National Institute of Public Administration

www.ina.edu.sy
Damascus, Syria

The National Institute of Public Administration or popularly known as INTAN is a Malaysian government agency responsible for the training of civil servants in management and administration. Its main office and training centre is located in Bukit Kiara, Kuala Lumpur. There are branch campuses in Kluang in Johor for southern Peninsular Malaysia and Chukai in Terengganu for states on the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Wikipedia.

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Choi J.,National Institute of Public Administration | Oh H.-J.,Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources | Lee H.-J.,Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources | Lee C.,University of Seoul | Lee S.,Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
Engineering Geology | Year: 2012

Landslide-related factors were extracted from Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) images, and integrated techniques were developed, applied, and verified for the analysis of landslide susceptibility in Boun, Korea, using a geographic information system (GIS). Digital elevation model (DEM), lineament, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), and land-cover factors were extracted from the ASTER images for analysis. Slope, aspect, and curvature were calculated from a DEM topographic database. Using the constructed spatial database, the relationships between the detected landslide locations and six related factors were identified and quantified using frequency ratio (FR), logistic regression (LR), and artificial neural network (ANN) models. These relationships were used as factor ratings in an overlay analysis to create landslide susceptibility indices and maps. Three landslide susceptibility maps were then combined and applied as new input factors in the FR, LR, and ANN models to make improved susceptibility maps. All of the susceptibility maps were verified by comparison with known landslide locations not used for training the models. The combined landslide susceptibility maps created using three landslide-related input factors showed improved accuracy (87.00% in FR, 88.21% in LR, and 86.51% in ANN models) compared to the individual landslide susceptibility maps (84.34% in FR, 85.40% in LR, and 74.29% in ANN models) generated using the six factors from the ASTER images. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Witter S.,Immpact | Dieng T.,CEFOREP Research Coordinator | Mbengue D.,CEFOREP | Moreira I.,Former National Reproductive Health Program Officer | And 3 more authors.
Health Policy and Planning | Year: 2010

This article presents the results of an evaluation of the free delivery and caesarean policy (FDCP) in Senegal. The policy was introduced into five poor regions in 2005 and in 2006 was extended at regional hospital level to all regions apart from the capital (Dakar). The evaluation was carried out in 2006-7. There were four research components, all focused on selected facilities and districts within the five FDCP regions: a financial analysis of expenditure on the policy and wider health financing in the five regions and nationally; 54 key informant interviews from national down to facility level; 10 focus group discussions and 8 in-depth interviews; and analysis based on clinical record extraction of 761 major obstetric interventions.The evaluation found significant implementation difficulties, especially related to the allocation of funds and kits and the adequacy of their contents. Despite that, significant increases in utilization in normal deliveries (from 40 to 44 of expected deliveries in FDCP areas over 2004-5) and in caesarean rates (rising from 4.2 to 5.6 in FDCP areas) were recorded. National data suggested that these trends were not found in non-FDCP regions. Using the evaluation data, the cost per additional caesarean under the policy was US$467 and the cost per additional supervised normal delivery was US$21. The article concludes that, in order to achieve its full potential, the FDCP requires improved systems for planning and allocating resources, and new channels to reimburse lower level facilities. It is also important that all complicated deliveries (not just caesareans) are included in the package. In the case of Senegal, a complementary strategy of investment in facilities, transportation and staffing is required to bring greater geographical access and upgrade services. These findings are likely to be relevant to other countries currently experimenting with similar approaches to reducing financial barriers to skilled attendance at delivery. © The Author 2010; all rights reserved.


Abouchadi S.,Ministry of Health | Belghiti Alaoui A.,Ministry of Health | Meski F.Z.,National Institute of Public Administration | De Brouwere V.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Tropical Medicine and International Health | Year: 2013

Objective: To describe the development of the maternal death surveillance system (MDSS) in Morocco and discuss the initial results. Method: The nationwide MDSS was implemented in 2009 with the involvement of health professionals and local authorities. It comprises (i) notification of all deaths of women of reproductive age (from 15 to 49 years); (ii) a preliminary survey to identify pregnancy-related deaths; (iii) a confidential enquiry into all pregnancy-related deaths. The information thus obtained describes socio-demographic characteristics of the women, their obstetric and medical history, the mode of delivery, its follow-up and the medical cause of death. Results: From 1st of January 2009 to 31st of December 2009, 3814 deaths of women of reproductive age were recorded, and a total of 436 pregnancy-related deaths were identified, with 73.4% of those occurring in health facilities. Among the 313 reviewed records, 80.8% were direct obstetric deaths, and 13.5% were classified as indirect. Haemorrhage was the first direct obstetric cause of death (33%). Heart disease was the main indirect obstetric cause of death (39% of indirect causes). Conclusion: The Moroccan MDSS is a powerful tool for understanding the causes and circumstances of maternal deaths. However, challenges remain regarding the full coverage of the system, the decentralisation of the data entry and analysis and the completeness of medical records. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


