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Damascus, Syria

The National Institute of Public Administration or popularly known as INTAN is a Malaysian government agency responsible for the training of civil servants in management and administration. Its main office and training centre is located in Bukit Kiara, Kuala Lumpur. There are branch campuses in Kluang in Johor for southern Peninsular Malaysia and Chukai in Terengganu for states on the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Wikipedia.

Kalemis K.,National Institute of Public Administration
Proceedings - 3rd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems, INCoS 2011 | Year: 2011

Computer video games have become highly interesting to educators and researchers since their sophistication has improved considerably over the last decade. Studies indicate that even simple video games are offering important educational benefits in classrooms with bilingual students from different countries. However, a need for identifying truly useful game for educational purposes exists. This article begins with an examination of lower level learning in so-called edutainment products and concludes with an example of how teachers can use computer games and video based activities as an advanced way to improve and enrich the existing curriculum. On the other hand, as a teacher, it is important to be aware of such technology and to know that these instruments can all be used in the classroom in some way. Can games based learning helps in eliminating racism problems, assisting the acceptance in small communities of the new immigrants, and can assist the gifted and talented students in their future plans? This essay identifies characteristics of highly cognitive virtual interactive environments and offers a detailed index and scoring rubric as a tool for teachers and preserves teachers to use when evaluating the tendencies a video game demonstrates toward encouraging higher order thinking in its participants. Computers have been used in the classroom for years but now it has become so advanced that it allows teachers and students to use the computers in a more efficient way. Computer games have been developed for everything and anything, including topics such as typing, reading, math, science, foreign language training, etc. Research has been done to examine whether or not these games are useful to children. It appears that children are growing up in a technological world and that these games are useful to them because it is something familiar. © 2011 IEEE.

De Brouwere V.,National Institute of Public Administration | Richard F.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | Witter S.,University of Aberdeen
Tropical Medicine and International Health | Year: 2010

Summary The huge majority of the annual 6.3 million perinatal deaths and half a million maternal deaths take place in developing countries and are avoidable. However, most of the interventions aiming at reducing perinatal and maternal deaths need a health care system offering appropriate antenatal care and quality delivery care, including basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care facilities. To promote the uptake of quality care, there are two possible approaches: influencing the demand and/or the supply of care. Five lessons emerged from experiences. First, it is difficult to obtain robust evidence of the effects of a particular intervention in a context, where they are always associated with other interventions. Second, the interventions tend to have relatively modest short-term impacts, when they address only part of the health system. Third, the long-term effects of an intervention on the whole health system are uncertain. Fourth, because newborn health is intimately linked with maternal health, it is of paramount importance to organise the continuum of care between mother and newborn. Finally, the transfer of experiences is delicate, and an intervention package that has proved to have a positive effect in one setting may have very different effects in other settings. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Witter S.,Immpact | Dieng T.,CEFOREP Research Coordinator | Mbengue D.,CEFOREP | Moreira I.,Former National Reproductive Health Program Officer | And 3 more authors.
Health Policy and Planning | Year: 2010

This article presents the results of an evaluation of the free delivery and caesarean policy (FDCP) in Senegal. The policy was introduced into five poor regions in 2005 and in 2006 was extended at regional hospital level to all regions apart from the capital (Dakar). The evaluation was carried out in 2006-7. There were four research components, all focused on selected facilities and districts within the five FDCP regions: a financial analysis of expenditure on the policy and wider health financing in the five regions and nationally; 54 key informant interviews from national down to facility level; 10 focus group discussions and 8 in-depth interviews; and analysis based on clinical record extraction of 761 major obstetric interventions.The evaluation found significant implementation difficulties, especially related to the allocation of funds and kits and the adequacy of their contents. Despite that, significant increases in utilization in normal deliveries (from 40 to 44 of expected deliveries in FDCP areas over 2004-5) and in caesarean rates (rising from 4.2 to 5.6 in FDCP areas) were recorded. National data suggested that these trends were not found in non-FDCP regions. Using the evaluation data, the cost per additional caesarean under the policy was US$467 and the cost per additional supervised normal delivery was US$21. The article concludes that, in order to achieve its full potential, the FDCP requires improved systems for planning and allocating resources, and new channels to reimburse lower level facilities. It is also important that all complicated deliveries (not just caesareans) are included in the package. In the case of Senegal, a complementary strategy of investment in facilities, transportation and staffing is required to bring greater geographical access and upgrade services. These findings are likely to be relevant to other countries currently experimenting with similar approaches to reducing financial barriers to skilled attendance at delivery. © The Author 2010; all rights reserved.

Richard F.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | Witter S.,University of Aberdeen | De Brouwere V.,Institute of Tropical Medicine | De Brouwere V.,National Institute of Public Administration
American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2010

Lack of access to quality care is the main obstacle to reducing maternal mortality in low-income countries, in many settings, women must pay out-of-pocket fees, resulting in delays, some of them fatal, and catastrophic expenditure that push households into poverty. Various innovative approaches have targeted the poor or exempted specific services, such as cesarean deliveries. We analyzed 8 case studies to better understand current experiments in reducing financial barriers to maternal care. Although service utilization increased in most of the settings, concerns remain about quality of care, equity between rich and poor patients and between urban and rural residents, and financial sustainability to support these new strategies.

Dzazali S.,National Institute of Public Administration | Zolait A.H.,University of Bahrain
Journal of Systems and Information Technology | Year: 2012

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the basis factors involved in the information security management systems of Malaysian public service (MPS) organizations. Therefore, it proposes an empirical analysis which was conducted to identify the antecedents of the information security maturity (ISM) of an organization; and to clarify the relationship between ISM and the social and technical factors identified. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses quantitative approach, convenience sampling and the required data collected from 970 key players' managers in information security, in a total of 722 government agencies, through a self-administrated survey. Research adopted the Wallace et al. process to develop and validate the study's instrument. Findings: The paper provides empirical insights and reveals a number of underlying dimensions of social factors and one technical factor. The risk management was found to be the formal coping mechanism adopted in the MPS organizations and is the leading factor towards ISM. The social factors have the most influence on MPS organizations' ISM. Findings demonstrate that two independent variables, risk management and individual perception, discriminate between those organizations that have high and low ISM. Research limitations/implications: The research results may lack generalization; therefore, researchers are encouraged to test the proposed propositions further in a different context. Practical implications: The paper includes implications for the development of a powerful instrument in explaining the ISM. Moreover, it helps internal stakeholders of an organization to formulate a more appropriate policy or give a more effective focus on issues that are really relevant to MPS information security management. Originality/value: This paper fulfils the identified need to explore determinants of information security maturity. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

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