National Institute of Perinatology INper

Mexico

National Institute of Perinatology INper

Mexico
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de Water E.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Proal E.,National Institute of Perinatology INPer | Wang V.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Medina S.M.,National Institute of Perinatology INPer | And 5 more authors.
NeuroToxicology | Year: 2017

Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace metal that is neurotoxic at high levels of exposure. Disruption of brain maturation processes during the prenatal period may have lasting consequences. During this critical period, the developing human brain is uniquely vulnerable to exposure to environmental toxicants such as Mn, and prenatal Mn exposure has been associated with changes in brain areas involved in emotion processing and regulation. The goal of the present pilot study was to examine whether prenatal Mn exposure is associated with changes in the intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) of the brain in childhood, focusing on changes in emotional brain areas. We selected 15 subjects (age 6-7 years) from an ongoing longitudinal birth cohort study to participate in a resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study. Prenatal Mn exposure was determined from maternal blood collected during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. We used seed-based correlation analyses and independent component analyses to examine whether prenatal Mn exposure was associated with the iFC of the brain in children. We found that the right globus pallidus showed reduced iFC with the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and lateral prefrontal cortex in children who were exposed to higher prenatal Mn levels, after controlling for sociodemographic confounders (SES, maternal education, child sex, home environment support) and environmental confounders (prenatal lead exposure and air pollution). These findings suggest that prenatal Mn exposure is associated with reduced iFC of brain areas involved in emotion processing and regulation in children. Future studies should investigate whether this reduced iFC mediates the association between prenatal Mn exposure and emotional dysfunction in childhood. © 2017.


Aldrete-Cortez V.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Aldrete-Cortez V.,National Institute of Perinatology INper | Aldrete-Cortez V.,Panamerican University of Mexico | Schnaas L.,National Institute of Perinatology INper | And 7 more authors.
Pediatrics International | Year: 2015

Background The aim of this study was to analyze whether late-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR) alters regulatory capability in infants, and whether this can be detected using both the neonatal behavior assessment scale (NBAS) and brainstem auditory-evoked potentials (BAEP). Methods The diagnosis of FGR was made on Doppler examination in the third trimester of pregnancy. NBAS and BAEP measurement were performed at 1 month of corrected postnatal age. Results The group with late-onset FGR was integrated with 17 infants and the control group consisted of 14 subjects. The NBAS range of state score, which reflects organization of behavioral state, was low in infants with late-onset FGR. No differences were found in BAEP between groups. No association between NBAS and BAEP was detected. Conclusion Late-onset FGR has a deleterious effect on NBAS range of state, but possibly does not alter BAEP response. It is proposed that regulatory capabilities in the neonatal period play a primary role in subtle cognitive difficulties in infants with late-onset FGR in the long term. © 2015 Japan Pediatric Society.


PubMed | Wayne State University, Social Security Mexican Institute and National Institute of Perinatology INPer
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2014

The first pandemic of the 21st century occurred in 2009 and was caused by the H1N1pdm influenza A virus. Severe cases of H1N1pdm infection in adults are characterized by sustained immune activation, whereas pregnant women are prone to more severe forms of influenza, with increased morbi-mortality. During the H1N1pdm09 pandemic, few studies assessed the immune status of infected pregnant women. The objective of this study was to evaluate the behavior of several immune markers in 13 H1N1pdm2009 virus-infected pregnant (PH1N1) women, in comparison to pregnant women with an influenza-like illness (ILI), healthy pregnant women (HP) and healthy non-pregnant women (HW). The blood leukocyte phenotypes and the serological cytokine and chemokine concentrations of the blood leukocytes, as measured by flow cytometry, showed that the CD69+ cell counts in the T and B-lymphocytes were significantly higher in the PH1N1 group. We found that pro-inflammatory (TNF-, IL-1, IL-6) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokines and some chemokines (CXCL8, CXCL10), which are typically at lower levels during pregnancy, were substantially increased in the women in the ILI group. Our findings suggest that CD69 overexpression in blood lymphocytes and elevated levels of serum cytokines might be potential markers for the discrimination of H1N1 disease from other influenza-like illnesses in pregnant women.


PubMed | National Autonomous University of Mexico, Coordination of National Institutes of Health and High Specialization Hospitals, National Institute of Perinatology INper and National Institute of Rehabilitation
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to analyze whether late-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR) alters regulatory capability in infants, and whether this can be detected using both the neonatal behavior assessment scale (NBAS) and brainstem auditory-evoked potentials (BAEP).The diagnosis of FGR was made on Doppler examination in the third trimester of pregnancy. NBAS and BAEP measurement were performed at 1 month of corrected postnatal age.The group with late-onset FGR was integrated with 17 infants and the control group consisted of 14 subjects. The NBAS range of state score, which reflects organization of behavioral state, was low in infants with late-onset FGR. No differences were found in BAEP between groups. No association between NBAS and BAEP was detected.Late-onset FGR has a deleterious effect on NBAS range of state, but possibly does not alter BAEP response. It is proposed that regulatory capabilities in the neonatal period play a primary role in subtle cognitive difficulties in infants with late-onset FGR in the long term.


Cerbulo-Vazquez A.,National Institute of Perinatology INPer | Figueroa-Damian R.,National Institute of Perinatology INPer | Arriaga-Pizano L.A.,Social Security Mexican Institute | Hernandez-Andrade E.,Hutzel Womens Hospital | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

The first pandemic of the 21stcentury occurred in 2009 and was caused by the H1N1pdm influenza A virus. Severe cases of H1N1pdm infection in adults are characterized by sustained immune activation, whereas pregnant women are prone to more severe forms of influenza, with increased morbi-mortality. During the H1N1pdm09 pandemic, few studies assessed the immune status of infected pregnant women. The objective of this study was to evaluate the behavior of several immune markers in 13 H1N1pdm2009 virus-infected pregnant (PH1N1) women, in comparison to pregnant women with an influenza-like illness (ILI), healthy pregnant women (HP) and healthy non-pregnant women (HW). The blood leukocyte phenotypes and the serological cytokine and chemokine concentrations of the blood leukocytes, as measured by flow cytometry, showed that the CD69+ cell counts in the T and B-lymphocytes were significantly higher in the PH1N1 group. We found that pro-inflammatory (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokines and some chemokines (CXCL8, CXCL10), which are typically at lower levels during pregnancy, were substantially increased in the women in the ILI group. Our findings suggest that CD69 overexpression in blood lymphocytes and elevated levels of serum cytokines might be potential markers for the discrimination of H1N1 disease from other influenza-like illnesses in pregnant women. © 2014 Cérbulo-Vázquez et al.

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