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Kim J.Y.,National Institutes of Health and 187 Osong Saengmyeong2 ro | Park K.J.,National Institutes of Health and 187 Osong Saengmyeong2 ro | Kim G.H.,National Institutes of Health and 187 Osong Saengmyeong2 ro | Jeong E.A.,National Institutes of Health and 187 Osong Saengmyeong2 ro | And 7 more authors.
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2013

In obese Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats, ER stress is associated with insulin resistance and pancreatic β-cell dysfunction; however the exact mechanisms by which ER stress drives type-2 diabetes remain uncertain. Here, we investigated the role of ATF3 on the preventive regulation of AMPK against ER stress-mediated β-cell dysfunction during the end-stage progression of hyperglycemia in ZDF rats. The impaired glucose metabolism and β-cell dysfunction were significantly increased in late-diabetic phase 19-week-old ZDF rats. Although AMPK phosphorylation reduced in 6- and 12-week-old ZDF rats was remarkably increased at 19. weeks, the increases of lipogenice genes, ATF3, and ER stress or ROS-mediated β-cell dysfunction were still remained, which were attenuated by in vivo-injection of chemical chaperon tauroursodeoxycholate (TUDCA), chronic AICAR, or antioxidants. ATF3 did not directly affect AMPK phosphorylation, but counteracts the preventive effects of AMPK for high glucose-induced β-cell dysfunction. Moreover, knockdown of ATF3 by delivery of in vivo-jetPEI ATF3 siRNA attenuated ER stress-mediated β-cell dysfunction and enhanced the beneficial effect of AICAR. Our data suggest that ATF3 may play as a counteracting regulator of AMPK and thus promote β-cell dysfunction and the development of type-2 diabetes and could be a potential therapeutic target in treating type-2 diabetes. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

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