Lu S.-D.,National Local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Engineering Applications |
Lu S.-D.,Kunming University of Science and Technology |
Xia Y.,National Local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Engineering Applications |
Huang C.-Y.,Mengzi Metallurgy Co. |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Central South University | Year: 2014
Most Zn hydrometallurgy factories adopt Cu2SO4 as a dechlorination reagent from zinc solution nowadays, thus much CuCl residue is produced. The existing process of treating this residue is washing with water or sodium carbonate solution, which would cause a lot of troubles to water treatment and waste discharge. A method of microwave roasting was adopted for dechlorination of CuCl residue. A 1.5 kW microwave roasting equipment with dust collection and tail gas adsorption systems was set up and applied during the experiment. By investigating the effect of temperature, heat preservation time, moisture content of raw material and grain size of samples on the dechlorination, the optimal experimental condition is obtained. When the samples with 2% moisture and <150 μm grain size are microwave roasted at 400°C for 2 h, the Cl content turns from 14.27% to 1.35% and the dechlorination rate is as high as 90%, while that with conventional heating is only 60%-80%. The phase change of the roasting process investigated with X-ray diffraction verifies that CuCl in CuCl residue is removed by being transformed into CuO. © 2014 Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.