Liscaljet N.,National Museum of Natural History NCB Naturalis
Quaternary International | Year: 2012
This article describes for the first time in 50 years several proboscidean remains from the Pleistocene Philippines. The bones were excavated in the Cagayan Valley, in the northern part of the island Luzon. Since pygmy proboscideans are widely known from islands in the Mediterranean area, as well as in Indonesia and near the Californian coast, the main question that arose after studying this material is whether we are dealing with an endemic species. This article addresses questions about the taxonomy, biometry and dwarfism of endemic proboscideans. Biometrical comparisons with all available measurements from the Mediterranean area resulted in some interesting insights on pygmy proboscideans in general. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.