NID became institute of national importance in 2014. NID now has degree granting status.The article for the postgraduate campus can be found at National Institute of Design Gandhinagar and National Institute of Design BangaloreThe National Institute of Design is a design school in Ahmedabad, India. The institute functions as an autonomous body under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, government of India. NID is recognised by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research under Ministry of Science and Technology, government of India, as a scientific and industrial design research organisation.Business Week has placed NID in its list of top design schools in the world. Wikipedia.
News Article | March 23, 2016
Circularity is at the core of eco-design, the production methodology in which waste is repurposed and environmental impacts such as raw-material use are reduced through reuse and recycling. But if that loop is a lasso for reining in excess, the reality — as US philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote in the industrializing 1840s — remains that “Things are in the saddle,/And ride mankind”. The scale of global waste and its proportionate economic and environmental costs is gargantuan. Some 269,000 tonnes of plastic litter the world's oceans, and vast industrial cast-offs such as manure lagoons and slag heaps blight landscapes. What lurks beneath is daunting. Landfill swallows much domestic and construction waste, where residual energy is lost and decomposition under anaerobic conditions creates a stream of problematic subwaste, from the powerful greenhouse gas methane to leachable contaminants such as benzene. The United States sends 40% of its food to landfill and discards 70–80% of the 145 million tonnes of construction and demolition debris that it generates each year — even though much of the wood, metal and minerals is recyclable. In 2012, Europe sent almost half of its 2.3 billion tonnes of waste to landfill. And that is just stuff: up to 50% of industrial energy input becomes waste heat. Faced with this entrenched dynamic, how can closed-loop systems become the norm? One answer is to integrate them into circular economies — wheels within wheels. This model looks to extend the life of products at the 'use' stage, retaining value and designing out harmful by-products such as toxic substances, to create the perfect habitat for ecologically innovative companies. For a model that slots so neatly into eco-thinking, the circular economy is a surprisingly venerable concept. In 1966, economist Kenneth Boulding hatched the idea of “a stable, closed-cycle, high-level technology” in his seminal paper 'The economics of the coming spaceship Earth' (see Nature 527, 443–444; 2015). Five years later, in a Life magazine interview, systems theorist R. Buckminster Fuller — an advocate of 'more with less' design from the 1920s — declared that pollution “is nothing but resources we're not harvesting. We allow them to disperse because we've been ignorant of their value.” That year also saw the publication of Design for the Real World (Pantheon), an influential manifesto by Viennese educator (and ally of Fuller) Victor Papanek, who inveighed against designers creating “whole species of permanent garbage to clutter up the landscape” and called for a socially inclusive, environmentally responsible design ethic. The 1970s saw significant practical developments. US landscape architect John T. Lyle pioneered 'regenerative design' focused on local, renewable resource use. Swiss architect Walter Stahel (see page 435) codified existing ideas and developed key new ones as principles for his Product-Life Institute in Geneva in the 1980s. More recently, German chemist Michael Braungart and US architect William McDonough (who had collaborated with Lyle) established the product and system certification Cradle to Cradle (a coinage of Stahel's), which treats industrial flows as metabolic and waste as nutrients ( et al. Nature 494, 172–175; 2013). Their book Cradle to Cradle (North Point) was published in 2002. Such design revolutions are essentially longitudinal collaborations between generations, as historian of technology Walter Isaacson has revealed ( Nature 514, 32–33; 2014). Meanwhile, eco-design has moved on from the isolated gizmos and warranties of the 1970s, such as Germany's 'life cycle' eco-label, Blue Angel. New