De Brouwere V.,National Institute of Public Administration | Richard F.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | Witter S.,University of Aberdeen
Tropical Medicine and International Health | Year: 2010

Summary The huge majority of the annual 6.3 million perinatal deaths and half a million maternal deaths take place in developing countries and are avoidable. However, most of the interventions aiming at reducing perinatal and maternal deaths need a health care system offering appropriate antenatal care and quality delivery care, including basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care facilities. To promote the uptake of quality care, there are two possible approaches: influencing the demand and/or the supply of care. Five lessons emerged from experiences. First, it is difficult to obtain robust evidence of the effects of a particular intervention in a context, where they are always associated with other interventions. Second, the interventions tend to have relatively modest short-term impacts, when they address only part of the health system. Third, the long-term effects of an intervention on the whole health system are uncertain. Fourth, because newborn health is intimately linked with maternal health, it is of paramount importance to organise the continuum of care between mother and newborn. Finally, the transfer of experiences is delicate, and an intervention package that has proved to have a positive effect in one setting may have very different effects in other settings. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Richard F.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | Witter S.,University of Aberdeen | De Brouwere V.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | De Brouwere V.,National Institute of Public Administration
American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2010

Lack of access to quality care is the main obstacle to reducing maternal mortality in low-income countries, in many settings, women must pay out-of-pocket fees, resulting in delays, some of them fatal, and catastrophic expenditure that push households into poverty. Various innovative approaches have targeted the poor or exempted specific services, such as cesarean deliveries. We analyzed 8 case studies to better understand current experiments in reducing financial barriers to maternal care. Although service utilization increased in most of the settings, concerns remain about quality of care, equity between rich and poor patients and between urban and rural residents, and financial sustainability to support these new strategies.


Dzazali S.,National Institute of Public Administration | Zolait A.H.,University of Bahrain
Journal of Systems and Information Technology | Year: 2012

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the basis factors involved in the information security management systems of Malaysian public service (MPS) organizations. Therefore, it proposes an empirical analysis which was conducted to identify the antecedents of the information security maturity (ISM) of an organization; and to clarify the relationship between ISM and the social and technical factors identified. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses quantitative approach, convenience sampling and the required data collected from 970 key players' managers in information security, in a total of 722 government agencies, through a self-administrated survey. Research adopted the Wallace et al. process to develop and validate the study's instrument. Findings: The paper provides empirical insights and reveals a number of underlying dimensions of social factors and one technical factor. The risk management was found to be the formal coping mechanism adopted in the MPS organizations and is the leading factor towards ISM. The social factors have the most influence on MPS organizations' ISM. Findings demonstrate that two independent variables, risk management and individual perception, discriminate between those organizations that have high and low ISM. Research limitations/implications: The research results may lack generalization; therefore, researchers are encouraged to test the proposed propositions further in a different context. Practical implications: The paper includes implications for the development of a powerful instrument in explaining the ISM. Moreover, it helps internal stakeholders of an organization to formulate a more appropriate policy or give a more effective focus on issues that are really relevant to MPS information security management. Originality/value: This paper fulfils the identified need to explore determinants of information security maturity. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Kalemis K.,National Institute of Public Administration
Proceedings - 3rd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems, INCoS 2011 | Year: 2011

Computer video games have become highly interesting to educators and researchers since their sophistication has improved considerably over the last decade. Studies indicate that even simple video games are offering important educational benefits in classrooms with bilingual students from different countries. However, a need for identifying truly useful game for educational purposes exists. This article begins with an examination of lower level learning in so-called edutainment products and concludes with an example of how teachers can use computer games and video based activities as an advanced way to improve and enrich the existing curriculum. On the other hand, as a teacher, it is important to be aware of such technology and to know that these instruments can all be used in the classroom in some way. Can games based learning helps in eliminating racism problems, assisting the acceptance in small communities of the new immigrants, and can assist the gifted and talented students in their future plans? This essay identifies characteristics of highly cognitive virtual interactive environments and offers a detailed index and scoring rubric as a tool for teachers and preserves teachers to use when evaluating the tendencies a video game demonstrates toward encouraging higher order thinking in its participants. Computers have been used in the classroom for years but now it has become so advanced that it allows teachers and students to use the computers in a more efficient way. Computer games have been developed for everything and anything, including topics such as typing, reading, math, science, foreign language training, etc. Research has been done to examine whether or not these games are useful to children. It appears that children are growing up in a technological world and that these games are useful to them because it is something familiar. © 2011 IEEE.


