National Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China

Changsha, China

National Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China

Changsha, China
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Zuo X.,Central South University | Jiang H.,Central South University | Guo J.-F.,Central South University | Yu R.-H.,Central South University | And 10 more authors.
Neuroscience Letters | Year: 2010

Two markers rs9652490 and rs11856808 both located in intron 3 of the LINGO1 gene have been nominated recently to be associated with essential tremor (ET). Although ET and Parkinson's disease (PD) are considered as different entities, they have many overlapping clinical and pathological features. We aimed to evaluate the role of rs9652490 and rs11856808 in the development of ET and PD. To this point, we sequenced the region involving the two markers in 109 ET cases, 425 sporadic Parkinson's disease (SPD) cases and 430 controls in Chinese population. After stratification by age, the rs9652490G allele suggested protective role in the early onset PD (EOPD, age at onset ≤50 years) group compared with age matched controls (OR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.35-0.90, p=0.015). No other significant association was found. We concluded that the two markers rs9652490 and rs11856808 were not strongly related to the development of ET or late onset SPD, but the rs9652490G allele might be a protective factor for EOPD in Chinese population. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Wang L.,Central South University | Guo J.-f.,Central South University | Nie L.-l.,Central South University | Xu Q.,Central South University | And 5 more authors.
Neuroscience Letters | Year: 2010

Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene (LRRK2) are known to cause typical, late-onset familial Parkinson's disease in different geographic origins. However, there was no report about mutations of LRRK2 gene in mainland China. The 51 coding exons and intron/exon boundaries of the LRRK2 gene were sequenced in nine families with Parkinson's disease. A novel LRRK2 missense mutation resulting in a single amino acid substitution K616R was present in one family with a dominant form of PD, and not in 200 controls. The patient presented with slowly progressive resting tremor, dyskinesia, and responded well to l-dopa. In conclusion, we identified a novel mutation in LRRK2 gene, which was the first mutation of LRRK2 found in the mainland Chinese population with familial Parkinson's disease. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Guo J.,Central South University | Wei J.,Central South University | Liao S.,Central South University | Wang L.,Central South University | And 3 more authors.
Neuroscience Letters | Year: 2010

Early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (EOFAD) has been associated with mutations in three genes, of which presenilin 1 (PSEN1) mutations are the most frequent. Here we report a novel PSEN1 mutation in a Chinese family with autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease with an onset age in the early 40s. Molecular genetic analysis showed a 507-509delATC mutation at codon 169, leading to the deletion of serine in residue 169 (Ser169del). The amnestic presentation and absence of other features contrast with the other two mutations at codon 169 which have been associated with myoclonic jerks and seizures. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Liu J.,Central South University | Sun Q.-Y.,Central South University | Tang B.-S.,Central South University | Tang B.-S.,National Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China | And 8 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2011

Genetic variants of PITX3 gene have been reported to be associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) in several populations. We conducted a case-control study and genotyped the three SNPs of PITX3 gene: rs2281983, rs4919621 and rs3758549 in 512 mainland Chinese PD patients and 506 healthy controls. Our findings show that the PITX3 gene rs3758549 polymorphism is associated with PD (p = 0.02). Moreover, the difference between late onset PD patients and healthy controls is stronger (p = 0.007). There is no statistical difference in genotype or allele frequencies of rs2281983 or rs4919621 variant in PITX3 gene between sporadic PD (SPD) group and healthy control group in our study. To assess the possible role of the PITX3 gene rs3758549 polymorphism in PD, we conducted a meta-analysis on the topic. The results of meta-analysis further support that the PITX3 gene rs3758549 polymorphism is associated with PD: Z = 3.09, p = 0.002, OR = 0.89. These findings suggest that the PITX3 gene rs3758549 polymorphism may increase the susceptibility of PD. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Sun Q.-Y.,Central South University | Guo J.-F.,Central South University | Wang L.,Central South University | Yu R.-H.,Central South University | And 6 more authors.
Movement Disorders | Year: 2010

An association between mutations in the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene and Parkinson's disease (PD) has been reported in several populations. We searched for four common GBA mutations (L444P, F213I, R353W, and N370S) in 402 Chinese PD patients and 413 age- and sex-matched controls. In the PD cohort, 11 patients were found carrying a heterozygous GBA mutation and all of them had the L444P mutation. Heterozygous GBA mutations were detected none in controls. The GBA gene L444P mutation was detected at a significantly higher frequency among PD patients (11/402 = 2.74%), when compared with the control group (0/413): P 5 0.0007. To evaluate the possible role of the GBA gene L444P mutation in PD in Ashkenazi Jewish and non-Jewish populations, we conducted a meta-analysis on the topic. In the Chinese population, the GBA gene L444P mutation was detected at a significantly higher frequency among PD patients, when compared with the control group: Z = 3.83, P = 0.0001, OR = 8.42, confidence interval = 95%, 2.83-25.06. In the non-Jewish populations, the difference was obviously significant: Z = 5.76, P < 0.00001, OR = 8.82, confidence interval = 95%, 4.21-18.48. The results suggest that the GBA gene L444P mutation appears to be a risk factor for PD in Chinese population. © 2010 Movement Disorder Society.