ventures are designing circularity in from the off, as the case studies here demonstrate. Enterra in Vancouver, Canada, recycles unsold organic food to feed fly larvae, which it then harvests as livestock feed (see 'Transform waste into protein'). AeroFarms in Newark, New Jersey, grows up to 4 million kilograms of baby leafy greens a year in vertical indoor 'fields', without pesticides and using 95% less water than in field farming. A number of grand old companies are retrofitting circularity. BAM Construct UK (of the Dutch Royal BAM Group, founded in 1869) focuses on disassembly — ensuring that the raw materials it uses are either interchangeable or easily separated, and that components can be dismantled (see 'Design for deconstruction'). UK aerospace-engine powerhouse Rolls-Royce plc has cut raw-material use, cost and emissions through its recycling programme, Revert (see 'Create consistent supply systems'), which emphasizes 'power by the hour' and remanufacturing. Academia and governments are also waking up to circular thinking, from China (see page 440) to Europe. British sailor and circumnavigator Ellen MacArthur aims to speed the transition through her eponymous foundation in Cowes, UK, which has synthesized existing knowledge to educate on, and catalyse innovation towards, the circular economy, collaborating energetically with businesses as well as design and engineering universities. On board are Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands; the University of Bradford, UK, which established the first circular-economy master's degree in 2013; and, under a fellowship with the philanthropic US Schmidt Family Foundation in Boca Raton, Florida, a consortium of 12 universities including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Tongji University in Shanghai, China, the Indian National Institute of Design in Ahmedabad and Imperial College London. Collectively, all this constitutes a great deal more than a gleam in Buckminster Fuller's eye. Yet if the circular economy is an ecosystem for green innovation, it is primarily an island one: wildlife corridors are few. No city, region or country has embraced the vision fully. And the urbanizing, consuming and wasting world does not stand still: the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development estimates that the global middle class (with all its material hankerings and 'disposable' income) will swell to 4.9 billion by 2030 (from 1.8 billion in 2009). Meanwhile, the evolving industrial worldscape — a welter of start-ups, monocultures and multinationals, most clinging to business-as-usual — contributes a dynamic unpredictability. There are problems, too, with the circular model itself. Martin Charter, director of the Centre for Sustainable Design at the University for the Creative Arts in Farnham, UK, notes a “lack of overall clarity over the concept. Perhaps just 100 companies worldwide have adopted a true circularity mindset as a core strategy.” As for the circular mantra of switching to the digital, data centres waste an average of 90% of the energy that they consume (30 billion watts, equivalent to the output of 30 nuclear power plants) and account for 17% of technology's carbon footprint. Although the circular 'business case' looks remarkable (global management consultants McKinsey and Company estimate that it could add US$2.6 trillion to the European economy by 2030), the fact that business remains central to the vision is a vulnerability. The growth economy impedes sustainability. In 2014, for instance, Chevron and a number of other big oil companies retreated from investments in renewables because of poor returns. Business competitiveness and 'disruption' can hinder the collaboration that is central to eco-design. UK design engineer Chris Wise has noted that the practice of using 'least materials' is at odds with the construction industry's prime aim of selling more materials ( et al. Nature 494, 172–175; 2013). The 'rebound effect', in which designed efficiency leads to greater use or consumption, is a related conundrum. The thirteenth-century artist Giotto reportedly proved his genius by drawing a perfect circle. The cycles of the biosphere, from water to soil, are wonders of economy. So the idea of a circle strikes a deep chord in us. But one look at any large city reveals disconnection, pollution and social inequality. Can we square the circular economy?
