National Institutes of Food and Drug Control

Beijing, China

National Institutes of Food and Drug Control

Beijing, China

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PubMed | National Institutes of Food and Drug Control and Peking University
Type: | Journal: The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology | Year: 2015

The transcription factor AP-1 plays an important role in inflammation and cell survival. Using a dual-luciferase reporter assay system and a library of 940 candidate human secretory protein cDNA clones, we identified that CGREF1 can inhibit the transcriptional activity of AP-1. We demonstrated that CGREF1 is secreted via the classical secretory pathway through the ER-to-Golgi apparatus. Functional investigations revealed that overexpression of CGREF1 can significantly inhibit the phosphorylation of ERK and p38 MAPK, and suppress the proliferation of HEK293T and HCT116 cells. Conversely, specific siRNAs against CGREF1 can increase the transcriptional activity of AP-1. These results clearly indicated that CGREF1 is a novel secretory protein, and plays an important role in regulation of AP-1 transcriptional activity and cell proliferation.

Wang L.-C.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control
Chinese Journal of Biologicals | Year: 2012

Objective: To dynamically monitor the stability of virulence of challenge strain, stored in liquid nitrogen, for determination of potency of pertussis vaccine. Methods: After B. pertussis seeds was resuscitated and subcultured for 3 passages, the bacterial lawns were collected, diluted by turbidimetry, distributed and stored in liquid nitrogen. The virulence of the B. pertussis strain was monitored dynamically every year from 2008-2010 by modified challenge test in mouse brain, of which the stability was evaluated. Results: No significant change was observed in the virulence of challenge strain of B. pertussis after storage in liquid nitrogen, idnicating high stability. Conclusion: The virulence of challenge strain of B. pertussis was stable after storage in liquid nitrogen, indicating that liquid nitrogen was suitable for storage of challenge strain of B. pertussis for potency test of pertusssis vaccine.

Chen M.-L.,General Hospital of PLA | Miao L.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Cao J.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Ip S.-P.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Che C.-T.,University of Illinois at Chicago
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2012

Five Seeds Combo (Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan) is a traditional Chinese herbal formula composed of Fructus Lycii, Semen Cuscutae, Fructus Rubi, Semen Plantaginis, and Fructus Schisandrae. This herbal prescription has been developed into herbal products by many pharmaceutical manufacturers for treating age-related symptoms. The present study aims to develop an analytical method for the quality control of this herbal drug. Nine active ingredients including schisantherin A, schisandrin B, schisandrin, schisandrin A, quercitrin, betaine, verbascoside, hyperoside, and kaempferol were selected as the targeted analytes for the analysis. By using liquid chromatogram/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MS), the nine chemical compounds were determined simultaneously from the chromatogram. The parameters for MS were optimized by orthogonal array testing and the best condition of the MS for the determination of the nine marker compounds was found to be 175, 75, and 700 V for fragmentor, skimmer, and voltage of capillary, respectively. The method validation showed that this analytical method had high precision and sensitivity (limit of quantitation was smaller than 10 ng/mL for most of the analytes). The method was found to be able to demonstrate the quality of Five Seeds Combo from different manufacturers. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Guan J.,Peking Union Medical College | Zhu Z.,Peking Union Medical College | Zhao R.C.,Peking Union Medical College | Xiao Z.,CAS Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology | And 11 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2013

Studies have suggested that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have therapeutic effects following traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, cell distribution and survival rate are two major barriers to their success as therapeutic treatment. The improvement of cell therapy using collagen delivery matrices had been reported. However, we know very little about the mechanisms. We labeled human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer, 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG). hMSCs were transplanted with or without collagen scaffolds into rats with experimental TBI and the whole-body nuclear images were compared. Collagen scaffolds increased the retention of hBMSC in the lesion site and limited its distribution at the transplanted region. Significantly more hMSCs were detected in the brain when transplanted with collagen scaffolds. The results showed collagen scaffolds also efficiently improved cell survival and neurite outgrowth invivo, resulting in better neural functional recovery. In addition, brain metabolism also improved in the collagen scaffold implanted group, as evaluated by PET. We speculated that collagen scaffolds would improve early engraftment and support the survival of grafted cells post-transplantation. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Wang L.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Rao C.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Gao K.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Li Y.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

