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Salvatore M.A.,National Institute of Statistics | Baglio G.,Istituto per Lo Sviluppo della Formazione Professionale Dei Lavoratori | Cacciani L.,Istituto per Lo Sviluppo della Formazione Professionale Dei Lavoratori | Spagnolo A.,Istituto per Lo Sviluppo della Formazione Professionale Dei Lavoratori | Rosano A.,Istituto per Lo Sviluppo della Formazione Professionale Dei Lavoratori
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health | Year: 2013

In Italy, work-related injuries among immigrant workers are an emerging concern. In this study, we compared the occurrence of work-related injuries between legally residing immigrants from High Migration Pressure Countries and Italians and evaluated the associations with potential risk factors. Using data from the 2007 Labour Force Survey conducted by Italy's National Institute of Statistics, we examined the relationship between the occurrence of work-related injuries in the previous 12 months and being an immigrant among a nationally representative sample. The occurrence of work-related injuries was significantly higher among immigrant males compared to Italian males (adjusted OR = 1.82; 95 % CI 1.53-2.16), particularly in the construction sector, for which the results showed a U-shaped trend of the odds ratios of injuries for immigrants compared to Italians with increasing number of years of work in the same job. No associations were found among women. The findings suggest that prevention programs need to be implemented to limit the burden of work-related injuries among immigrants. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Federico B.,University of Cassino and Southern Lazio | Federico B.,Erasmus Medical Center | Mackenbach J.P.,Erasmus Medical Center | Eikemo T.A.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health | Year: 2013

Background: Previous studies have shown that mortality inequalities are smaller in Italy than in most European countries. This may be due to the weak association between socioeconomic status and smoking in Italy. However, most published studies were based on data from a single city in northern Italy (Turin). In this study, we aimed to assess the size of mortality inequalities in Italy as a whole, their geographical pattern of variation within Italy, and the contribution of smoking to these inequalities. Methods: Participants in the National Health Interview Survey 1999-2000 were followed up for mortality until 31 December 2007. Using Cox regression, we computed the age-adjusted relative index of inequality (RII) for allcause mortality with and without controlling for smoking status and intensity. Education was used as an indicator of socioeconomic status. Results: Among 72 762 individuals aged 30-74 years at baseline, 4092 died during the follow-up. The ageadjusted RII of mortality was 1.69 (95% CI 1.44 to 2.00) among men and 1.43 (95% CI 1.13 to 1.82) among women. Among men, inequalities were larger in both northern and southern regions than in the middle of the country, whereas among women they were larger in the south. After controlling for smoking RII decreased to 1.63 (95% CI 1.38 to 1.92) among men and increased to 1.54 (95% CI 1.21 to 1.96) among women. The geographical variation in mortality inequalities was not affected by smoking adjustment. Conclusions: Mortality inequalities in Italy are smaller than in most European countries. This is due, among other factors, to the weak socioeconomic pattern of smoking over the past decades in Italy. Source

Singh P.N.,Loma Linda University | Yel D.,World Health Organization | Kheam T.,National Institute of Statistics | Hurd G.,Loma Linda University | Job J.S.,Loma Linda University
Tobacco Induced Diseases | Year: 2013

Background: Cambodia has very high rates of tuberculosis and smoked tobacco use among adults. Efforts to control both tobacco use and tuberculosis in Cambodia need to be informed by nationally representative data. Our objective is to examine the relation between daily cigarette smoking and lifetime tuberculosis (TB) history in a national sample of adults in Cambodia. Methods. In 2011, a multi-stage, cluster sample of 15,615 adults (ages 15 years and older) from all regions of Cambodia were administered the Global Adult Tobacco Survey by interviewers from the National Institute of Statistics of Cambodia. Results: Our findings include: 1) among daily smokers, a significant positive relation between TB and number of cigarettes smoked per day (OR = 1.70 [95% CI 1.01, 2.87]) and pack-years of smoking (OR = 1.53 [95% CI 1.05, 2.25]) 2) a non-significant 58% increase in odds of ever having being diagnosed with TB among men who smoked manufactured cigarettes (OR = 1.58 [95% CI 0.97, 2.58]). Conclusion: In Cambodia, manufactured cigarette smoking was associated with lifetime TB infection and the association was most evident among the heaviest smokers (> 1 pack per day, > 30 pack years). © 2013 Singh et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Mariani G.,University of LAquila | Dolce A.,National Institute of Statistics | Batorova A.,University Hospital | Auerswald G.,Central Hospital | And 5 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2011

Excessive bleeding represents a major complication of surgical interventions and its control is especially relevant in patients with Congenital Bleeding Disorders (CBD). In factor VII (FVII) deficiency, scanty data on surgery is available to guide treatment strategies. The STER (Seven Treatment Evaluation Registry) is a multi-centre, prospective, observational, web-based study protocol providing the frame for a structured and detailed data collection. Inhibitor occurrence was checked in a centralized fashion. Forty-one surgical operations (24 'major' and 17 'minor') were performed in 34 subjects with a carefully characterized FVII deficiency under the coverage of recombinant activated Factor VII (rFVIIa). Bleeding occurred during three major interventions of orthopaedic surgery, but rFVIIa was given at very low dose in each case. An antibody to FVII was observed in one patient who underwent a multiple dental extraction. No thromboses were reported during the 30-d follow up period. Replacement therapy with rFVIIa proved effective when suitable doses were used, which, during the period of maximum bleeding risk (the day of operation), were calculated (Receiver Operated Characteristic analysis) to be of at least 13 μg/kg/body weight per single dose and no less than three administrations. This indication is important especially in the case of major surgery. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Marinacci C.,Epidemiology Unit | Grippo F.,National Institute of Statistics | Pappagallo M.,National Institute of Statistics | Sebastiani G.,National Institute of Statistics | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Public Health | Year: 2013

Background: There is extensive documentation on social inequalities in mortality across Europe, showing heterogeneity among countries. Italy contributed to this comparative research, through longitudinal systems from northern or central cities of the country. This study aims to analyse educational inequalities in general and cause-specific mortality in a sample of the Italian population. Methods: Study population was selected within a cohort of 123 056 individuals, followed up for mortality through record linkage with national archive of death certificates for the period 1999-2007. People aged between 25 and 74 years were selected (n = 81 763); relative risks of death by education were estimated through Poisson models, stratified according to sex and adjusted for age and geographic area of residence. Heterogeneity of risks by area of residence was evaluated. Results: Men and women with primary education or less show 79% and 63% higher mortality risks, respectively, compared with graduates. Mortality risks seem to frequently increase with decreasing education, with a significant linear trend among men. For men, social inequalities appear related to mortality due to diseases of the circulatory system and to all neoplasms, whereas for women, they are related to inequalities in cancer mortality. Conclusions: Results from the first follow-up of a national sample highlight that Italy presents significant differences in mortality according to the socio-economic conditions of both men and women. These results not only challenge policies aimed at redistributing resources to individuals and groups, but also those policies that direct programmes and resources for treatment and prevention according to the different health needs. © 2013 The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved. Source

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