Bouchafaa F.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene |
Boucherit M.S.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene |
Berkouk E.M.,Polytechnic National Institute Algiers
Journal of Electrical Engineering | Year: 2013
Voltage source multilevel inverters have become very attractive for power industries in power electronics applications during last years. The main purposes that have led to the development of the studies about multilevel inverters are the generation of output voltage signals with low harmonic distortion; the reduction of switching frequency. A serious constraint in a multilevel inverter is the capacitor voltage-balancing problem. The unbalance of different DC voltage sources of five-level neutral point clamping (NPC) voltage source inverter (VSI) constitutes the major limitation for the use of this new power converter. In order to stabilize these DC voltages, we propose in this paper to study the cascade constituted by three phases five-level PWM rectifier, a clamping bridge and five-level NPC (VSI). In the first part, we present a topology of five-level NPC VSI, and then they propose a model of this converter and an optimal PWM strategy to control it using four bipolar carriers. Then in the second part, we study a five-level PWM rectifier, which is controlled by a multiband hysteresis strategy. In the last part of this paper, the authors study shows particularly the problem of the stability of the multi DC voltages of the inverter and its consequence on the performances of the induction motors (IM). Then, we propose a solution to the problem by employed closed loop regulation using PI regulator type fuzzy logic controller (FLC). The results obtained with this solution confirm the good performances of the proposed solution, and promise to use the inverter in high voltage and great power applications as electrical traction. © 2013 FEI STU.