National Institute of Deserts

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan

National Institute of Deserts

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENV.2009.4.1.4.1 | Award Amount: 646.56K | Year: 2010

Central Asia is an important Europes partner facing critical environmental challenges. Possessing certain experiences and capabilities of EO data application for solving environmental, economic, societal and other development problems, this region is better prepared for the uptake of GEOSS technologies than many other clusters of developing countries. Thus, the goal of SEOCA is to promote European GEO-techlogies in the region of Central Asia as a platform solution for the regional development challenges. In order to achieve this goal, the following activities will be implemented: - mapping of regional needs, capabilities, stakeholders, providers and planning further GEO CB activities in the region for the period until 2020 - pilot GEO capacity building programme incl. training for stakeholders, reforming educational standards, direct brokerage between stakeholders and providers, etc. - setting up regional network of GEO offices in all 5 countries - pilot regional GEONETCast network - systemic dissemination and networking activities aimed at promoting GEOSS technologies in the region, building synergies with other relevant initiatives. As a result the consortium expects that SEOCA will radically increase acceptance of GEOSS technologies by regional governments for national environmental services, meteorology, natural hazards prevention, geological explorations, etc. Moreover, the project will lay a foundation for long-term GEO CB activities in the region


Buras A.,University of Greifswald | Wucherer W.,Michael Succow Foundation | Zerbe S.,Free University of Bozen Bolzano | Noviskiy Z.,21 Katartal | And 6 more authors.
Forest Ecology and Management | Year: 2012

The Haloxylon vegetation in Central Asia has undergone vast changes throughout the last century, which has lead to a strong degradation and desertification of the desert ecosystems in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. In terms of combating desertification and restoration of ecosystems, two pilot-projects recently are aiming at the reforestation of Haloxylon ecosystems. Hereby, two of the internationally discussed climate change mitigation activities may be of higher relevance: (I) to sequester CO 2 through afforestation and reforestation and (II) to substitute fossil fuels by sustainable utilization of regenerative bio-fuels. With particular focus on Central Asian desert ecosystems, the questions arose: (I) to which extent Haloxylon species - the dominant shrub species - sequester CO 2, (II) what the recent carbon pool related to Haloxylon ecosystems is, and (III) in which magnitude the existing and/or reforested ecosystems could be utilized for bio-fuels sustainably. Therefore, this study aims at the derivation of allometric models including carbon contents for the two Haloxylon species in Central Asian desert ecosystems. A first application to measured transect data across Central Asia is carried out to reflect the recent biomass variability of the two study species. We found, that above- and below-ground biomass for both species is best modeled when taking growth height, basal area, and canopy area of shrubs into account (0.87


Levin B.A.,RAS Severtsov Institute of Ecology | Freyhof J.,Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries | Lajbner Z.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Perea S.,CSIC - National Museum of Natural Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | Year: 2012

We reconstructed the matrilineal phylogeny of Asian algae-eating fishes of the genus Capoeta based on complete mitochondrial gene for cytochrome b sequences obtained from 20 species sampled from the majority of the range and 44 species of closely related barbs of the genera Barbus s. str. and Luciobarbus. The results of this study show that Capoeta forms a strongly supported monophyletic subclade nested within the Luciobarbus clade, suggesting that specialized scraping morphology appeared once in the evolutionary history of the genus. We detected three main groups of Capoeta: the Mesopotamian group, which includes three species from the Tigris-Euphrates system and adjacent water bodies, the Anatolian-Iranian group, which has the most diversified structure and encompasses many species distributed throughout Anatolian and Iranian inland waters, and the Aralo-Caspian group, which consists of species distributed in basins of the Caspian and Aral Seas, including many dead-end rivers in Central Asia and Northern Iran. The most probable origination pathway of the genus Capoeta is hypothesized to occur as a result of allopolyploidization. The origin of Capoeta was found around the Langhian-Serravallian boundary according to our molecular clock. The diversification within the genus occurred along Middle Miocene-Late Pliocene periods. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


