National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution

Moscow, Russia

National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution

Moscow, Russia

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Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Taxon | Year: 2017

Analysis of the nomenclature of the fossil genus Gyrogonites Lam. (Algae: Charophyceae) shows that the name was first treated by Lamarck (1801) as an incompletely known fossil mollusk from France. The species was given the name Gyrogonites medicaginulus because of its resemblance to the fruit of Medicago sativa (lucern). The gyrogonites were shown to be fossilized charophycean reproductive structures by Leman in 1812, now understood as calcified female gametangia preserved after the escape or the decomposition of protoplasmic material. Differences in the starting date of zoological nomenclature (1 Jannuary 1758) and that of plant fossils (1 January 1820) are resolved by Art. 45.1 of the botanical code, by which Gyrogonites is acceptable as a validly published pre-1820 fossil charophycean name even though it was originally treated as a fossil animal. Gyrogona Lam. (1805) is a superfluous renaming of Gyrogonites (still considered at that time as a zoological name for a mollusk) and therefore should be rejected under the botanical and zoological codes. The inclusion of the type of Gyrogonites in the later established fossil higher-plant genus Bechera Sternb. (1825), a repository genus for vegetative verticillate axes and reproductive organs, renders the latter genus name as nomenclaturally superfluous and illegitimate. Six fossil species of Gyrogonites are validated for the first time, 19 species and related 2 subspecies of Gyrogona are formally recombined into Gyrogonites. Two names, G. lemanii and G. oehlertii, are neotypified, and a lectotype is designated for G. wrightii. Precise dates of publication of the taxonomic works on gyrogonites of Bowdich, Brongniart, Fleming, Lamarck and Parkinson, supplementing records of Taxonomic literature II, are given for the first time. © International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) 2017.


Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Phytotaxa | Year: 2017

The nomenclature of some fossil and extant homonymic species of Aralia is resolved. Aralia laevis J. Wen (extant) is replaced by a new name A. indonesica nom. nov., because of earlier homonym, A. laevis E.M.Reid (fossil). Aralia debilis J. Wen is rehabilitated as a legitimate substitute to the later homonym, A. elegans Ho, due to the existence of several earlier homonyms, the extant A. elegans Linden ex Koch, A. elegans Cunn. ex W.Hill and A. elegans Hort. ex Saporta, and the fossil A. elegans Velenovský. Additional four new replacement names are proposed for fossil species based on endocarp remains from the Miocene sediments of Siberia: Aralia asiatica nom. nov. for A. rugosa Dorofeev non Blume, A. mammuthica nom. nov. for A. dubia V.P. Nikitin non Sprengel nec Fontaine, A. borealis nom. nov. for A. tertiaria Dorofeev non Pilar, and A. tobolica nom. nov. for A. lucida Dorofeev non Hasskarl. The later homonym A. angustiloba Kolakovsky non Lesquereux, based on the fossil foliage from the Pliocene sediments of Transcaucasus, is transferred into Brassaiopsis as B. kolakovskyana nom. nov. Fossil species A. furcata, described on the basis of leaf remains from the Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian) of Bohemia, is transferred into Haliserites as H. furcatus comb. nov. The fossil later homonym A. serrata Knowlton non Saporta, described on the basis of leaf remains from the Palaeocene of North America, is transferred into Platanus as P. serrata nom. nov. © 2017 Magnolia Press.


Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Phytotaxa | Year: 2016

The creation of the International Fossil Plant Names Index (IFPNI, 2014 onwards) with the aim of listing of all fossil plant species reveals a few new cases of homonymy between fossil and extant species. In the present paper there are proposed two new combinations in Hemitrapa Miki (1941:289) and four replacing names for later homonyms of Trapa Linnaeus (1753:120) that are illegitimate (Art. 53.1 of the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and Plants—ICN, McNeill et al, 2012). New nomenclatural acts were registered through a pilot registration version in the International Fossil Plant Names Index (IFPNI 2014 onwards), with unique persistent registration barcode (LSID) listed under each newly proposed fossil plant taxon. © 2016 Magnolia Press.


Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Palaeoworld | Year: 2012

New generic names . Szecalamitina nom. nov., . Gigantogramme nom. nov., and . Gigantocladus nom. nov. are proposed here for the Permian plants of Cathaysia to replace illegitimate names . Siella Yang, 2006, . Acanthocladus Yang, 2006, and . Hallea Yang et Wu, 2006, which are later homonyms respectively of flowering plants . Siella . Pimenov, 1978 (. Rubiaceae) and . Acanthocladus . Hasskarl, 1864 (. Polygalaceae), . Hallea . Mathews, 1948, used for fossil seeds. New combinations are made to transfer all described species of these Chinese fossil plants into new genera, . Szecalamitina, . Gigantogramme, and . Gigantocladus. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. and Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS.


Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Phytotaxa | Year: 2016

The new names Mciveriella and Rhamnica are proposed to replace later homonyms, Harmsia McIver & Basinger and Rhamnites Forbes ex McIver & Basinger respectively. Rhamnites Newberry is restored as a valid genus, being synonymized with Amelanchites McIver & Basinger. Rhamnites Forbes ex Berry is re-classified as Berchemiopsis McGinitie. The new combinations Archeampelos lobatocrenata, Archeampelos nebrascensis, Berchemiopsis berchemiiformis, Mciveriella hydrocotyloidea, Rhamnica cleburnii, Rhamnica goldiana, Rhamnites asperus are proposed. Furthermore the illegitimate name Populus cordata Newberry (non Hort. ex Poiret) is lectotypified and transferred into Archeampelos with the new name A. yellowstonica. © 2016 Magnolia Press.


Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Phytotaxa | Year: 2016

12 fossil species names of Potamogeton described from the Miocene to Pleistocene sediments of Eurasia based on fruit endocarp findings were found to be later homonyms of some extant and fossil species of Potamogeton and are here replaced by new names: Potamogeton baluevae (replacement name for fossil P. decipiens), P. borsukiae (replacement name for fossil P. carinatus), P. gorbunovii (replacement name for fossil P. pseudofriesii), P. jakubovskajae (replacement name for fossil P. praenatans), P. kasakorum (replacement name for fossil P. pliocenicus), P. kolesnikovae (replacement name for fossil P. stylatus), P. kondinskajae (replacement name for fossil P. obtusus), P. novorossicus (replacement name for fossil P. corniculatus), P. pashkovii (replacement name for fossil P. striatus), P. rutiloides (replacement name for fossil P. palaeorutilus), P. snigirevskajae (replacement name for fossil P. microcarpus), P. volgensis (replacement name for fossil P. tataricus). Nomenclature and typification of names are given along with their palaeogeographic and stratigraphic data. © 2016 Magnolia Press.


Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Taxon | Year: 2011

Exact publication dates are provided for the first time for Scripta Botanica [Botanichyeskiya zapiski], the first Russian scientific botanical journal which appeared from 1886 to 1916.


Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Taxon | Year: 2016

“Cycadeoidea”, “C. megalophylla”, “C. microphylla” and “Cycadeoideaceae” (as “Cycadeoideae”) were not validly published by Buckland in his works of 1828 because his proposed fossil genus “Cycadeoidea” lacked a separate diagnosis or description. Later in 1828. Brongniart validly published the genus name Mantellia for this fossil taxon with the type being M. nidiformis Brongn., the same taxon represented by Buckland’s “C. megalophylla”. Later Lindley & Hutton (1832) validly published Cycadeoidea but as an illegitimate superfluous replacement name of Mantellia. The confused nomenclatural history of Mantellia (≡ Cycadeoidea) is summarized and corrected with new bibliographic and historical data. Since the illegitimate name Cycadeoidea is widely used in systematic palaeobotany for distinct spermatophyte fossils, its retention is sought through a conservation proposal. © International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) 2016.


Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Phytotaxa | Year: 2016

The International Fossil Plant Names Index (IFPNI, 2014 onwards) lists some fossil plant species names which have precedence over homonymic extant species names. A few cases of the homonymy between extant and fossil species were recently resolved (Turner 2014, Doweld 2015a, 2015b, 2015c, 2015d) © 2016 Magnolia Press.


Doweld A.B.,National Institute of Carpology Gaertnerian Institution
Phytotaxa | Year: 2015

15 fossil species of Potamogeton subgen. Coleogeton, described from the Oligocene to Pleistocene sediments of Eurasia, based on fruit endocarp and leaf imprints findings, were recombined into a newly reinstated distinct genus Stuckenia Börner: S. aldanensis (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. arctovaginata (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. carbonata (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. clavata (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. gibbosa (Dorof. & Wieliczk.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. matyrensis (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. omoloica (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. palaeofiliformis (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. praepectinata (Negru) Doweld, comb. nov., S. praevaginata (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. pseudorostrata (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. sakmarensis (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. tenuicarpa (C. Reid & E. Reid) Doweld, comb. nov., S. vaginatoides (Dorof.) Doweld, comb. nov., S. mirabilis (Kutuzk.) Doweld, comb. nov. Nomenclature and typification of species names are given along with their palaeogeographic and stratigraphic data. In addition, a neotype has been designated for S. tenuicarpa (C. Reid & E. Reid) Doweld, comb. nov. © 2015 Magnolia Press.

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