Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE-2009-1-4-11 | Award Amount: 1.11M | Year: 2010
The fast development of the Mediterranean aquaculture (freshwater, marine) is confronted to a set of difficulties e.g. inadequate production systems and competitiveness, interaction and space competition with other users and the need for a proper integration in the coastal zones, possible negative impact on the environment and negative image of the product quality. Aquaculture development in the Mediterranean countries is contrasted in terms of importance of the sector, domestic market demand, typology of the industry, and research and development structures and capacities. Consequently, a strategy for a knowledge-based development of the activity has to be implemented using a flexible and concerted approach. To deliver practical results, the AQUAMED project will be based on a four step process consisting in (1) mapping and setting a database of all relevant information (about policies, research and socio-economy) in each partner country, (2) identifying common situations and constraints between countries, (3) grouping countries confronted to similar driving forces in order to foster information exchanges and formulate more focussed science based recommendations and (4) setting up of a multi-stakeholder platform to promote a research organisation and an revolving implementation plan aiming at the sustainable development of aquaculture. The platform will be organised to be self-sustainable after the end of the project. It will be instrumental to rationalising research programming in order to avoid duplication, fragmentation and dispersion of research efforts, and to stimulate a long-term cooperation and coordination among policy makers, aquaculture industry and RTD performers in the Region. The Project consortium, covering most of the situations of the aquaculture sector met in Mediterranean, will put the emphasis on the participatory approach, the dissemination of the outcomes of the AQUAMED activities and the sustainability the multi-stakeholder platform.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.1.1.5-1 | Award Amount: 4.82M | Year: 2011
Increases of atmospheric CO2 and associated decreases in seawater pH and carbonate ion concentration this century and beyond are likely to have wide impacts on marine ecosystems including those of the Mediterranean Sea. Consequences of this process, ocean acidification, threaten the health of the Mediterranean, adding to other anthropogenic pressures, including those from climate change. Yet in comparison to other areas of the world ocean, there has been no concerted effort to study Mediterranean acidification, which is fundamental to the social and economic conditions of more than 130 million people living along its coastlines and another 175 million who visit the region each year. The MedSeA project addresses ecologic and economic impacts from the combined influences of anthropogenic acidification and warming, while accounting for the unique characteristics of this key region. MedSeA will forecast chemical, climatic, ecological-biological, and socio-economical changes of the Mediterranean driven by increases in CO2 and other greenhouse gases, while focusing on the combined impacts of acidification and warming on marine shell and skeletal building, productivity, and food webs. We will use an interdisciplinary approach involving biologists, earth scientists, and economists, through observations, experiments, and modelling. These experts will provide science-based projections of Mediterranean acidification under the influence of climate change as well as associated economic impacts. Projections will be based on new observations of chemical conditions as well as new observational and experimental data on the responses of key organisms and ecosystems to acidification and warming, which will be fed into existing ocean models that have been improved to account for the Mediterraneans fine-scale features. These scientific advances will allow us to provide the best advice to policymakers who must develop regional strategies for adaptation and mitigation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2009.2.2.1.4 | Award Amount: 8.83M | Year: 2010
Many efforts have been deployed for developing Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Both basins have, and continue to suffer severe environmental degradation. In many areas this has led to unsustainable trends, which have impacted, on economic activities and human well-being. An important progress has been made with the launch of the ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean Sea in January 2008. The ICZM Protocol offers, for the first time in the Mediterranean, an opportunity to work in a new way, and a model that can be used as a basis for solving similar problems elsewhere, such as in the Back Sea. The aim of PEGASO is to build on existing capacities and develop common novel approaches to support integrated policies for the coastal, marine and maritime realms of the Mediterranean and Black Sea Basins in ways that are consistent with and relevant to the implementation of the ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean. PEGASO will use the model of the existing ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean and adjust it to the needs of the Black Sea through three innovative actions: - Constructing an ICZM governance platform as a bridge between scientist and end-user communities, going far beyond a conventional bridging. The building of a shared scientific and end users platform is at the heart of our proposal linked with new models of governance. -Refining and further developing efficient and easy to use tools for making sustainability assessments in the coastal zone (indicators, accounting methods and models, scenarios, socio-economic valuations, etc). They will be tested and validated in 10 sites (CASES) and by the ICZM Platform, using a multi-scale approach for integrated regional assessment. -Implementing a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI), following INSPIRE Directive, to organize local geonodes and standardize spatial data to support information sharing on an interactive visor, to make it available to the ICZM Platform, and to disseminate all results of the project to all interested parties and beyond. -Enhancing regional networks of scientists and stakeholders in ICPC countries, supported by capacity building, to implement the PEGASO tools and lessons learned, to assess the state and trends for coast and sea in both basins, identifying present and future main threats agreeing on responses to be done at different scales in an integrated approach, including transdisciplinary and transbondary long-term collaborations.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SPA.2009.3.2.01 | Award Amount: 1.36M | Year: 2010
