Anwar M.,National Institute of Lasers and Optonics |
Anwar M.,Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences |
Magalhaes D.V.,University of Sao Paulo |
Muller S.T.,University of Sao Paulo |
And 3 more authors.
Laser Physics | Year: 2014
In this work, we have explored ab initio the capture process in a magneto-optical trap by theory, simulation and experiment. We measured the capture velocity vc of a cesium vapor cell magneto-optical trap (VCMOT) from its capture rate R and developed an exact model for the capture rate of a VCMOT in terms of its capture velocity, background density and trap laser beam diameter. We measured the capture velocity of a cesium VCMOT for various trap laser intensities and magnetic field gradients. We observed that the capture velocity is a damping force as well as a restoring force phenomenon. We supported our findings by performing simulations for single atom trajectories in a 1D cesium MOT. Finally, we concluded that two MOTs can have the same capture velocities but very different capture rates, thereby revealing that these are two fundamentally different characteristics of the MOT. © 2014 Astro Ltd.