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Zheng X.-M.,National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic ImprovementInstitute of Crop Sciencesthe Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijing100081China | Wang J.,National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic ImprovementInstitute of Crop Sciencesthe Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijing100081China | Qiao W.,National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic ImprovementInstitute of Crop Sciencesthe Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijing100081China | Zhang L.,National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic ImprovementInstitute of Crop Sciencesthe Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijing100081China | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Integrative Plant Biology | Year: 2015

Due to the remarkable adaptability to various environments, rice varieties with diverse flowering times have been domesticated or improved from Oryza rufipogon. Detailed knowledge of the genetic factors controlling flowering time will facilitate understanding the adaptation mechanism in cultivated rice and enable breeders to design appropriate genotypes for distinct preferences. In this study, four genes (Hd1, DTH8, Ghd7 and OsPRR37) in a rice long-day suppression pathway were collected and sequenced in 154, 74, 69 and 62 varieties of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa) respectively. Under long-day conditions, varieties with nonfunctional alleles flowered significantly earlier than those with functional alleles. However, the four genes have different genetic effects in the regulation of flowering time: Hd1 and OsPRR37 are major genes that generally regulate rice flowering time for all varieties, while DTH8 and Ghd7 only regulate regional rice varieties. Geographic analysis and network studies suggested that the nonfunctional alleles of these suppression loci with regional adaptability were derived recently and independently. Alleles with regional adaptability should be taken into consideration for genetic improvement. The rich genetic variations in these four genes, which adapt rice to different environments, provide the flexibility needed for breeding rice varieties with diverse flowering times. © 2015 The Authors. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology published by Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd on behalf of Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Source

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