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Sethi V.,National Institute of Plant Genome ResearchNew Delhi | Raghuram B.,National Institute of Plant Genome ResearchNew Delhi | Sinha A.K.,National Institute of Plant Genome ResearchNew Delhi | Chattopadhyay S.,National Institute of Plant Genome ResearchNew Delhi | Chattopadhyay S.,National Institute of Technology Durgapur
Plant Cell | Year: 2014

Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways are involved in several signal transduction processes in eukaryotes. Light signal transduction pathways have been extensively studied in plants; however, the connection between MAPK and light signaling pathways is currently unknown. Here, we show that MKK3-MPK6 is activated by blue light in a MYC2-dependent manner. MPK6 physically interacts with and phosphorylates a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, MYC2, and is phosphorylated by a MAPK kinase, MKK3. Furthermore, MYC2 binds to the MPK6 promoter and regulates its expression in a feedback regulatory mechanism in blue light signaling. We present mutational and physiological studies that illustrate the function of the MKK3-MPK6-MYC2 module in Arabidopsis thaliana seedling development and provide a revised mechanistic view of photomorphogenesis. © 2014 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved. Source

Kaur H.,National Institute of Plant Genome ResearchNew Delhi | Petla B.P.,National Institute of Plant Genome ResearchNew Delhi | Kamble N.U.,National Institute of Plant Genome ResearchNew Delhi | Singh A.,National Institute of Plant Genome ResearchNew Delhi | And 4 more authors.
Frontiers in Plant Science | Year: 2015

Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are a diverse group of proteins and are highly abundant in plant species. Although majority of these sHSPs were shown to express specifically in seed, their potential function in seed physiology remains to be fully explored. Our proteomic analysis revealed that OsHSP18.2, a class II cytosolic HSP is an aging responsive protein as its abundance significantly increased after artificial aging in rice seeds. OsHSP18.2 transcript was found to markedly increase at the late maturation stage being highly abundant in dry seeds and sharply decreased after germination. Our biochemical study clearly demonstrated that OsHSP18.2 forms homooligomeric complex and is dodecameric in nature and functions as a molecular chaperone. OsHSP18.2 displayed chaperone activity as it was effective in preventing thermal inactivation of Citrate Synthase. Further, to analyze the function of this protein in seed physiology, seed specific Arabidopsis overexpression lines for OsHSP18.2 were generated. Our subsequent functional analysis clearly demonstrated that OsHSP18.2 has ability to improve seed vigor and longevity by reducing deleterious ROS accumulation in seeds. In addition, transformed Arabidopsis seeds also displayed better performance in germination and cotyledon emergence under adverse conditions. Collectively, our work demonstrates that OsHSP18.2 is an aging responsive protein which functions as a molecular chaperone and possibly protect and stabilize the cellular proteins from irreversible damage particularly during maturation drying, desiccation and aging in seeds by restricting ROS accumulation and thereby improves seed vigor, longevity and seedling establishment. © 2015 Kaur, Petla, Kamble, Singh, Rao, Salvi, Ghosh and Majee. Source

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