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Plens D.P.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Plens D.P.,National Institute of science and Geoscience Technology | Ruiz A.S.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Ruiz A.S.,National Institute of science and Geoscience Technology | And 7 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Geology | Year: 2013

The Cerro Porã Batholith has an approximately area of 30 km by 4 km, situated at the region of Porto Murtinho, Mato Grosso do Sul. It is located in Rio Apa Terrane, at the southern portion of the Amazonian Craton. It consists of Pink Syenogranitic Facies and Gray Monzogranitic Facies. The first facies is characterized by xenomorphic equigranular texture to essentially inequigranular texture with graphic and granophiric intergrowths. Both facies are composed of alkali feldspar, quartz, and plagioclase with biotite as the only primary mafic mineral. The Gray Monzogranitic Facies has porphyritic texture with graphic to granophiric fine-grained groundmass. It consists of quartz, plagioclase, alkali feldspar, and mafic aggregates (biotite and amphibole). Both facies were metamorphosed at greenschist facies and the Pink Syenogranitic Facies, which is milonytic in nature when it is in shear zones. One event of ductile-brittle deformation was identified, originated in a compressive system. It was responsible for the schistosity and mineral-stretching lineation. The development of the Esperança shear zone is related to this deformational phase and reflects the cinematic history of the reverse convergent system with top transport to NWW. Chemically, these rock types are classified as A2-type granitoids of range alkaline potassium saturated on silica. Geochronological data obtained by U-Pb (Sensitive High Resolution Ion Microprobe) method in zircon resulted in an age of 1749 ± 45 Ma, interpreted as crystallization age of the batholith. From the geotectonic point, the Cerro Porã Granite is considered to be the product of a magmatism associated with a magmatic arc developed in Statherian and emplaced in late-orogenic to post-orogenic stage.

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