Oppo D.,University of Bologna | Capozzi R.,University of Bologna | Nigarov A.,National Institute of Deserts | Esenov P.,National Institute of Deserts
Marine and Petroleum Geology | Year: 2014

A geological and geochemical study has been carried out to investigate the relationships between major mud volcano structures and deep fluid migration in the Cheleken peninsula, in the South Caspian Basin. The fluid geochemistry allowed the origin and migration of the saline waters and the hydrocarbons to be deduced along with the regional source and reservoir rocks. The emitted waters formed by the mixing of deep highly saline water from the main source rocks of the Maykop Fm with the Caspian-like pore water contained in the Pliocene reservoirs. The water composition is very similar to that emitted by the mud volcanoes in Azerbaijan, allowing comparisons to be done between the reservoirs in the western and eastern sides of the South Caspian Basin. The associated oil is derived from a mixed type II/III kerogen deposited in a sub-oxic marine environment and generated during the early oil window. The oil biomarkers indicate that the source rock is the Maykop Fm., as previously determined for the other areas of the South Caspian Basin.The spontaneous emissions, showing different morphologies, are mainly aligned along normal and transtensive fault systems, which provide effective pathways for rapid fluid ascent from deep reservoirs to the surface. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Zonn I.S.,Engineering Research Production Center for Water Management | Esenov P.E.,National Institute of Deserts
Handbook of Environmental Chemistry | Year: 2014

The Karakum Desert is one of the largest deserts worldwide. It locates within one Central Asian country – Turkmenistan. Covering about 80% of its territory it is vital for the economic development of the country. It holds in storage the oil, gas, and other mineral deposits. Distant-range cattle husbandry is practiced here; cotton growing, feed production, melon crop cultivation, and horticulture are developed on irrigated lands. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.


Kokanova E.O.,National Institute of Deserts
Entomological Review | Year: 2014

Climatic changes and anthropogenic impact on natural ecosystems result in the growth of locust populations. The general characteristic of the spatial distribution of the Moroccan (Dociostaurus maroccanus Thunb.), Italian (Calliptamus italicus L.), and Asian migratory (Locusta migratoria migratoria L.) locusts in Turkmenistan are given. © 2014, Pleiades Publishing, Inc.


Kokanova E.O.,National Institute of Deserts
Entomological Review | Year: 2014

Trophic relationships of the Moroccan locust Dociostaurus maroccanus (Thunberg, 1815) (Orthoptera, Acrididae) hoppers and adults in Turkmenistan are discussed. It was established that food preferences of the locust may vary according to the climatic conditions. Nine species of wild and cultivated plants are recorded as hosts for the Moroccan locust for the first time. © 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.


Esenov P.E.,National Institute of Deserts
Handbook of Environmental Chemistry | Year: 2014

The characteristics of groundwaters, their salinity, and chemical composition of the upper water-bearing horizon are the important factors for development of land reclamation of oasis and pasturelands in the plain part of Turkmenistan. This chapter is focused on the main characteristics of groundwaters and salinization of soils in the Dashoguz, Lebap, Mary, Akhal, and Balkan Velayats in Turkmenistan. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013.


Babaev A.G.,National Institute of Deserts | Alibekov L.A.,National Institute of Deserts | Mukhabbatov Kh.M.,National Institute of Deserts | Umarov Kh.U.,National Institute of Deserts
Izvestiya Akademii Nauk, Seriya Geograficheskaya | Year: 2010

The article is a broadened variant of the report presented at the Conference of the Scientific Council on Fundamental geographical problems (Minsk, May 2009). Main natural and anthropogenic threats and risks of the sustainable development of the Central Asian states, including desertification and problems of the Aral Sea, reduction of water reserves and fresh water deficit, threat of bursting of Sarezk Lake dam, which accumulated 17 km 3 of water for nearly 100 years, high seismic activity and etc are examined in the article. Strategic aim of management and securing of safeness and recommendation for preventive actions towards decreasing of negative effects from natural disasters are raised.

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