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Ahmadabad, India

NID became institute of national importance in 2014. NID now has degree granting status.The article for the postgraduate campus can be found at National Institute of Design Gandhinagar and National Institute of Design BangaloreThe National Institute of Design is a design school in Ahmedabad, India. The institute functions as an autonomous body under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, government of India. NID is recognised by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research under Ministry of Science and Technology, government of India, as a scientific and industrial design research organisation.Business Week has placed NID in its list of top design schools in the world. Wikipedia.

Liu L.,National Institute of Design
Journal of Geomatics | Year: 2016

Digital elevation model (DEM) which comprises many planes with boundary conditions to simulate the natural terrain, a basic surveying and mapping product and widely used in surveying and mapping, remote sensing, military, engineering construction and other industries. Taking a specific project as an example, this paper introduces a DEM-based calculation method for slope top line by applying the design of slope base line and slope ratio. Source

He B.,National Institute of Design | Wang G.,Tsinghua University | Zhang C.,Microsoft
Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation | Year: 2014

In this paper, we propose a fully automatic image segmentation and matting approach with RGB-Depth (RGB-D) data based on iterative transductive learning. The algorithm consists of two key elements: robust hard segmentation for trimap generation, and iterative transductive learning based image matting. The hard segmentation step is formulated as a Maximum A Posterior (MAP) estimation problem, where we iteratively perform depth refinement and bi-layer classification to achieve optimal results. For image matting, we propose a transductive learning algorithm that iteratively adjusts the weights between the objective function and the constraints, overcoming common issues such as over-smoothness in existing methods. In addition, we present a new way to form the Laplacian matrix in transductive learning by ranking similarities of neighboring pixels, which is essential to efficient and accurate matting. Extensive experimental results are reported to demonstrate the state-of-the-art performance of our method both subjectively and quantitatively. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Menon G.,National Institute of Design
Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies | Year: 2015

The first part of the paper elucidates the challenges of design research as well as some of the approaches towards design research. The challenges of design are primarily due to the nature of design and the understanding of ‘knowledge’ and ‘truth’ in design. Design is a practice based profession and is considered to be dynamic, contextual and creative. This has resulted in a multiplicity of approaches to design as well as a need for new methods and approaches to design. Research to arrive at new methods and approaches in design could seek knowledge from design practice to build design theory. Design education is unique for its pedagogy based on practice. The paper proposes a research model to link design practice, education and research. It is argued that establishing links between educational institutions, industries and researchers could enable the study of design practice and help develop models and frameworks for design. © Springer India 2015. Source

Salve U.R.,National Institute of Design
Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: American Optometric Association defines Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) as "complex of eye and vision problems related to near work which are experienced during or related to computer use." This happens when visual demand of the tasks exceeds the visual ability of the users. Even though problems were initially attributed to computer-related activities subsequently similar problems are also reported while carrying any near point task. Jewellery manufacturing activities involves precision designs, setting the tiny metals and stones which requires high visual attention and mental concentration and are often near point task. It is therefore expected that the workers engaged in jewellery manufacturing may also experience symptoms like CVS. Aim: Keeping the above in mind, this study was taken up (1) To identify the prevalence of symptoms like CVS among the workers of the jewellery manufacturing and compare the same with the workers working at computer workstation and (2) To ascertain whether such symptoms have any permanent vision-related problems. Setting and Design: Case control study. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in Zaveri Bazaar region and at an IT-enabled organization in Mumbai. The study involved the identification of symptoms of CVS using a questionnaire of Eye Strain Journal, opthalmological check-ups and measurement of Spontaneous Eye Blink rate. The data obtained from the jewellery manufacturing was compared with the data of the subjects engaged in computer work and with the data available in the literature. Statistical Analysis: A comparative inferential statistics was used. Results and Conclusion: Results showed that visual demands of the task carried out in jewellery manufacturing were much higher than that of carried out in computer-related work. © 2015, Medknow Publications. All rights reserved. Source

Li Z.,Taiyuan University of Technology | Yan S.,Taiyuan University of Technology | Fan H.,National Institute of Design
Fuel | Year: 2013

The stability and activity of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts in liquid phase methanol synthesis have been enhanced by using microwave irradiation in precipitation and aging processes. The phase composition of precursors and the microstructure of calcined CuO/ZnO/Al2O 3 catalysts were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, DTG, HR-TEM, H 2-TPR and XPS, and the catalytic performances were tested in liquid phase reactor for methanol synthesis from syngas (CO + H2). The results showed that the microwave irradiation during precipitation process leaded to a slight improvement of activity of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. In the aging process, microwave irradiation promoted the substitution of Zn2+ in Zn5(CO3) 2(OH)6 compound by Cu2+, leading to enhancement of the content of (Cu, Zn)5(CO3)2(OH) 6 phase in precursors and the stability and activity of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. When microwave irradiation was used in both precipitation and aging processes, the stability and activity of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts were further enhanced. The optimum preparation conditions for the Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst were precipitated at 60 °C and aged at 80 °C under microwave irradiation, the average methanol space time yield (STY) and deactivation rate (R) of the optimum catalyst were 312 mg/(g h) and 0.05%/d, respectively. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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