This collaborative study developed the first national Escherichia coli (E. coli) DNA reference standard for standardizing quantitative residual DNA assay methods, fluorescence dye (PicoGreen) and quantitative PCR (q-PCR), which were widely employed to measure residual DNA contents of prokaryotic-derived recombinant products. High purity of E. coli strain BL21 was extracted by the cetyl triethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB)/phenol chloroform method, analyzed by UV-visible spectrophotometry and electrophoresis, diluted with tris-EDTA (TE) buffer and manually dispensed. Then, with a cooperative calibration among six laboratories, including five manufacturers and one national control laboratory, the concentration of E. coli DNA standard solution was determined as 96.2 μg/mL (95% C.I: 95.5-96.9 μg/mL, CV 3.4%). The candidate showed excellent stability both from accelerated degradation study and real time stability study. The applicability study showed that the E. coli DNA reference could reach the sensitivity of 0.781 ng/mL and 1 fg/μL, respectively, in fluorescent dye and q-PCR assay, and also had good linearity and precision. The consistency of the reference could meet the requirements of the national reference standard. As a conclusion, the candidate material was suitable to serve as a China national standard for E. coli residual DNA determination. The successful establishment of the E. coli DNA standard will facilitate the standardization of quantitative methods for testing residual host cell DNA. © 2013 Wang et al.

Xu S.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Song A.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Nie J.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | Li X.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Virology | Year: 2012

Background: Several commercially available HIV-1 viral load assays based on real-time detection technology and automated platforms are available. It is not clear how the diversity of HIV-1 genotypes impacts the ability to consistently detect HIV-1 viral loads. Objectives: To examine whether the diversity of HIV-1 genotypes impacts the ability of the Cobas AmpliPrep/Cobas TaqMan HIV-1 test version 2.0 (CAP/CTM v2.0), its version 1.0 (CAP/CTM v1.0) and the NucliSens EasyQ HIV-1 version 2.0 (EasyQ v2.0) assays to consistently determine the viral loads. Study design: The three assays were used to measure the viral load in 178 plasma samples with diverse genotypes from treatment-naive patients. Results: CAP/CTM v2.0 showed significant correlation and high agreement with CAP/CTM v1.0 and EasyQ v2.0. CAP/CTM v2.0 showed excellent detection of clade B samples compared with CAP/CTM v1.0 and EasyQ v2.0. However, significant differences were observed when using CAP/CTM v2.0 to test clade BC and AE samples. The HIV-1 load measured by CAP/CTM v2.0 differed by >0.5. log. IU/ml in 59.52% and 72.62% of clade BC samples, and in 57.14% and 85.71% of clade AE samples, compared with CAP/CTM v1.0 and EasyQ v2.0, respectively. CAP/CTM v2.0 was more precise (13.18%) than EasyQ v2.0 (29.21%), and both assays showed good linearity (R≥ 0.9926). Conclusions: The three assays may not deliver consistent results for samples belonging to clades BC and AE. It is strongly suggested that the version of the HIV-1 viral load assay used initially is also used at follow-up. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Yu Y.-Z.,Beijing Institute of Biotechnology | Guo J.-P.,Academy of Military Medical science | An H.-J.,Navy General Hospital | Zhang S.-M.,National Institutes of Food and Drug Control | And 3 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2013

Human botulism is commonly associated with botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) serotypes A, B, E and F. This suggests that the greatest need is for a tetravalent vaccine that provides protection against all four of these serotypes. In current study, we investigated the feasibility of generating several tetravalent vaccines that protected mice against the four serotypes. Firstly, monovalent replicon vaccine against BoNT induced better antibody response and protection than that of corresponding conventional DNA vaccine. Secondly, dual-expression DNA replicon pSCARSE/FHc or replicon particle VRP-E/FHc vaccine was well resistant to the challenge of BoNT/E and BoNT/F mixture as a combination vaccine composed of two monovalent replicon vaccines. Finally, the dual-expression DNA replicon or replicon particle tetravalent vaccine could simultaneously and effectively neutralize and protect the four BoNT serotypes. Protection correlated directly with serum ELISA titers and neutralization antibody levels to BoNTs. Therefore, replicon-based DNA or particle might be effective vector to develop BoNT vaccines, which might be more desirable for use in clinical application than the conventional DNA vaccines. Our studies demonstrate the utility of combining dual-expression DNA replicon or replicon particle vaccines into multi-agent formulations as potent tetravalent vaccines for eliciting protective responses to four serotypes of BoNTs. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

