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Nascimento A.C.,National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge | Mota C.,National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge | Coelho I.,National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge | Gueifao S.,National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge | And 3 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

Quinoa, amaranth and purple corn are Andean cereals largely consumed in North of Argentina. Nutrient analysis with the purpose of inclusion in the Argentinean FCDB and e-search EuroFIR has become urgent matter. In this work proximate and mineral profile of Andean cereals cultivated in the North of Argentina were determined and compared with rice. Proximate analysis showed that Andean cereals have similar profile but significantly higher (p < 0.05) than rice. Andean cereals are rich sources of iron, copper, manganese and zinc and better than rice. Phosphorus and magnesium quinoa content could contribute up to 55% of consumers DRI. Andean cereals and rice are poor sources of potassium. To guarantee the interchange of data among users and producers of FCDB component values were obtained in compliance with EuroFIR guidelines for compilation process. Present work provides necessary information to FCDB users who wish to have access to food reference analytical parameters. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Mota C.,National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge | Santos M.,National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge | Matos A.S.,New University of Lisbon | Torres D.,University of Porto | Castanheira I.,National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge
Food Chemistry | Year: 2016

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus) and buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) represent the main protein source in several diets, although these pseudocereals are not currently present in the FCDB nutrient profile information. The aim of this work is to characterise the AA profile of these pseudocereals and compare them with rice. Total protein content revealed to vary from 16.3 g/100 g (quinoa Salta) to 13.1 g/100 g (buckwheat) and lower values were found in rice samples (6.7 g/100 g). For pseudocereals the most abundant essential AA was leucine. Quinoa-Salta evidences the highest leucine content (1013 mg/100 g) and the minor methionine content (199 mg/100 g). Buckwheat was the cereal with the highest phenylalanine content (862 mg/100 g). Rice (Oryza sativa) presents the lowest content for all AA. Results showed pseudocereals as the best source of AA. EuroFIR guidelines where strictly followed and proved to be a crucial tool to guarantee data interchangeability and comparability. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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