Abouchadi S.,Ministere de la sante | Alaoui A.B.,Ministere de la sante | Meski F.Z.,National Institute of Public Administration | Bezad R.,Sina | And 2 more authors.
Tropical Medicine and International Health | Year: 2013

Objective: In 2009, the Ministry of Health of Morocco launched a national confidential enquiry around maternal deaths based on the newly implemented routine maternal death surveillance system (MDSS). The objective of this paper is to show the importance of substandard care among the factors associated with maternal deaths. Methods: The Moroccan National Expert Committee (NEC) organised an audit of maternal deaths identified by the MDSS to determine the medical cause, the preventability of the deaths and the type of substandard care involved. Results: Three hundred and three cases of maternal deaths were analysed for the year 2009. Direct causes accounted for 80.8%. 75.9% were considered avoidable by the NEC. The three main factors were insufficient follow-up of care in 45.6% of cases, inadequate treatment in 43.9% and delay in seeking care in 41.3%. The auditors found that 54.3% of all maternal deaths could have been avoided if appropriate action had been taken at the health facilities. Conclusion: The audit of maternal deaths in Morocco enabled a better understanding of the circumstances contributing to maternal deaths and pinpointed that more than half of maternal deaths were associated with substandard care in hospitals. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Kalemis K.,National Institute of Public Administration
Proceedings - 3rd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems, INCoS 2011 | Year: 2011

Much like immigrants who leave the cultural comfort of their home societies and move to places with very different cultures and social practices, those who teach online leave the familiarity of the face-to-face classroom for the uncharted terrain of the online environment, whose constraints and affordances often lead to very different practices. The trans-classroom teacher who moves between the two environments, transferring ideas, strategies, and practices from one to the other, is a mental migrant. The transformations-of the teacherand of the course-that occur in these migrations and the two-way interactions between face-toface and online teaching are the focus of this study. As teachers adapt their courses for the online environment, they are forced to reexamine the course design, reconsider curriculum strategies, and make many decisions about what to take out and what to keep, what to add and what to substitute. The implication for faculty who would like to implement mobile learning in their online or traditional courses is that they can begin by making content and information available to students in formats easily accessible by mobile phone or laptop computer. This would be a logical first step, since a majority of students and faculty already use these tools in many of their daily activities. Other tools, such as video iPods and MP3 players, can be phased in gradually. The following ideas could be implemented immediately with little to no additional cost. Most basic cell phones today can send and receive text messages, voicemail, and Email. Email is a convenient way to communicate information to the learning community, so the instructor can begin by sending class-wide "broadcast" Emails that students can access via a variety of mobile devices. © 2011 IEEE.


Kalemis K.,National Institute of Public Administration
Proceedings of the European Conference on Games-based Learning | Year: 2011

Computer video games have become highly interesting to educators and researchers since their sophistication has improved considerably over the last decade. Studies indicate that even simple video games are offering important educational benefits in classrooms with bilingual students from different countries. However, a need for identifying truly useful game for educational purposes exists. This article begins with an examination of lower level learning in so-called edutainment products and concludes with an example of how teachers can use computer games and video based activities as an advanced way to improve and enrich the existing curriculum. On the other hand, as a teacher, it is important to be aware of such technology and to know that these instruments can all be used in the classroom in some way. Can games based learning helps in eliminating racism problems, assisting the acceptance in small communities of the new immigrants, and can assist the gifted and talented students in their future plans? This essay identifies characteristics of highly cognitive virtual interactive environments and offers a detailed index and scoring rubric as a tool for teachers and preserves teachers to use when evaluating the tendencies a video game demonstrates toward encouraging higher order thinking in its participants. Computers have been used in the classroom for years but now it has become so advanced that it allows teachers and students to use the computers in a more efficient way. Computer games have been developed for everything and anything, including topics such as typing, reading, math, science, foreign language training, etc. Research has been done to examine whether or not these games are useful to children. It appears that children are growing up in a technological world and that these games are useful to them because it is something familiar.

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