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Costa-Motta F.M.,Hospital Of Clinicas | Costa-Motta F.M.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Acosta A.X.,National Institute on Population Medical Genetics | Acosta A.X.,Goncalo Moniz Research Center | And 12 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism | Year: 2011

Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of arylsulphatase B. The incidence of MPS VI is very low, usually less than 1 case for every 1,000,000 newborns. In Northeast Brazil we identified in the county of Monte Santo (52,360 inhabitants) thirteen patients with MPS VI. The aim of this work was to identify the mutation(s) present in these patients and analyze intragenic SNPs to define possible haplotypes. The 13 MPS VI patients were found to be homozygous for the p.H178L mutation. All patients have the same haplotype for the intragenic SNPs. Based on current data, the prevalence of MPS VI in this region is estimated as 1:5,000 newborns. These results, together with pedigree analysis, strongly suggest a founder effect accounting for the high frequency of p.H178L mutation in this area. This reinforces the need of a comprehensive community genetics program for this area. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


Costa-Motta F.M.,Hospital Of Clinicas Of Porto Alegre | Costa-Motta F.M.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Costa-Motta F.M.,Catholic University of Pelotas | Bender F.,Hospital Of Clinicas Of Porto Alegre | And 21 more authors.
Human Heredity | Year: 2014

Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI - Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome) is a globally rare lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of arylsulfatase B. However, in Monte Santo, a poor and isolated rural region in Northeast Brazil with large family sizes and high rates of community endogamy and parental consanguinity (α = 0.00483), 9 living and 4 now deceased individuals in 11 kindreds have been diagnosed with MPS VI, all with the same p.H178L missense founder mutation. A further 33 deceased persons have been identified by family members as exhibiting the disease phenotype. Detailed pedigrees were constructed for the 13 genomically confirmed MPS VI patients, with blood samples collected from 236 unaffected family members to determine the prevalence of the p.H178L mutation. A total of 98 (20.8%) mutant alleles and 374 (79.2%) normal alleles were identified, with 41.5% of the individuals heterozygous for the p.H178L mutation and 58.5% homozygous for the normal allele. A significant number of other family members with a 50 or 25% chance of being heterozygous for the p.H178L mutation were unavailable for testing. The data indicate a compelling case for community-based neonatal screening in conjunction with further initiatives among MPS VI family members to promote genetic education and genetic counselling. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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