Boon P.E.,National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM |
van der Voet H.,Wageningen University |
Ruprich J.,National Institute of Public Health NIPH |
Turrini A.,Italian Agricultural Research Council |
And 2 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2014
In this paper two models present in the computational tool Monte Carlo Risk Assessment (MCRA) were compared for assessing the usual intake of lead in five countries. For this, we used national food consumption data organised according to the format of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Comprehensive database and a single lead concentration database in which analysed commodities were organised according to EFSA's Standard Sampling Description (SSD) system. This meant that both input data were coded according to the hierarchical FoodEx1 classification system. We demonstrate that the naïve Observed Individual Means model resulted in more conservative estimates of the exposure in the right tail of the exposure distribution compared to a refined usual intake model, the LogisticNormal-Normal model. With MCRA, the usual intake could be estimated with both models using food consumption and concentration data that were coded according to the hierarchical FoodEx1 classification system demonstrating that this tool can be used in EFSA's data environment. Additionally, the computational tool has functionalities 1) to check the input data quality by presenting detailed information about these data around a specified percentile of exposure and 2) to decide whether the use of a more refined usual intake model is appropriate. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source
Trolle E.,Technical University of Denmark |
Vandevijvere S.,Scientific Institute of Public Health SIPH |
Ruprich J.,National Institute of Public Health NIPH |
Ege M.,Technical University of Denmark |
And 3 more authors.
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2013
The aim of the present study was to validate thirty-eight picture series of six pictures each developed within the PANCAKE (Pilot study for the Assessment of Nutrient intake and food Consumption Among Kids in Europe) project for portion size estimation of foods consumed by infants, toddlers and children for future pan-European and national dietary surveys. Identical validation sessions were conducted in three European countries. In each country, forty-five foods were evaluated; thirty-eight foods were the same as the depicted foods, and seven foods were different, but meant to be quantified by the use of one of the thirty-eight picture series. Each single picture within a picture series was evaluated six times by means of predefined portions. Therefore, thirty-six pre-weighed portions of each food were evaluated by convenience samples of parents having children aged from 3 months to 10 years. The percentages of participants choosing the correct picture, the picture adjacent to the correct picture or a distant picture were calculated, and the performance of individual pictures within the series was assessed. For twenty foods, the picture series performed acceptably (mean difference between the estimated portion number and the served portion number less than 0·4 (sd < 1·1)). In addition, twelve foods were rated acceptable after adjustment for density differences. Some other series became acceptable after analyses at the country level. In conclusion, all picture series were acceptable for inclusion in the PANCAKE picture book. However, the picture series of baby food, salads and cakes either can only be used for foods that are very similar to those depicted or need to be substituted by another quantification tool. © The Authors 2013. Source
Freisling H.,International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC WHO |
Ocke M.C.,National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM |
Casagrande C.,International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC WHO |
Nicolas G.,International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC WHO |
And 11 more authors.
European Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2015
Methods: Two pilot studies were performed in both Belgium and Czech Republic in a total of 376 children (3 months to 10 year olds): one using a consecutive 3-day food diary; and the second with two non-consecutive 1-day food diaries with data entry during a completion interview. The collected dietary data were compared between the two dietary assessment methods by country and by age groups: (i) <1 year; (ii) 1–3 years; (iii) >3–10 years.Results: Overall, 70 % of the interviewers evaluated the work with EPIC-Soft DataEntry as easy. With both dietary assessment methods, an equally high proportion of specific food names (e.g., “yoghurt, strawberry”) were reported, where only between 5 and 15 % of foods were non-specified (e.g., “yoghurt, n.s.”). The two 1-day food diaries yielded a higher proportion of foods with detailed description. For example, in the age category of 1–3 year olds in Belgium, for 7 out of 16 systematic questions on food description (e.g., “preservation method,”) specific answers were significantly higher (all P < 0.03). The proportion of missing quantities of consumed foods was comparable between the two methods.Conclusions: The EPIC-Soft DataEntry application was positively evaluated by the majority of the interviewers. Two non-consecutive 1-day food diaries with data entry during a completion interview provide a more detailed description of consumed foods as compared with a 3-day food diary.Purpose: We aimed (1) to describe and evaluate the “EPIC-Soft DataEntry” application developed as a user-friendly data entry tool for pan-European and national food consumption surveys among infants and children, and (2) to compare two food record-based dietary assessment methods in terms of food description and quantification using data quality indicators. EPIC-Soft DataEntry was used for both methods. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source
Ocke M.,National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM |
Brants H.,National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM |
Dofkova M.,National Institute of Public Health NIPH |
Freisling H.,International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC |
And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2015
Purpose: To test the feasibility of tools and procedures for a pan-European food consumption survey among children 0–10 years and to recommend one of two tested dietary assessment methods. Methods: Two pilot studies including 378 children were conducted in Belgium and the Czech Republic in the Pilot studies for Assessment of Nutrient intake and food Consumption among Kids in Europe. One protocol included a 3-day food diary which was checked with a parent, and data were entered afterwards using EPIC-Soft. The alternative protocol consisted of two non-consecutive 1-day food diaries followed by EPIC-Soft completion interviews. Both protocols included general and food propensity questionnaires and anthropometric measurements. The protocols were compared using evaluation questionnaires among the participating parents and study personnel. Results: The parents found the questionnaires and instructions for filling in the food diaries understandable. Food description and food quantification was evaluated as problematic by 29 and 15 % of the participants for the 3-day diaries versus 15 and 12 % for the 1-day diaries. The protocol with 1-day food diaries was evaluated as less burdensome by the parents and logistically more challenging by the interviewers. Conclusions: Both dietary assessment methods with related tools and administration protocols were evaluated as feasible. The administration protocol with two 1-day food diaries with completion interviews offers more advantages for the future pan-European survey in children 0–10 years. The positive evaluation of feasibility of tools and materials is an important step towards harmonised food consumption data at European level among the younger age groups. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source
Fiddicke U.,Federal Environment Agency UBA |
Becker K.,Federal Environment Agency UBA |
Schwedler G.,Federal Environment Agency UBA |
Seiwert M.,Federal Environment Agency UBA |
And 49 more authors.
Environmental Research | Year: 2015
Within the European Environment and Health Action Plan an initiative to establish a coherent human biomonitoring approach in Europe was started. The project COPHES (COnsortium to Perform Human biomonitoring on a European Scale) developed recommendations for a harmonized conduct of a human biomonitoring (HBM) survey which came into action as the pilot study DEMOCOPHES (DEMOnstration of a study to COordinate and Perform Human biomonitoring on a European Scale). Seventeen European countries conducted a survey with harmonized instruments for, inter alia, recruitment, fieldwork and sampling, in autumn/winter 2011/2012. Based on the countries' experiences of conducting the pilot study, following lessons learnt were compiled: the harmonized fieldwork instruments (basic questionnaire, urine and hair sampling) turned out to be very valuable for future HBM surveys on the European scale. A school approach was favoured by most of the countries to recruit school-aged children according to the established guidelines and country specific experiences. To avoid a low participation rate, intensive communication with the involved institutions and possible participants proved to be necessary. The communication material should also include information on exclusion criteria and offered incentives. Telephone contact to the participants the day before fieldwork during the survey can prevent the forgetting of appointments and first morning urine samples. To achieve comparable results on the European scale, training of interviewers in all issues of recruitment, fieldwork and sampling through information material and training sessions is crucial. A survey involving many European countries needs time for preparation and conduct. Materials for quality control prepared for all steps of recruitment, fieldwork and sampling proved to be important to warrant reliable results. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source