban Veterinary Hygiene located in Naples, Campania Region, Italy. Each bird was sampled for bacteriological analyses. Out of 40 common swifts examined, eight were found positive for Salmonella enterica serovar Infantis although no sign of salmonellosis (e.g. diarrhoea) was shown. This is believed to be the first report of Salmonella spp. infection in common swifts. Our results suggest this avian species as a novel potential reservoir for one of most important Salmonella serovars. © 2013 Copyright Houghton Trust Ltd. Source


Lisa B.,National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella | Federica B.,National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella | Enzo C.,National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella | Elena R.,National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella | And 4 more authors.
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2015

The current picture of human salmonellosis shows S. Typhimurium and S. 4,[5],12:i:- as the most common serovars in Italy. The aims of this study were to investigate the genetic relationship between these serovars, as well as to test the possibility of inferring sources of human salmonellosis due to S. Typhimurium and S. 4,[5],12:i:- by using MLVA subtyping data. Single isolates from 268 human sporadic cases and 325 veterinary isolates (from pig, cattle, chicken and turkey) collected over the period 2009-2011 were typed by MLVA, and the similarities of MLVA profiles were investigated using different analytical approaches. Results showed that isolates of S. 4,[5],12:i:- were more clonal compared to S. Typhimurium and that clones of both serovars from different non-human sources were very close to those which were responsible for human infections, suggesting that source attribution by MLVA typing should be possible. However, using the Asymmetric Island Model it was not possible to obtain a confident ranking of sources responsible for human infections based on MLVA profiles. The source assignments provided by the model could have been jeopardized by the high heterogeneity found within each source and the negligible divergence between sources as well as by the limited source data available, especially for some species. © 2015 Barco, Barrucci, Cortini, Ramon, Olsen, Luzzi, Lettini and Ricci. Source


Barco L.,National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella | Mancin M.,National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella | Ruffa M.,National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella | Saccardin C.,National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella | And 5 more authors.
Zoonoses and Public Health | Year: 2012

Salmonella enterica 4,[5],12:i:- is a monophasic variant of S. Typhimurium. In the last decade, its prevalence rose sharply. Although S. 4,[5],12:i:- and S. Typhimurium are known to pose a considerable public health risk, there is no detailed information on the circulation of these serovars in Italy, particularly as far as veterinary isolates are concerned. For this reason, a data set of 877 strains isolated in the north-east of Italy from foodstuffs, animals and environment was analysed during 2005-2010. The Random Forests (RF) method was used to identify the most important epidemiological and phenotypic variables to show the difference between the two serovars. Both descriptive analysis and RF revealed that S. 4,[5],12:i:- is less heterogeneous than S. Typhimurium. RF highlighted that phage type was the most important variable to differentiate the two serovars. The most common phage types identified for S. 4,[5],12:i:- were DT20a, U311 and DT193. The same phage types were also found in S. Typhimurium isolates, although with a much lower prevalence. DT7 and DT120 were ascribed to the two serovars at comparable levels. DT104, DT2 and DT99 were ascribed exclusively to S. Typhimurium, and almost all the other phage types identified were more related to the latter serovar. Such data confirm that phage typing can provide an indication of the biphasic or monophasic state of the strains investigated and could therefore support serotyping results. However, phage typing cannot be used as the definitive method to differentiate the two serovars, as part of the phage types were detected for both serovars and, in particular, all phage types found for S. 4,[5],12:i- were found also for S. Typhimurium. © 2012 Blackwell Verlag GmbH. Source

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