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Mabrouk L.,University of Sfax | Mabrouk L.,National Institute of science and Technology of the Sea | Ben Brahim M.,University of Sfax | Ben Brahim M.,National Institute of science and Technology of the Sea | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Marine Biology | Year: 2014

We studied spatial patterns in assemblages of epiphytic microalgae on the leaves of two seagrass species with different morphologies and longevity, Cymodocea nodosa and Posidonia oceanica, which cooccur in Chebba in Eastern Tunisia. Epiphyte assemblages were described for each species in summer. Epiphyte microalgal assemblages were more abundant on the leaves of C. nodosa but more diversified on the leaves of P. oceanica. We suggest that the differences in species composition and abundance between those seagrass species may reflect an interaction of timescales of seagrass longevity with timescales of algal reproductive biology. Short-lived C. nodosa was dominated by fast growing species such as the cyanobacteria species Oscillatoria sp., while P. oceanica leaves were colonized by more mature and diversified species such as Prorocentrales. Local environmental conditions (hydrodynamics, light penetration), host characteristics (meadow type, shapes forms of leaves, life span, and growth rate), and grazing effect seem also to be responsible for these dissimilarities in epiphytic microalgae communities. © 2014 Lotfi Mabrouk et al.

Salem F.,National Institute of Science and Technology of the Sea | Afef N.,University of Monastir | Ben Ouada H.,University of Monastir | Ben Mansour H.,University of Monastir | Ben Mansour H.,Higher Institute of Applied science and Technology of Mahdia
Bioremediation Journal | Year: 2015

Industrialization is a boon for developing countries such as Tunisia. However, textile effluents that are being discharged are environmental pollutants, extremely toxic to plants and other living organisms, including humans. The current study was conducted to determine the phytotoxic effect of textile effluents, collected near an industrial zone in the center of Tunisia (Ksar Helal), on the germination and various growth indices of durum wheat (Triticumaestivum L.). Results showed that textile effluent treatments reduced significantly the percentage of seed germination and slowed its kinetic as compared with control. Roots and leaves were also significantly reduced. The phytotoxicity was highly reduced from textile effluents after aerobic biotreatment with bacteria. It can be concluded that the biological treatment process of textile wastewater might serve as a fertilizer production that is able to improve the growth of plants. These results are encouraging in the context of developing a low-budget technology for the effective management of these effluents. © 2015 © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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