Sinha S.N.,National Institute of Nutrition Hyderabad Indian Council of Medical Research |
Rao M.V.V.,National Institute Nutrition |
Vasudev K.,National Institute of Nutrition Hyderabad Indian Council of Medical Research
Food Research International | Year: 2012
In this study, we assessed the exposure of urban populations to different classes of organophosphate pesticides due to the consumption of different types of vegetables. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was used for quantification, while the quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe extraction method was used to isolate eighteen organophosphate pesticides found in vegetable samples (eggplant, ladyfinger, cauliflower, cabbage, tomato and chili) at concentration of μg/kg. This method was accurate (≥99.5%) and possessed a limit of detection and quantification in the range of 0.002-0.099 and 0.009-0.337μg/kg respectively. The coefficients of variation (≥0.9999) were less than 2% at the low end of the linear range of the method. The mean recovery ranged between 94 and 103%, and the % relative standard deviation (RSD) was generally below 10%. These results demonstrate that the methodology is both highly efficient and robust. The proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of vegetable samples collected from different government farmer markets and street shops in urban areas. The mean concentration of chlorpyrifos in eggplant (24.02μg/kg), cabbage (10.55μg/kg), cauliflower (2.85μg/kg), tomato (178.87μg/kg) and ladyfinger (2.49μg/kg) differed significantly (p < 0.002). Similarly, the mean concentration of triazophos in eggplant (0.863μg/kg), cabbage (2.21μg/kg), cauliflower (0.491μg/kg), tomato (3.01μg/kg) and ladyfinger (2.49μg/kg) differed significantly (p < 0.007). A similar trend was observed for acephate, fenitrothion and phosalone. This study may be helpful in developing a regional exposure database and in facilitating assessment of health risks from pesticide exposure in our day-to-day lives. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.