PubMed | National Institutes of Food and Drug Control
Type: | Journal: Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP | Year: 2016

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been recently recognized as promising non-invasive biomarkers for detecting the organ injuries. To further understand the sensibility and reliability of miRNA measurements in urine sample for predicting drug-induced early nephrotoxicity, a global urinary miRNA expression analysis was performed in the rodent models with gentamicin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). Male Wistar rats were daily administrated with gentamicin (0, 60, and 120mg/kg) for up to 10 days by intraperitoneal injection, and the miRNA profiling of animal urine samples were subsequently analyzed using TaqMan() Array Rodent miRNA Cards. The results showed that four miRNAs (mmu-miR-138-5p, mmu-miR-1971, mmu-miR-218-1-3p, and rno-miR-489) were continuously increased in urine samples since day 4 after administration with gentamicin, which was not reflected by the standard markers such as serum creatinine (Cr) and urea nitrogen (BUN). Furthermore, other nine urinary miRNAs were increased in both 60 and 120mg/kg groups on day 8. Receiver operator characteristics analysis demonstrated that the performance of these miRNAs with time- or dose-dependent increases were comparable to standard biomarkers (i.e. serum Cr and BUN), suggesting that the urinary miRNA panel can be used as potential biomarkers for the detection of gentamicin-induced AKI in rats. Moreover, the computer prediction analysis showed that these differentially expressed miRNAs were potentially targeted to many genes, which were mainly associated with the regulation of metabolic process and signaling. These data will improve the understanding and prediction of toxicology processes induced by nephrotoxicants.

PubMed | University of Turku, National Institutes of Food and Drug Control, Capital Medical University and Nankai University
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2015

Herd immunity can potentially induce a change of circulating viruses. However, it remains largely unknown that how bacterial pathogens adapt to vaccination. In this study, Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough, was selected as an example to explore possible effect of vaccination on the bacterial pathogen. We sequenced and analysed the complete genomes of 40 B. pertussis strains from Finland and China, as well as 11 previously sequenced strains from the Netherlands, where different vaccination strategies have been used over the past 50 years. The results showed that the molecular clock moved at different rates in these countries and in distinct periods, which suggested that evolution of the B. pertussis population was closely associated with the country vaccination coverage. Comparative whole-genome analyses indicated that evolution in this human-restricted pathogen was mainly characterised by ongoing genetic shift and gene loss. Furthermore, 116 SNPs were specifically detected in currently circulating ptxP3-containing strains. The finding might explain the successful emergence of this lineage and its spread worldwide. Collectively, our results suggest that the immune pressure of vaccination is one major driving force for the evolution of B. pertussis, which facilitates further exploration of the pathogenicity of B. pertussis.

PubMed | b AGTC Gene Technology Co. and National Institutes of Food and Drug Control
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics | Year: 2016

Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) 2 vector gene therapy offers promise for the healing of Rheumatoid arthritis. To support the clinical development of the candidate gene therapeutic product in China, a comprehensive preclinical safety assessment of rAAV2 encoding human TNF receptor-immunoglobulin Fc fusion gene (rAAV2/human TNFR:Fc), were conducted in 3 species of experimental animals. No abnormal findings were observed in mice following single intravenous administration with test article. Compared with the control group, no differences in mean body weight, food consumption in rats and monkeys following the repeated intraarticular administration with rAAV2/human TNFR:Fc. There were also no significant adverse effects due to treatment noted by clinical chemistry, hematology and pathology assessments. After intraarticular administration with rAAV2/human TNFR:Fc, the vector DNA initially distributed to spleen, lymph nodes, and joint synovium. The vector DNA cleared rapidly as it could be detected mainly at the site of injection by 91 d post-administration (182 d for monkey). Taken together, localized delivery of rAAV2/human TNFR:Fc showed no significant toxicity in mice, rats, and monkeys, which support the planned clinical evaluation of this product.

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