EAMNet aims to construct a network linking Earth Observation (EO) information providers, user networks and centres of excellence in Europe and Africa in the area of coastal and marine observations towards sustainable development in Africa. The network will undertake capacity building and maintenance and build upon existing infrastructure and expertise in Africa. The overall aim is to improve the exploitation of EO data for coastal and oceanic monitoring towards an Africa-wide observation system (GOOS-Africa). It will provide an interface between European GMES-related core and downstream services and R&D projects (notably MyOcean) and African initiatives (e.g. AMESD) with the emerging GMES-Africa initiative. It will also provide further links with GEO. Specifically, EAMNet will: Promote exploitation of existing and new marine EO data streams produced in Europe and Africa (e.g. MyOcean, OSI-SAF and DevCoCast) and disseminate the data using fast and reliable systems (GEONETCast) Harmonize and contribute to the evolution and improvement of application of these data Improve the coverage of the marine GEONETCast reception network Contribute to existing training courses undertaken in AMESD, DevCoCast and other initiatives Develop EO specific modules within the courses of three African Universities Coordinate R&D activities in Africa with GMES projects in Europe and promote best-practice through targeted exchange of personnel and open fellowships Connect the African and EU marine communities by co-organizing yearly symposia (in parallel with the alternating AARSE and AMESD meetings), maintaining a web site and publishing a regular newsletter Identify the requirements of the African stakeholders for the provision of GMES services Contribute to the implementation of the Action Plan for GMES and Africa Partnership resulting from the Lisbon Process on GMES and Africa and planned to be endorsed at the next EU-Africa Summit.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2011.4.1.4-2 | Award Amount: 4.20M | Year: 2011
MEDINA is designed to enhance Northern African Countriess monitoring capacity of their coastal areas ecosystems, including fish stocks resources, and consequently their capacity to implement environmental policies, conventions and protocols. In response to this Call for proposal and supported by a strong European partnership, MEDINA focuses on the Mediterranean coasts of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt. The plan to enhance those States monitoring capacity relies on a scientific and technology transfer approach, starting from the solid European experience in Mediterranean coasts management and active participation across GEO activities and Communities of Practice. MEDINA plans to achieve its objectives by implementing and demonstrating a set of five thematic pilot case studies, based on the requirements identified during the projects initial phase. Relevant data include satellite earth observations (EO), in-situ monitoring networks, airborne and ground survey information as well as socio-economic data, ecological analyses and national and regional cartographic datasets. Data availability to all parties will be ensured through the GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI). Existing software components for data access, processing and modelling will be adapted to requirements gathered within MEDINA and integrated in the GCI. MEDINA will exploit the GCI capabilities populating its registries and complying with the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles. In agreement with the GCI System of Systems philosophy, MEDINA will build on existing National capacities -represented in the project by key actors in ICZM- completing and advancing them, where necessary. MEDINA will mobilize such resources by assembling them in a dedicated e-infrastructure. Addressing user requirements, a set of specific tools will complete the platform to advance the scientific knowledge.These tools will enable MEDINA to assess the status of the coastal ecosystem, including fish stocks and marine habitats.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2011-6.2 | Award Amount: 589.98K | Year: 2011
FORCE Fishing and aquaculture-Oriented Research Capacity in Egypt project is designed to enhance the capacity of the Egyptian National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, NIOF to carry out research activities aimed at supporting the implementation of sound and science-based policies for the sustainable development of fishery and aquaculture in Egypt, as well as in the whole Mediterranean North African region. FORCE will enable NIOF to fill the Scientific and Technological gap, which, at present, is one of the main factors that hampers the further sustainable management of fishery and aquaculture. The overall FORCE scientific objectives are to identify potential for more efficient cooperation between EU research institutions and NIOF focused on fishery and aquaculture as means of development of S&T and increasing sustainable yields; to support NIOF in developing a tool-box for environmental impact assessment of aquaculture activities; to disseminate the best practices and to raise awareness among scientists, fishery inspectors and policy makers. In support of reaching competent sustainable management of fisheries, FORCE will promote the principles and objectives outlined in Horizon 2020 frameworks and EU Marine Strategies. FORCE will enhance the participation of Egypt in the FP7 by giving to NIOF the opportunity to coordinate a FP7 project
Abdallah M.A.M.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology | Year: 2013
