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Okayama-shi, Japan

Chikuda H.,University of Tokyo | Seichi A.,Jichi Medical University | Takeshita K.,University of Tokyo | Matsunaga S.,Imakiire General Hospital | And 18 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2011

Study Design.: Retrospective multicenter study. Objective.: To review the clinical characteristics of traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) associated with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Summary of Background Data.: Despite its potentially devastating consequences, there is a lack of information about acute cervical SCI complicated by OPLL. Methods.: This study included consecutive patients with acute traumatic cervical SCI (Frankel A, B, and C) who were admitted within 48 hours of injury to 34 spine institutions across Japan. For analysis of neurologic outcome, patients who had completed at least a 6-month follow-up were included. Neurologic improvement was defined as at least one grade conversion in Frankel grade. Results.: A total of 453 patients were identified (367 men, 86 women; mean age, 59 years). OPLL was found in 106 (23%) patients (87 men, 19 women; mean age, 66 years). Most of the patients with OPLL (94 of 106) were without bone injury, presenting with incomplete SCI. The prevalence of OPLL reached 34% in SCI without bone injury. The cause of SCI was predominantly falls (74%). Only 25% of the patients were aware of OPLL. Half of the OPLL patients reported gait disturbance before injury. Forty-eight (52%) OPLL patients without bone injury underwent surgery (median, 13.5 days after injury), mostly laminoplasty. Overall, no significant difference was noted in neurologic improvement between surgery group and conservative group. However, further stratification showed that surgery was associated with greater neurologic recovery in patients who had gait disturbance before injury (P = 0.04). Conclusion.: Prevalence of OPLL among cervical SCI was alarmingly high, especially in those without bone injury. Most of cervical SCI associated with OPLL were incomplete, without bone injury, and caused predominantly by low-energy trauma. The majority of the patients were unaware of OPLL. Surgery produced better neurologic recovery in patients who had gait disturbance before injury. Copyright © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Unauthorized reproduction of this article is prohibited. Source

Ennishi D.,Okayama University of Science | Maeda Y.,Okayama University of Science | Niitsu N.,Saitama University | Kojima M.,Tokai University | And 16 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2010

The influence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on prognosis and hepatic toxicity in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the rituximab era is unclear. Thus, we analyzed 553 patients, 131 of whom were HCV-positive and 422 of whom were HCV-negative, with DLBCL treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (RCHOP)-like chemotherapy. Survival outcomes and hepatic toxicity were compared according to HCV infection. The median follow-up was 31 and 32 months for patients who were HCV-positive and HCV-negative, respectively. HCV infection was not a significant risk factor for prognosis (3-year progression-free survival, 69% vs 77%, P = .22; overall survival, 75% vs 84%, P = .07). Of 131 patients who were HCV-positive, 36 (27%) had severe hepatic toxicity (grade 3-4), compared with 13 of 422 (3%) patients who were HCV-negative. Multivariate analysis revealed that HCV infection was a significant risk factor for severe hepatic toxicity (hazard ratio: 14.72; 95% confidence interval, 6.37-34.03; P < .001). An exploratory analysis revealed that pre-treatment transaminase was predictive of severe hepatic toxicity. HCV-RNA levels significantly increased during immunochemotherapy (P = .006). These results suggest that careful monitoring of hepatic function and viral load is indicated during immunochemotherapy for HCV-positive patients. © 2010 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Kimura A.,Jichi Medical University | Seichi A.,Jichi Medical University | Hoshino Y.,Jichi Medical University | Yamazaki M.,Chiba University | And 21 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Science | Year: 2012

