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Faniran S.,National Planning Commission-NPC | Ojudu O.,Ekiti State Government
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series

Many developing countries including Nigeria adopted various strategies to achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) with empathy on Goal one (1) which is eradication of extreme poverty by the year 2015. In Nigeria different programs were adopted by different Governments at both federal and state levels to aggressively address poverty. Social Security for indigent elderly was introduced as a step towards achieving the MDGs (1) in Ekiti State, which is one of the thirty six states in the western part of Nigeria. In 2011, a bold step was taken by the governor of Ekiti State to start social security system as a survival package to her indigent elderly. The principle behind the social security to indigent elderly was to address extreme poverty particularly among the senior citizens. Social Security is seen generally as a comprehensive program of benefits that provides workers and their dependents with retirement income, disability income, and other payments. Information and communication technology (ICT) was recognized as the only solution to effective delivery of the scheme. This made Smart tools to become a veritable tool to address the challenges identified in the manual method of prequalifying beneficiaries. This therefore placed the scheme at the front burner of e-Governance in the State. The use of smart tools greatly improved accuracy, completeness and transparency. This paper provides a case study of the use of smart tools in delivering Social Security Scheme in Ekiti State, the procedure for proper identification of beneficiaries before payment is made. Smart tools were adapted to improve the implementation of the Scheme in the wake of identified challenges. Conclusion was drawn on implication of the scheme for poverty reduction and good governance. Copyright 2014 ACM. Source

Aina F.,National Bureau of Statistics | Faniran D.,National Planning Commission-NPC | Olaniyan K.,National Bureau of Statistics
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series

This paper describes the imperative of information and communication technology for achieving timely release of official data for national development. Development planning remains a vital component of national development while timely release of official statistics to inform policy is key to effective and efficient planning. In this paper we therefore explore the imperatives of timely releases of official statistics through computer to computer communication (C2C) for national development by the apex national statistical institution in Nigeria. The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) is a statutory agency that anchors and warehouses all official statistics as well as the coordinator of Nigeria's National Statistical System. The paper reviews some of the periodic releases by the NBS and the dissemination mechanism using electronic and smart tools as a channel of using electronic transfer or electronic governance to make data communication convenient for both the data producer and user for national development. The paper also highlights the challenges of timely releases of data experienced by the NBS and the strategies put in place by the NBS to address these challenges. Finally, the paper also suggests policy recommendations for effective smart approach to data production and dissemination in Nigeria. Copyright 2014 ACM. Source

Mizanur R.M.,Pukyong National University | Mizanur R.M.,National Planning Commission-NPC | Bai S.C.,Pukyong National University
Fisheries and Aquatic Science

Seven feeding trials were conducted to determine the effects of feeding rate and frequency in the Korean rockfish Sebastes schlegeli at seven different water temperatures. Two feeding-rate experiments for 5-g Korean rockfish at 17°C and 20°C; three feeding rate experiments for 16-g Korean rockfish at 16°C and 24°C; and finally, two feeding frequency experiments for 93- and 100-g at 15°C and 20°C were conducted. Twenty fish averaging 5.5 ± 0.2 g (mean ± SD) were randomly distributed into 18 indoor tanks containing 40-L seawater from a semi-recirculation system. Fish were fed a commercial diet for 4 weeks at water temperatures of 17°C and 20°C. Two feeding trials were conducted to determine the optimum feeding frequency in growing Korean rockfish reared at temperatures of 15°C and 19°C. Broken line regression analysis of weight gain (WG) indicated that the optimum feeding rates of 5-g growing Korean rockfish were 4.48% (BW/day; BW, body weight) at 17°C and 4.83% (BW/day) at 20°C. Broken line regression analysis of WG showed optimum feeding rates of 16-g juvenile Korean rockfish of 3.41% (BW/day) at 16°C, 3.75% (BW/day) at 20°C, and 3.34% (BW/day) at 24°C. The biological performance, results, along with morphological indices and serological characteristics, suggest that a feeding frequency of 1 meal/day was optimal to improve WG in growing Korean rockfish grown from 93 to 133 g at a water temperature of 15°C, and 100 to 132 g at 19°C. © 2014 The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. Source

Singh R.,Purvanchal University | Singh M.P.,Udai Pratap Autonomous College | Singh A.P.,National Planning Commission-NPC
Urban Forestry and Urban Greening

Volatile organic compounds (VOC) are emitted by many plants. In this study, sixty common plant species of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, India were examined for VOC (isoprene and monoterpene) emissions. Plant species VOC emission rates ranged from undetectable to 75.2μgg-1h-1. Dalbergia sissoo exhibited a maximum VOC emission rate of 75.2μgg-1h-1. Ozone forming potentials (OFP) of the sixty plant species were also estimated using the method of Benjamin and Winer (1998). Maximum ozone forming potential of 77gO3(tree)-1d-1 was observed in the case of Mangifera indica. Out of 60 species, 26 species (43.3%) had low OFP (less than 1gO3(tree)-1d-1), 18 species (30%) had medium OFP (less than 1-10gO3(tree)-1d-1) and 16 species (26.7%) had high OFP (more than 10gO3(tree)-1d-1). © 2014 Elsevier GmbH. Source

Mizanur R.M.,Pukyong National University | Mizanur R.M.,National Planning Commission-NPC | Yun H.,Pukyong National University | Moniruzzaman M.,Pukyong National University | And 3 more authors.
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences

Three feeding trials were conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding rate and water temperature on growth and body composition of juvenile Korean rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli rearing at 3 different water temperatures. A total of 270 fish (each experiment) individual body weight (BW) averaging 16±0.3 g (mean±SD) were fed a commercial diet for 4 wk at 16°C, 20°C, and 24°C. At each temperature, triplicate tanks were assigned to one of 6 feeding rates: 1.5%, 2.5%, 2.8%, 3.1%, 3.4%, and satiation (3.7% BW/d) at 16°C, 1.9%, 2.9%, 3.2%, 3.5%, 3.8% and satiation (4.1% BW/d) at 20°C and 1.7%, 2.7%, 3.0%, 3.3%, 3.6%, and satiation (3.9% BW/d) at 24°C water temperature. Weight gains of fish in satiation and 3.4% groups at 16°C, in satiation and 3.8% groups at 20°C and in satiation and 3.6% groups at 24°C were significantly higher than those of fish in the other treatments (p<0.05). A broken line regression analysis of weight gain indicated that optimum feeding rates of juvenile Korean rockfish were 3.41% at 16°C, 3.75% at 20°C and 3.34% at 24°C water temperature. Results of the present study indicate that the optimum feeding rate could be >3.1% but <3.41% at 16°C,>3.5% but <3.75% at 20°C and >3.0% but <3.34% at 24°C. As we expected results suggest that fish performed better at 20°C than 16°C or 24°C water temperature and the optimum feeding rate could be 3.1% BW/d to 3.7% BW/d in 16 g of juvenile Korean rockfish. Copyright © 2014 by Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. Source

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