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Sen N.,National Institute of Immunology | Satija Y.,National Institute of Immunology | Das S.,National Institute of Immunology
Molecular Cell | Year: 2011

Metabolic stress results in p53 activation, which can trigger cell-cycle arrest, ROS clearance, or apoptosis. However, what determines the p53-mediated cell fate decision upon metabolic stress is not very well understood. We show here that PGC-1α binds to p53 and modulates its transactivation function, resulting in preferential transactivation of proarrest and metabolic target genes. Thus glucose starvation results in p53-dependent cell-cycle arrest and ROS clearance, but abrogation of PGC-1α expression results in extensive apoptosis. Additionally, prolonged starvation results in PGC-1α degradation concomitant with induction of apoptosis. We have also identified RNF2, a Polycomb group (PcG) protein, as the cognate E3 ubiquitin ligase. Starvation of mice where PGC-1α expression is abrogated results in loss of p53-mediated ROS clearance, enhanced p53-dependent apoptosis, and consequent severe liver atrophy. These findings provide key insights into the role of PGC-1α in regulating p53-mediated cell fate decisions in response to metabolic stress. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Basak S.,National Institute of Immunology | Behar M.,University of California at San Diego | Hoffmann A.,University of California at San Diego
Immunological Reviews | Year: 2012

Mathematical modeling has proved to be a critically important approach in the study of many complex networks and dynamic systems in physics, engineering, chemistry, and biology. The nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) system consists of more than 50 proteins and protein complexes and is both a highly networked and dynamic system. To date, mathematical modeling has only addressed a small fraction of the molecular species and their regulation, but when employed in conjunction with experimental analysis has already led to important insights. Here, we provide a personal account of studying how the NF-κB signaling system functions using mathematical descriptions of the molecular mechanisms. We focus on the insights gained about some of the key regulatory components: the control of the steady state, the signaling dynamics, and signaling crosstalk. We also discuss the biological relevance of these regulatory systems properties. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

National Institute Of Immunology | Date: 2012-05-18

The present invention provides sustained release and long acting forms of peptide therapeutic, particularly Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), including multimeric forms of IL-1ra, including variants of IL-1ra which are capable of multimerising, and compositions comprising the long acting and multimeric forms of IL-1ra, and a process of preparation thereof. The present invention also provides compositions comprising the multimeric forms of IL-1ra, including IL-1raK, KIL-1ra and KIL-1raK, which are effective in inhibiting, treating and/or ameliorating rheumatoid disease, inflammatory diseases or disorders, autoinflammatory disorders or conditions resulting from adverse effects of Interleukin-1 (IL-1). Methods of treating a subject comprising administering the composition comprising the multimeric forms of IL-1ra are also provided.

National Institute Of Immunology | Date: 2012-05-03

Synthetic peptides and peptide copolymers for amelioration of autoimmune neurological syndrome, inflammatory and/or demyelinating conditions such as encephalomyletis are provided herein. The synthetic peptides and peptide copolymers as disclosed are obtained by substitution of at least one alpha amino acid by beta amino acid and/or 3-homo amino acid.

The present invention is based on the findings that bone marrow (BM)-derived progenitor cells more specifically mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and uncommitted hematopoietic cells (lin^()) are capable of regenerating liver in case of injury. The invention provides a method for treating genetic disorder like Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency (A1-ATD) by administering BM derived Lin^() cells in human mutant A1-AT expressing transgenic mouse model. The invention also provides the state of art for replacement of mutant host hepatocytes by transplanting wild-type uncommitted donor (lin^()) cells.

National Institute Of Immunology and Indian Institute of Science | Date: 2013-04-10

The present invention provides benzothiophene carboxamide compounds of formula I, their polymorphs, stereoisomers, prodrugs, solvates, pharmaceutically acceptable salts and formulations thereof, which are useful as COX-2 inhibitors and PfENR inhibitors. The invention further relates to pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds and methods for their application as COX-2 inhibitors for treating inflammation and pain and PfENR inhibitors for use as anti-malarials.

The present invention relates to a new method of gene integration in cells comprising the steps of: preparation of a suspension of poly nucleotide fragments comprising the desired gene in a hypotonic solution; administration of said suspension to cells or tissues; and maintenance of the cells or tissues in vitro or in its normal physiological condition. The invention also relates to a method of generating transgenic animal.

The present investigation relates to entrapment of carbohydrate antigen such as Vi polysaccharide of Salmonella typhi in poly (DL) lactide (PDLLA) and polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) polymer particles. The formulated product not only elicits primary antibody titers from single dose application but also evokes memory antibody titer against the T independent antigen.

Indian Institute of Chemical Technology and National Institute Of Immunology | Date: 2014-04-11

The present invention in general relates Hemoglobin receptor or its part as a novel vaccine candidate against Leishmaniasis. Specifically, the present invention envisages HbR DNA for eliciting immune response in a mammal against Leishmaniasis. Additional aspect of the present invention is related to a vaccine composition for inducing immune response against Leishmaniasis in mammals. In a preferred aspect, the present invention relates to use of HbR-polypeptide as marker for diagnosis of Leishmania in kala-azar patients.

The present invention relates to a method of in vitro isolation of buffalo -caesin promoter (buCSN2) along with the regions exon1, intron1 and exon2 from the genomic DNA in vitro (Bubalus bubalis) and its functional activity in using mammary cell line. The novel buffalo -caesin promoter along with exon1, intron1 and exon2 is isolated and cloned upstream of the Enhanced Green flourescence protein (EGFP) gene and sequenced. The transfection of the DNA construct resulted into production of EGFP protein in mammary cell lines, confirming bioactivity of this newly isolated buffalo promoter sequence. More specifically, the present invention relates to isolation, cloning, sequencing and functional analysis of the buffalo -casein promoter in vitro using mammary cell line.

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