Background: Anterior decompression with fusion (ADF) for patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is reportedly associated with a higher incidence of complications than is laminoplasty. However, the frequency of perioperative complications associated with ADF for cervical OPLL has not been fully established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of perioperative complications, especially neurological complications, following ADF performed to relieve compressive cervical myelopathy due to cervical OPLL. Methods: Study participants comprised 150 patients who had undergone ADF for cervical OPLL at 27 institutions between 2005 and 2008. Perioperative - especially neurological - complications occurring within 2 weeks after ADF were analyzed. Preoperative imaging findings, including Cobb angle, between C2 and C7 and occupying ratio of OPLL were investigated. Multivariate analysis with logistic regression was performed to identify independent risk factors for neurological complications. Result: Three patients (2.0 %) showed deterioration of lower-extremity function after ADF. One of the three patients had not regained their preoperative level of function 6 months after surgery. Upper-extremity paresis occurred in 20 patients (13.3 %), five of whom had not returned to preoperative levels 6 months after surgery. Patients with upper-extremity paresis showed significantly higher occupying ratios of OPLL, greater blood loss, longer operation times, fusion of more segments, and higher rates of cerebrospinal fluid leakage than those without paresis. Independent risk factors for upper-extremity paresis were a high occupying ratio of OPLL and large blood loss during surgery. Conclusions: The incidences of deterioration in upper- and lower-extremity functions were 13.3 % and 2.0 %, respectively. Patients with a high occupying ratio of OPLL are at higher risk of developing neurological deterioration. © 2012 The Japanese Orthopaedic Association. Source

Seichi A.,Jichi Medical University | Hoshino Y.,Jichi Medical University | Kimura A.,Jichi Medical University | Nakahara S.,Jichi Medical University | And 28 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2011

STUDY DESIGN.: Retrospective multi-institutional study. OBJECTIVE.: To investigate the incidence of neurological deficits after cervical laminoplasty for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: According to analysis of long-term results, laminoplasty for cervical OPLL has been reported as a safe and effective alternative procedure with few complications. However, perioperative neurological complication rates of laminoplasty for cervical OPLL have not been well described. METHODS.: Subjects comprised 581 patients (458 men and 123 women; mean age: 62 ± 10 years; range: 30-86 years) who had undergone laminoplasty for cervical OPLL at 27 institutions between 2005 and 2008. Continuous-type OPLL was seen in 114, segmental-type in 146, mixed-type in 265, local-type in 24, and not judged in 32 patients. Postoperative neurological complications within 2 weeks after laminoplasty were analyzed in detail. Cobb angle between C2 and C7 (C2/C7 angle), maximal thickness, and occupying rate of OPLL were investigated. Pre- and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging was performed on patients with postoperative neurological complications. RESULTS.: Open-door laminoplasty was conducted in 237, double-door laminoplasty in 311, and other types of laminoplasty in 33 patients. Deterioration of lower-extremity function occurred after laminoplasty in 18 patients (3.1%). Causes of deterioration were epidural hematoma in 3, spinal cord herniation through injured dura mater in 1, incomplete laminoplasty due to vertebral artery injury while making a trough in 1, and unidentified in 13 patients. Prevalence of unsatisfactory recovery not reaching preoperative level by 6-month follow-up was 7/581 (1.2%). Mean occupying rate of OPLL for patients with deteriorated lower-extremity function was 51.2 ± 13.6% (range, 21.0%-73.3%), significantly higher than the 42.3 ± 13.0% for patients without deterioration. OPLL thickness was also higher in patients with deterioration (mean, 6.6 ± 2.2 mm) than in those without deterioration (mean, 5.7 ± 2.0 mm). No significant difference in C2/C7 lordotic angle was seen between groups. CONCLUSION.: Although most neurological deterioration can be expected to recover to some extent, the frequency of short-term neurological complications was higher than the authors expected. Copyright © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Nakajima M.,RIKEN | Takahashi A.,RIKEN | Tsuji T.,Keio University | Karasugi T.,RIKEN | And 32 more authors.
Nature Genetics | Year: 2014

Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL) is a common spinal disorder among the elderly that causes myelopathy and radiculopathy. To identify genetic factors for OPLL, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in ∼8,000 individuals followed by a replication study using an additional ∼7,000 individuals. We identified six susceptibility loci for OPLL: 20p12.3 (rs2423294: P = 1.10 × 10-13), 8q23.1 (rs374810: P = 1.88 × 10-13), 12p11.22 (rs1979679: P = 4.34 × 10-12), 12p12.2 (rs11045000: P = 2.95 × 10-11), 8q23.3 (rs13279799: P = 1.28 × 10-10) and 6p21.1 (rs927485: P = 9.40 × 10-9). Analyses of gene expression in and around the loci suggested that several genes are involved in OPLL etiology through membranous and/or endochondral ossification processes. Our results bring new insight to the etiology of OPLL. © 2014 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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