National Institute of Chemical Safety NICS

Daejeon, South Korea

National Institute of Chemical Safety NICS

Daejeon, South Korea

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Ha T.J.,South Korean National Institute of Animal Science | Lee M.-H.,South Korean National Institute of Crop Science | Seo W.D.,South Korean National Institute of Crop Science | Baek I.-Y.,South Korean National Institute of Animal Science | And 2 more authors.
Food Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2017

The present study is the first to investigate the germination properties regarding phytochemicals, amino acids, total phenolics, and antioxidant capacities of white and black sesame seeds. Nutritional components and antioxidant effects showed considerable differences. Sesamine and sesamolin composition decreased (white: 4.21→1.72, 3.57→1.57 mg/g; black: 2.43→0.58, 1.36→0.45 mg/g) during germination. Moreover, catechin displayed the predominant composition in sprouted seeds with values of 13.50 mg/g (white) and 19.09 (black) mg/g followed by (-)-epicatechin and sinapic acid. Total phenolics increased by approximately 4 times upon germination, i.e., 503.1±27.1→ 2085.0±56.7 (white) and 645.8±31.5→2480.1±49.5 (black), mg GAE/g. Amino acids also remarkably increased in sprouted white (7.04→31.69mg/g) and black (6.55→26.97mg/g) seeds, with individual composition occurring in the following order: asparagine>arginine>tryptophan>leucine>alanine. In particular, arginine and tryptophan exhibited the greatest variations. The antioxidant effects against DPPH radical were stronger in sprouted seeds depending on the phytochemicals. Therefore, sprouted sesame can be utilized as an excellent source for functional foods. © 2017, The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Lee J.H.,National Institute of Chemical Safety NICS | Park M.J.,Kyungpook National University | Ryu H.W.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Yuk H.J.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Functional Foods | Year: 2016

The changes in phenolic and antioxidant capacities of seedlings of various barley cultivars through four different harvest times were investigated. Ten phenolics were characterised as hydroxycinnamic acid, orientin, isoorientin, and isovitexin derivatives using UPLC-PDA-ESI/MS and NMR. In particular, lutonarin (2) and saponarin (3) were the predominant constituents (71–75%) with significant differences in cultivars and harvest times. The highest average total phenolic content was found as 2671.8 mg/100 g on 23 days after the sowing, whereas the lowest was 1400.8 mg/100 g on 56 days. The radical scavenging abilities also exhibited considerable differences in 80% of methanol extracts (40 µg/mL), depending upon the phenolic contents. Interestingly, isoorientin (5) and orientin (6) possessed potent antioxidant effects with IC50 values of 20.7 ± 1.1 and 27.5 ± 7.3 µM (DPPH) and 5.7 ± 0.3 and 8.2 ± 0.3 µM (ABTS), respectively. These results may be contributed to enhancing the value of barley as a functional food ingredient and dietary supplement. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Hwang C.E.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | Haque M.A.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | Lee J.H.,National Institute of Chemical Safety NICS | Ahn M.J.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | And 11 more authors.
Korean Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2016

This study evaluated the changes of phytoestrogen contents and antioxidant activities of soybean-powder milk (SPM) prepared from yellow soybean during fermentation with Lactobacillus plantarum P1201. In consequence, the levels of total phenolic and isoflavone-aglycone contents, ABTS and DPPH radical-scavenging activities, and FRAP assay values increased, while isoflavone-glycoside contents decreased during fermentation. The highest levels of daidzein, glycitein, and genistein were present in the Daepung SPM at concentrations of 177.92, 20.64, and 106.14 μg/g, respectively after 60 h of fermentation. Moreover, Daepung SPM showed the highest DPPH radical-scavenging activity of 48.54%, an ABTS radical-scavenging activity of 99.25%, and a FRAP assay value of 0.84 at the end of fermentation. The fermented Daepung SPM possessed highest isoflavone aglycone contents and antioxidant activities, which can be utilized for the development of functional foods.


Lee J.H.,National Institute of Chemical Safety NICS | Hwang S.-R.,National Institute of Chemical Safety NICS | Lee Y.-H.,National Institute of Chemical Safety NICS | Kim K.,National Institute of Chemical Safety NICS | And 2 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

Abstract Changes in the compositions (isoflavone, protein, oil, and fatty acid) and antioxidant properties were evaluated in healthy soybeans and soybeans diseased by Phomopsis longicolla and Cercospora kikuchii. The total isoflavone content (1491.3 μg/g) of healthy seeds was observed to be considerably different than that of diseased seeds (P. longicolla: 292.6, C. kikuchii: 727.2 μg/g), with malonlygenistin exhibiting the greatest decrease (726.1 → 57.1, 351.9 μg/g). Significantly, three isoflavones exhibited a slight increase, and their structures were confirmed as daidzein, glycitein, and genistein, based on their molecular ions at m/z 253.1, 283.0, and 269.1 using the negative mode of HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS. The remaining compositions showed slight variations. The effects against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radicals in healthy seeds were stronger than the diseased soybeans, depending upon the isoflavone level. Our results may be useful in evaluating the relationship between composition and antioxidant activity as a result of changes caused by soybean fungal pathogens. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Kim B.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | Lee B.W.,South Korean National Institute of Crop Science | Hwang C.E.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | Lee Y.-Y.,South Korean National Institute of Crop Science | And 12 more authors.
Korean Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2015

In this study, a total of 16 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from fermented foods. Among those strains, the S48 and P1201 strains were capable of producing higher CLA contents than other LABs. The two strains were classified as Lactobacillus plantarum based on morphological, physiological, chemotaxonomic, and molecular-genetic properties. The survival rates of these strain appeared to be 59.57% and 62.22% under artificial gastric conditions after 4 h at pH 2.5, respectively. These strains produced the cis-9, trans-11, and trans-10, cis-12 CLA isomers from 8% skim milk medium supplemented with the different free LA concentration at 37°C for 48 h and the production of two CLA isomers constantly increased in the growth until 48 h of incubation. After 48 h of fermentation, the levels of CLA appeared highest in steamed soy-powder milk than fresh and roasted soy-powder milks. In particular, the CLA contents were produced 183.57 μg/ml and 198.72 μg/ml from steamed soy-powder milk after fermentation (48 h) with S48 and P1201 strains, respectively. © 2015, The Microbiological Society of Korea.

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