News Article | December 22, 2016
TAIPEI, Taiwan, Dec. 22, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- The 2016 Taiwan International Student Design Competition (TISDC) was organized and promoted by the Ministry of Education's Youth Development Administration (YDA) and sponsored by the Sayling Wen Cultural & Educational Foundation and the iSee Taiwan Foundation. The four major categories in the 2016 competition attracted 14,864 entries from 69 countries and regions. The world-class panel of judges included 27 experts in design from 15 international organizations. Its scope of recruitment and evaluation criteria set the stage for the TISDC to become the top international design competition for students worldwide. In addition to the prizes for the entries in the four main categories, the Sayling Wen Cultural & Educational Foundation, with its vision of " Nurture a warmhearted society of humanist devotion and innovative thinking " and its groundings in Education, Innovation, and Caring, directly financed the 2016 YDA's International Design Organization Award, which expanded the number of awards in this category to 15, with a total prize outlay to NT$1.5 million. An official statement by the Sayling Wen Foundation expressed that the foundation hopes to encourage young designers by integrating their creativity with the multifaceted perspectives of international design organizations. For its part, the iSee Taiwan Foundation, in continuing to use culture, tourism and innovation to promote Taiwan's unique character and charms, again sponsored the TISDC Brand Specific Awards. A total of 621 entries were received from students in Taiwan, Mainland China, Singapore, India, Russia, Israel and elsewhere under this year's awards theme "The New Tableware Era - Taiwanese Cuisine & Cutlery Design". The award achieved its aim of helping students and the world experience the essence of Taiwanese culture. This year's TISDC brand-specific category prizes not only added a splash of excitement to the contest but also welcomed the world to partake in Taiwan's deep and vibrantly delicious food culture. The iSee Taiwan Foundation is committed to becoming an important window on Taiwan for the world. At this year's TISDC, the Foundation actively promoted Taiwanese food and culture through its sponsorship of the Brand Specific Category awards. The theme this year was "The New Tableware Era - Taiwanese Cuisine & Cutlery Design", with five 1st Prizes, five 2nd Prizes and eight 3rd Prizes. These five award winners used innovative and exquisitely executed designs in their tableware entries that highlighted Taiwan's food culture. All deeply impressed the judges and earned first prize recognitions. The entry "Hakka Pounded Tea" by students Ying-Chun Lin, Chiao-Chen Wang, Yu-Xuan Huang, and Yi-Chia Chen from Hsing Wu University of Science and Technology combines Hakka lei cha (hand-ground tea) and tableware design. The ingredients for the tea are poured into the container in an entertaining way before being ground into lei cha. The fun design helps capture and convey the beauty of Taiwan's Hakka culture to new generations. "Food-Time Travel" by students Wen-Cheng Tian, Yu-Wen Wang, Ying Cui, and Min Wei from Anyang Institute of Technology enhances the flavors of food over time by pairing 24 of Taiwan's best-known attractions with the traditional "24 seasonal segments" of Chinese tradition. "Rice Bowl of Mountain Scene" by students Po-Chun Chen, Yu-Fang Hung, and Po-Jui Wu uses Taiwan's world famous rice to depict Taiwan's Five Peaks in a sea of clouds. "Impression of Taiwan" by students Guang-HongYao, Bing-Cao Chao, and Meng-Juan Wang from Fuzhou University presents a set of utensils featuring Taiwan's scenery and cuisine for inspiration, reminding users of Taiwan's scenery while enjoying their meal. "Aromatic" by Ying-Chih Wang of Tatung University integrates images of Taiwan's Sun Moon Lake, Alishan's cloud sea, and Yangmingshan's flower season to accentuate the beauty of Taiwan's tourist attractions while users enjoy its exceptional cuisine. 2016 GTDF Strengthens Visitors' Impressions of Taiwan, Increases International Exchange, and Injects New Innovative Energy into Taiwan's Design Industry In order to fully promote the beauty of Taiwanese culture and to take advantage of having so many international designers in Taiwan, the iSee Taiwan Foundation held two tiers of events in conjunction with the 2016 Global Talent Design Festival(GTDF) in October and November. The culture & art heritage-focused International VIP Cultural Tour included visits to the Asia University Museum of Modern Art, Paper Dome, Chung Tai World Museum, and the National Taichung Theater in October and to the National Palace Museum, the Beitou Museum, and northern Taiwan hot springs in November. The contemporary industrial design-focused Industrial Matching Tour included visits to the National Taiwan Craft Research and Development Institute and the Chungyo Department Store in October and to the Taiwan design centers of Franz and Pegatron in November. Don Chen, CEO of the iSee Taiwan Foundation, noted that his foundation is expanding the level of cultural exchange from tertiary institutions to design industries and is looking forward to injecting new