Along the Alexandria coast of the Egyptian Mediterranean Sea, five edible species of bivalve molluscs and one gastropoda species (Mactra coralline, Ruditapes decussates, Paphia undulate, Venerupis rhomboids, Crista pectinata and Coralliophila meyendorffi) were analyzed for content of metals (Cadmium, Chromium, Lead, Cobalt and Nickel) in the muscle and in the sediments where they live. The potential health risks of metals to humans via consumption of seafood were assessed by estimated daily intake and target hazard quotient. Significant positive correlations (p < 0.05) were obtained between tissue concentrations for all pairs of metals, with the exception of Cadmium. Significant positive correlations were also obtained for the concentrations of Cd and Ni in tissues of all studied species relative to their concentrations in surface sediments. However, correlations between tissue and sediment concentrations for Chromium, Lead and Cobalt were negative. Ruditapes decussates and C. meyendorffi had the highest values for the summed target hazard quotient and may pose a potential risk to local inhabitants through their consumption in the diet. The potential risk would arise from exposure to high tissue concentrations of Cd and Pb, which exceeded published guidelines for safety of seafood products in some cases. Chromium contributed a considerable fraction of the total target hazard quotient for all metals combined, but did not exceed the published guidelines. Cobalt and Ni did not contribute greatly overall to the target hazard quotient, except in the case of Ni in V. rhomboids. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Abdallah M.A.M.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt
Environmental Technology | Year: 2011
Sediment quality of Lake Maryout (one of the four Nile Delta shallow brackish water lakes on the south-eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea) is of concern as this lake is used for land reclamation and aquaculture and is an important fishing source. The magnitude and ecological relevance of metal pollution in Lake Maryout Main Basin was investigated by applying different sediment quality assessment approaches. The aim of this study was to estimate ecological risk of trace elements (Cd, Ni, Pb, Cr, Cu and Zn) in the surficial sediments (63 m fraction) of Lake Maryout. Heavily contaminated sediments were evaluated by the Sediment Quality Guideline (SQG) of the US Environmental Protection Agency. The degree of contamination (Cd) was estimated as very high for each site. Two sets of SQGs effect range-low/effect range-median values and threshold effect concentration (TEC) and probable effect concentration (PEC) values were used in this study. Sediments from each site were judged toxic when more of the PEC values exceeded EPA guidelines. Based on the geoaccumulation index (Igeo) of target trace elements, the Main Basin of Lake Maryout has to be considered as extremely polluted with Cd (I geo≤5), strongly polluted with Zn (2≤Igeo≤3), moderately polluted with Cu (1≤Igeo≤2), unpolluted to moderately polluted with Cr and Pb (0≤Igeo≤1 for each) and unpolluted with Ni (Igeo≤0). Lake Maryout sediments had heavy accumulations of Cd, which apparently come from drains that include industrial and raw domestic wastes. Therefore, a sequential extraction technique was applied to assess the five fractions (exchangeable, metals bound to carbonate, acid-reducible, oxidizable-organic and residual) of Cd in surface sediments. The Cd concentration in most sampling stations was dominated by the non-resistant fraction (anthropogenic). The result showed that those stations located in the vicinity of municipal and mixed waste drains posed a high potential risk to fauna and flora of Maryout Lake. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
Abd-El-Khalek D.E.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt |
Abd-El-Nabey B.A.,Alexandria University
Desalination | Year: 2013
The antiscale properties of sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) were studied using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and chronoamperometry techniques in conjunction with a microscopic examination. The corrosion inhibitive characteristics were investigated using EIS and potentiodynamic polarization measurements. Mineral scales were deposited from the brine solution by cathodic polarization of the steel surface at ?. 0.9. V (vs. SCE). Comparative study was carried out between antiscalant efficiencies of SHMP and polyacrylic acid (PAA). Potentiodynamic polarization curves indicated that SHMP inhibits the corrosion of steel by controlling the cathodic oxygen reduction process. The results showed that SHMP can inhibit corrosion of steel and scale build-up under the conditions tested. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Abdallah M.A.M.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment | Year: 2013
The use of natural resources for the removal of phenol and phenolic compounds is being looked upon by researchers in preference to other prevailing methods. In the present study, different biosorbents, brown algae (Padina pavonia), fresh water macrophyta (Ceratophyllum demersum), and black tea residue, were tested as adsorbent for the removal of phenol from aqueous solutions. The optimum conditions for maximum adsorption in terms of concentration of the adsorbate and pH were identified. The results show that the initial concentration increases as the removal of phenol increases in C. demersum; in the case of the other two adsorbents, the initial concentration increases as the removal of phenol decreases, especially for an initial concentration lower than 100 and 1,000 μg/L for P. pavonia and black tea residue, respectively. Maximum percentage removal of phenol by each adsorbent is 77, 50.8, and 29 % for C. demersum, P. pavonia, and black tea residue, respectively. Also, the biosorption capacity was strongly influenced by the pH of the aqueous solution with an observed maximum phenol removal at pH of around 6-10. The first biosorbent (black tea residue) displays the maximum adsorption capacity at a pH of 10 with a percentage sorption capacity of 84 %; P. pavonia revealed a greater adsorption percentage at pH 10, reaching 30 %, while for C. demersum, the removal of phenol increases with the increase in initial pH up to 6.0 and decreases drastically with further increase in initial pH. The Freundlich, Langmuir, and Brauner-Emmet-Teller adsorption models were applied to describe the equilibrium isotherms. The results reveal that the equilibrium data for all phenol adsorbents fitted the Freundlich model which seemed to be the best-fitting model for the experimental results with similar values of coefficient of determination. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.