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Armendariz C.,University of Morelia | Alatorre S.,National Pedagogical University of Mexico
Energy Policy

Aims: Until now, the success of improved cook stoves (ICS) implementation programs has usually been measured by the number of ICS distributed. Some important research has been conducted to try to determine the effects of the use of an ICS in the user's health, but these studies are expensive and time consuming. Moreover, no evaluations show the impact of the technology in the user's lives. This study seeks to contribute to fill this gap. Scope: By applying cluster analysis techniques to survey data, the most relevant variables that explain adoption and impact were identified. Using these variables, two qualitative indexes are proposed: The adoption index considers the use of the new technology, the level of satisfaction, and the conditions of the stove. The impact index considers the changes in cooking practices and life quality brought about by the ICS. Both indexes are then applied to two implementation programs. The indexes show the differences between the program results and the user's perceptions of each technology. Conclusions: The proposed indexes can be used to measure the success of an ICS implementation program in terms of the benefits perceived by the users of these technologies. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Marvan M.L.,University of Veracruz | Alcala-Herrera V.,National Pedagogical University of Mexico
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology

Objective: To investigate the relationships between menarcheal timing and both menarcheal experience and attitudes toward menstruation in Mexican girls. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Settings: Sample of adolescents attending 10 different public schools. Participants: Mexican postmenarcheal adolescents, aged 11-16 years. Intervention: Participants answered 1 questionnaire about menarcheal experience and another about attitudes towards menstruation. Results: Early maturers (menarche before 11 years) were more likely than average (menarche at 11 or 12 years) or late maturers (menarche at 13 or more years) to state they had not known what they should do at the moment they got their first period (P < .01), that they had not felt prepared to start menstruating (P < .05), and that they thought they must keep secret the fact of already having had their first period(P < .05). Concerning their emotional reactions to menarche, early maturers were the most likely to have felt scared (P < .05), worried (P < .05) and sad (P < .05) and were the least likely to have felt calm (P < .05). They were also the most likely to show current secretive attitudes towards menstruation (P < .01). Finally, late maturers showed more positive attitudes toward menstruation than their peers (P < .01). Conclusions: These results could be useful for developing resources to help early maturing girls manage menstruation. Since these girls have limited or in some cases no time for preparation, they need special support. © 2014 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Source

De Lourdes Laraque Espinosa C.,National Pedagogical University of Mexico
CSEDU 2012 - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Supported Education

This paper aims to reflect the experience of the Department of Sociology of Education at Pedagogical University of Mexico with a project based on the use of the Moodle learning management system. Moodle is selected a flexible environment that minimizes time and space barriers and increases communicative options by offering new alternatives for tutoring and assessment. We analyze the results obtained so far and formulate some recommendations in order to improve future use of the platform. Source

Pomboza-Tamaquiza P.,Technical University of Ambato | Velastegui G.,Technical University of Ambato | Damian-Barajas A.,National Pedagogical University of Mexico
Livestock Research for Rural Development

The present work had as objective to analyze the roles of the upbringing of guinea pigs in agricultural systems and in rural society, for this, indigenous and peasant organizations of the communities (+3200 masl) of the parish of Santa Rosa, province of Tungurahua, Ecuador were selected. Structured interview to 196 heads of family and applied the participant observation with key informants were carried out. It was estimated that 96% of farmers breed guinea pigs (38 animals/family), 72% breed in pools, 75.5 % have Creole guinea pigs and the 65.4% of the Familiar Domestic Units gave great importance to the upbringing of guinea pigs. In conclusion the upbringing of guinea pigs is an activity in full force and meets roles as: provide animal protein for family consumption, play ancestral culinary traditions, express solidarity, generate income, preserve practices of traditional medicine and produce organic fertilizer for agricultural systems. The analysis suggests to consider the entire context before introducing innovations livestock. © 2016, Fundacion CIPAV. All rights reserved. Source

Verduzco I.L.,National Pedagogical University of Mexico
American Journal of Men's Health

Same-sex sexual practices among men in Mexico City are stigmatized. This article analyzes sexual practices and experiences of gay men in Mexico City and its implications on emotional and sexual health. The concept of sexual practices is used from a public health perspective, and the concept of sexual experiences from a psychological one, intending to understand both physical and emotional discomfort and pleasure in sexual contexts. The aim of this article is to analyze sexual practices and experiences of gay men in Mexico City and its implications on health, particularly emotions that can lead to depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and unsafe sex. Fifteen in-depth interviews were carried out with gay men of three generations who live in Mexico City. The data were analyzed using techniques from grounded theory to identify categories, and critical discourse analysis as an analytical approach to understand how social discourses affect subjectivity, emotions, and practices. Sexual practices and experiences are the result of homoerotic desire, which gender and heteronormative culture encourage to be kept hidden and clandestine. This leads men into risk contexts where practices are hardly negotiated, thus exposing themselves to sexually transmitted infections and abuse. These practices also produce a series of emotions such as guilt, shame, fear, and sadness that may develop into mental health issues such as depression and anxiety. Interventions at all levels must consider homophobic discrimination as part of gay men’s daily lives and should be oriented toward decreasing it, to diminish discomforting emotions and reduce the probability of unsafe sex practices. © 2014, © The Author(s) 2014. Source

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