innovative energy into Taiwan's design community through industry-cooperation/synergy-related events and activities. Taiwan International Masters of Design Series Expands Design Vision of Students and Enhances Integration across Disciplines The vision of the Sayling Wen Cultural & Educational Foundation is to "cultivate a humane, caring and innovative society" through the cultivation of exceptional talent and the encouragement of innovative thinking. Taking advantage of the presence of so many world-class jurors in Taiwan, the foundation invited all of TISDC's 11 international jurors to jointly host the Taiwan International Masters of Design Lecture Series on November 29th. The series included lectures by Good Design Australia CEO Brandon Gien (Designing a Better Future), International Poster Biennial (Mexico) founder Xavier Bermudez (Visual Design: A Tool for Social Issues), and INDEX: Design to Improve Life CEO for Communications Adam von Haffner (How to Enhance Your Life, Society and the World). Other lecturers in the series were presented by International Council of Design Vice President Antoine Abi Aad, Thailand Creative & Design Center Managing Director Apisit Laistrooglai, Design Business Chamber of Singapore Honorary Secretary Chee Su Eing, National Institute of Design Director Pradyumna Vyas, International Council of Design President Elect Zachary Haris Ong, and South African Bureau of the Standards Design Institute Senior Manager Polisa Magqibelo. German Design Council Vice Chairman Janine Wunde presented lectures at the lecture series' Tainan venue. The common objectives linking all of the lectures were to expand the design vision of students in Taiwan and to enhance cross-field integration through professional exchange. In addition to planning expert lectures, the Sayling Wen Cultural & Educational Foundation has spared no effort in promoting new services and personnel training. In 2011, the foundation launched World Innovative Service Enabler (WISE), which has facilitated broad-based cooperation with Taiwan's education system. WISE develops and oversees six-month study tours that are designed to create new service industry talent that will be able to transform and upgrade Taiwan's service sector. Board Member & Acting Chief Executive of the Sayling Wen Cultural & Educational Foundation Jeter Her stressed the importance of pre-career learning at the university level. Giving students opportunities to participate in professional training and enterprise implementation activities helps these students gain professional knowledge, which makes them more attractive to employers as proactive drivers of service-industry reform and innovation. Mr. Ted Wen, the incumbent Chairman of the foundation, has declared three core principles for the foundation: Education, Innovation, and Care. Pivoted around these core values is his vision to "Nurture a warmhearted society of humanist devotion and innovative thinking." Going forward, the four pillars of the foundation will be embedding the Chinese culture education in primary and secondary schools, enhancing career skills and teamwork mindset for vocational and college students, promoting lifelong learning in community and advocating service innovation to boost national competitiveness. While Taiwan is on its way toward a sophisticated "Service Economy", the foundation will also continue to devote every effort to promote the four pillars with the aim to breed new service talents, enhance Taiwan's national competitiveness, and play a key enabling role to Taiwan's transformation. The foundation was established by Sayling Wen in 2003. Ted Wen became the Chairman in 2008, and set the Foundation's vision as "becoming an essential portal for the world to see Taiwan" in the three core realms of culture, tourism, and innovation. The dual missions of iSee Taiwan Foundation are to successfully market Taiwan's unique character and heritage globally and to make the world as Taiwan's service market. The foundation focuses on exploring, integrating and promoting the culture and friendly nature of people and places throughout Taiwan, with the goal of creating more opportunities for Taiwan's service industry. The iSee Taiwan Foundation and the Sayling Wen Cultural & Educational Foundation continue to support the TISDC in cooperation with the Ministry of Education. This year, their support has expanded to include the 2016 Global Talent Design Festival (GTDF). The festival offers a new and stimulating array of design-related activities, including: 1) The International Masters Joint University Forum, which will invite representatives from major design organizations worldwide to engage Taiwanese design students and faculty in topical, interactive discussions that spotlight and promote Taiwan's service-oriented strengths; 2) The International VIP Cultural Tour program, which will take visiting design professionals who are in Taiwan for the TISDC on in-depth, topical tours of Taiwan society and culture; and 3) The Industry Joint Reception, which will highlight Taiwan's innate elegance and beauty, which are inexhaustible sources of inspiration for the domestic design industry and the bedrock of ongoing efforts to showcase and promote Taiwan's design strengths to a global audience.