Shi C.-H.,Central South University | Tang B.-S.,Central South University | Tang B.-S.,National Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China | Wang L.,Central South University | And 9 more authors.
Neurology | Year: 2011

Objective: Mutations in the PLA2G6 gene at the PARK14 locus have been reported in complicated parkinsonism. To assess the prevalence of and phenotypes associated with PLA2G6 gene mutations, we screened PLA2G6 mutations in a cohort of patients with autosomal recessive early-onset parkinsonism (AREP). Methods: We selected 12 families with AREP in which the Parkin, PINK1, DJ-1, ATP13A2, and FBXO7 gene mutations had been previously excluded. All patients came from the mainland of China. The entire PLA2G6 coding region and exon-intron boundaries were sequenced from genomic DNA templates. We then performed PET studies on individuals in the pedigree with a homozygous PLA2G6 mutation, and investigated the enzyme activity level of the mutation. Results: A homozygous missense mutation, c.G991T (p.D331Y), was identified in an autosomal recessive case. A younger sister of the p.D331Y-carrying patient was also homozygous for the mutation, but with no extrapyramidal symptoms. A PET study showed a substantial reduction in dopamine transporter (DAT) binding in the p.D331Y patient, and a slight reduction in DAT binding in his sister. In vitro, we experimentally demonstrate that the D331Y mutation caused an approximately 70%reduction in enzyme activity. Conclusions: We have confirmed that the PLA2G6 gene allocated PARK14 locus and is associated with AREP. Copyright © 2011 by AAN Enterprises, Inc.


Guo J.-F.,Central South University | Zhang X.-W.,Central South University | Nie L.-L.,Central South University | Zhang H.-N.,Central South University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Neurology | Year: 2010

Early onset parkinsonism (EOP) has been associated with mutations in the Parkin, PINK1, and DJ-1 genes. We studied the prevalence of mutations in all three genes in 127 unrelated Chinese patients with apparently sporadic EOP using direct sequencing analysis and real-time quantitative PCR analysis assay. There are 16 patients (12.6%) with mutations of Parkin gene, four patients (3.1%) with mutations of PINK1 gene, and three patients (2.4%) with mutation of DJ-1 gene. In conclusion, Parkin gene mutation is the most common pathogenic factor in Chinese patients with sporadic EOP. Mutations of DJ-1 and PINK1 gene are also found in Chinese patients with sporadic EOP. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Yuan X.-L.,Central South University | Guo J.-F.,Central South University | Shi Z.-H.,Academia Sinica, China | Shi Z.-H.,Hebei Normal University | And 5 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2010

The identification of rare monogenic forms of Parkinson's disease (PD) has provided tremendous insights into the molecular pathogenesis of the disorder. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are thought to play a prominent role in the pathogenesis of PD, but how the monogenic mutation gene causes the disease onset or progression is largely unknown. In this study we investigated the effects of wild-type and R492X mutation in the PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1). Cell cultures show that R492X PINK1 mutation induces the generation of cellular reactive oxidative species (ROS), degrades cell membrane potential, causes cytochrome C (Cyt.C) release from mitochondrial to cytoplasm, attenuates mitochondrial complex I activity, and lastly, causes changes in mitochondrial numbers and morphology; especially when cells are treated with 1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+). Our results suggest that the R492X mutation can cause mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress and can associate with MPP+ to induce mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


Hu Y.,Central South University | Tang B.,Central South University | Tang B.,National Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China | Guo J.,Central South University | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Neurology | Year: 2012

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. The presence of Lewy bodies is a major pathological change of PD. α-synuclein is the main component of Lewy bodies and is encoded by the SNCA gene. Mutations in the SNCA gene mainly result in rare familial forms of PD, while genetic variability in the SNCA gene modulates susceptibility to sporadic PD. Recent studies have suggested that levels of α-synuclein in extracellular biological fluid are associated with PD and implicated α-synuclein as a potential biomarker for PD diagnosis and severity. We studied serum α-synuclein concentration and two polymorphic variants of SNCA (Rep1 and rs11931074) in 110 sporadic PD patients and 136 controls. We further explored the influence of the two polymorphisms on the expression levels of serum α-synuclein. Soluble α-synuclein was detected in serum in all subjects, with no statistically significant difference between PD patients and controls (p = 0.611). Different Rep1 alleles and genotypes did not influence the expression of serum α-synuclein. The frequency of allele T of rs11931074 was significantly elevated in PD patients (p = 0.041), and was correlated with decreased serum α-synuclein in both dominant (p = 0.011) and additive (p = 0.008) models of association. © Springer-Verlag 2011.


He Y.,Central South University | He Y.,The Second Affiliated Hospital of XinXiang Medical College | Xun G.,Central South University | Xia K.,National Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China | And 4 more authors.
Psychiatry Research | Year: 2011

The present study genotyped four SNPs (rs736707, rs2229864, rs362691, and rs2073559) of the Reelin gene (RELN) in 165 autistic trios, 67 sporadic autistic children and 283 healthy controls with Chinese Han pedigree. Both case-control analysis and transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) found no evidence of significant association. The results do not support previous positive findings and suggest that the four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of RELN are unlikely to be associated with childhood autism in Chinese Han population. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

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