Li Z.,Taiyuan University of Technology |
Yan S.,Taiyuan University of Technology |
Fan H.,National Institute of Design
Fuel | Year: 2013
The stability and activity of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts in liquid phase methanol synthesis have been enhanced by using microwave irradiation in precipitation and aging processes. The phase composition of precursors and the microstructure of calcined CuO/ZnO/Al2O 3 catalysts were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, DTG, HR-TEM, H 2-TPR and XPS, and the catalytic performances were tested in liquid phase reactor for methanol synthesis from syngas (CO + H2). The results showed that the microwave irradiation during precipitation process leaded to a slight improvement of activity of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. In the aging process, microwave irradiation promoted the substitution of Zn2+ in Zn5(CO3) 2(OH)6 compound by Cu2+, leading to enhancement of the content of (Cu, Zn)5(CO3)2(OH) 6 phase in precursors and the stability and activity of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. When microwave irradiation was used in both precipitation and aging processes, the stability and activity of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts were further enhanced. The optimum preparation conditions for the Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst were precipitated at 60 °C and aged at 80 °C under microwave irradiation, the average methanol space time yield (STY) and deactivation rate (R) of the optimum catalyst were 312 mg/(g h) and 0.05%/d, respectively. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Constantin A.,National Institute of Design
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2015
The paper refers to a technical study for the modernization of existing complex mechatronic measuring systems in order to add functions as remote monitoring maintenance. The complex measuring system performs dimensional control and marking function for one subassembly of an automobile system. The Internet provides a low cost way to connect a computer anywhere in the world. Any computer that can connect to a local Internet Service Provider (ISP) and communicate with any other industrial equipment with local network?. With the Internet access the system have facilities to remote monitoring and telemaintenance control. This came with the introduction of the networking administration and protocols. Using these technologies for Predictive Maintenance professionals can improve the performance and dependability of any industrial plant. This particularly interesting technique to optimize "the after-sales service"of an automated installation appeared at the end of the seventies. Gabriel and Pimor (1985) presented one of the first applications in this field: Digital Equipment put a telediagnosis center into service first in the States in 1977, then in France in 1980. Realizing the need for such a maintenance approach for both the installer and the user, the firm integrated a specific micro-computer into every system. This micro-computer served as an intermediary between the end system and the diagnostic center. A specialized console and modem were installed free of charge at the customer's end. Any communication costs were charged to Digital and the maintenance contract amount was reduced by 10 %. This telediagnosis system was first used for corrective maintenance. A 90 % success rate was achieved without the intervention of a nonsite technician  Using the Internet should be a different logic, whose central axis is not only a more efficient individual companies, but it merged with the maintenance and service environment. © 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.
Mathur A.,National Institute of Design
Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, CSCW | Year: 2013
Virtual worlds are well-known as being fantasy spaces sealed off from the real world, but more careful analysis reveals that the boundaries between the real and the virtual are quite porous. Participants or such experiences carry with them their unique set of subjective behavioral assumptions and attitudes that cannot be disentangled from their interactions in the virtual world and vice versa. Like the real world; these modeled worlds simulate appearances very similar to the real one or a hybrid fantasy; which also dictates the rules and conduct accordingly in the simulated world and potentially in the real world, depending on the immersiveness of the experience. From a psychoanalytic viewpoint; these simulations of hybrid fantasies, aspirations or desires originate from within one's own self i.e. the 'unconscious' - a suppressed part of our being which finds itself in control and many a times pampered in these environments, transcending socio-economic, cultural, physical or psychological barriers. Be it engaging web portals, virtual environments, online multiplayer gaming or a simple Avatar on a common chat client; the depiction of this world is very similar to the real one, involving real-time actions, and communication, where the degree of immediacy may vary according to its usage, intent and design. Copyright © 2012 by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. (ACM).
Ayodele O.B.,Universiti Sains Malaysia |
Ayodele O.B.,National Institute of Design |
Lim J.K.,Universiti Sains Malaysia |
Hameed B.H.,Universiti Sains Malaysia
Applied Catalysis A: General | Year: 2012
Degradation of amoxicillin (AMX) was achieved using pillared montmorillonite ferric oxalate (PMFeOx) catalyst in photo-Fenton process. The catalyst was prepared by aluminum pillaring of mild acid treated montmorillonite (MATM) clay followed by incorporation of ferric oxalate. The PMFeOx catalyst produced was characterized. XRD results revealed the intercalation of aluminum with an increase in basal spacing from 1.24 to ∼1.69 nm, the specific surface area also increased from 164.94 to 211.61 m 2 g -1. SEM images of PMFeOx showed the formation of irregular flaky morphology with random orientation. The FTIR profile at relevant wavenumbers detected intercalation of aluminum and incorporation of iron. The optimum condition that achieved 99.65% and 84.26% initial concentration reduction and COD removal respectively, for 40 ppm AMX solution was 15% excess H 2O 2 and 2.0 g PMFeOx catalyst loading at 40 °C in 10 min. The catalyst displayed good efficiency in degrading amoxicillin. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Kumar P.A.,National Institute of Design
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series | Year: 2014
The purpose of this study was to attempt a human centered design of a diabetes management system. Emphasis was put on the interface and the interaction between the user and the products, taking into account the varied social and psychological needs of the patient. The design focuses on simplifying tasks and improving communication with the doctor, for real time evaluation of the patient's needs. The aim of the paper is to promote an empathic and user centric approach to designing self-care medical systems, providing data security and rapid response systems for emergency situations, as well as, helping patients blend in to society rather than stand out. Copyright 2014 ACM.
National Institute of Design | Date: 2014-06-25
The present invention provides a method and a device for sending temporary speed restriction command in C3 system. The method comprises: a TSRS receives a temporary speed restriction command issued by a CTC; the TSRS, according to the speed restriction zone starting point, the speed restriction zone end point, and the jurisdiction of each speed restriction of each TCC and/or RBC on the railway line corresponding to the line number, automatically splits, and then sends a corresponding temporary speed restriction command to the related TCC and/or RBC, and the TCC sends the C2 speed restriction information to a C2 onboard device via an active transponder, and the RBC sends the C3 speed restriction information via a GSM-R. Through setting a TSRS in a railway system and connecting the TSRS to the CTC to obtain a temporary speed restriction command, and distribute the temporary speed restriction command to related TCC, RBC, so as to realize automatic distribution of each TCC, RBC and a centralized management train control speed restriction command within a full-line management and control range; through the TSRS, C2 and C3 speed restriction commands can be set and cancelled simultaneously, so as to guarantee consistency of two train control modes.
National Institute of Design | Date: 2014-06-25
The present invention provides a CTCS-3 onboard device for automatic train operation and a rail transit vehicle, wherein the CTCS-3 onboard device for automatic train operation comprises: an interface module (10) and a train control command generating module (11), wherein the interface module (10) is connected to the train control command generating module (11), an automatic train protection device (20), and a train control interface (21), respectively; the train control command generating module (11) exchanges information with the automatic train protection device (20) and the train control interface (21) via the interface module (10); and the train control command generating module (11) is used to generate train control commands according to information received via the interface module (10), and transmit the train control commands to the train control interface (21) via the interface module (10), so that devices connected to the train control interface (21) can obtain and execute the commands. The CTCS-3 onboard device for automatic train operation and the rail transit car according to the present invention can efficiently and automatically control a high-speed train, which in turn enables the smooth operation and stopping precision, thereby improving passenger comfort and satisfaction.
National Institute of Design | Date: 2014-06-25
A railway train safety monitoring and processing method based on radio block center is provided, including: the radio block center RBC detects whether communication between the RBC and an Interlocking fails or not (100); when a communication failure occurs, the RBC stops sending messages to all the railway trains in the control range of the Interlocking and all railway trains whose movement authority MA extend to the control range of the Interlocking (101). The railway train safety monitoring and processing method based on radio block center eliminates the influence on train safety when communication between the RBC and a wayside device fails in a CTCS-3 train control system, and ensures safe operation of the train and operation efficiency.