National Institute of Cancerology

Mexico City, Mexico

National Institute of Cancerology

Mexico City, Mexico
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Diaz-Chavez J.,National Institute of Cancerology | Fonseca-Sanchez M.A.,Autonomous University of Mexico City | Arechaga-Ocampo E.,National Institute of Cancerology | Flores-Perez A.,Autonomous University of Mexico City | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

The use of chemopreventive natural compounds represents a promising strategy in the search for novel therapeutic agents in cancer. Resveratrol (3,4′,5-trans-trihydroxystilbilene) is a dietary polyphenol found in fruits, vegetables and medicinal plants that exhibits chemopreventive and antitumor effects. In this study, we searched for modulated proteins with preventive or therapeutic potential in MCF-7 breast cancer cells exposed to resveratrol. Using two-dimensional electrophoresis we found significant changes (FC >2.0; p≤0.05) in the expression of 16 proteins in resveratrol-treated MCF-7 cells. Six down-regulated proteins were identified by tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) as heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), translationally-controlled tumor protein, peroxiredoxin-6, stress-induced-phosphoprotein-1, pyridoxine-5′-phosphate oxidase-1 and hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase; whereas one up-regulated protein was identified as triosephosphate isomerase. Particularly, HSP27 overexpression has been associated to apoptosis inhibition and resistance of human cancer cells to therapy. Consistently, we demonstrated that resveratrol induces apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. Apoptosis was associated with a significant increase in mitochondrial permeability transition, cytochrome c release in cytoplasm, and caspases -3 and -9 independent cell death. Then, we evaluated the chemosensitization effect of increasing concentrations of resveratrol in combination with doxorubicin anti-neoplastic agent in vitro. We found that resveratrol effectively sensitize MCF-7 cells to cytotoxic therapy. Next, we evaluated the relevance of HSP27 targeted inhibition in therapy effectiveness. Results evidenced that HSP27 inhibition using RNA interference enhances the cytotoxicity of doxorubicin. In conclusion, our data indicate that resveratrol may improve the therapeutic effects of doxorubicin in part by cell death induction. We propose that potential modulation of HSP27 levels using natural alternative agents, as resveratrol, may be an effective adjuvant in breast cancer therapy. © 2013 Díaz-Chávez et al.

PubMed | Autonomous University of Mexico City, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Polytechnic School of Algiers, Institute Pasteur Paris and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016

Entamoeba histolytica is the intestinal parasite responsible for human amoebiasis that is a leading cause of death in developing countries. In this protozoan, heterogeneity in DNA content, polyploidy and genome plasticity have been associated to alterations in mechanisms controlling DNA replication and cell division. Studying the function of the transcription factor EhPC4, we unexpectedly found that it is functionally related to DNA replication, and multinucleation. Site-directed mutagenesis on the FRFPKG motif revealed that the K127 residue is required for efficient EhPC4 DNA-binding activity. Remarkably, overexpression of EhPC4 significantly increased cell proliferation, DNA replication and DNA content of trophozoites. A dramatically increase in cell size resulting in the formation of giant multinucleated trophozoites (polykaryon) was also found. Multinucleation event was associated to cytokinesis failure leading to abortion of ongoing cell division. Consistently, genome-wide profiling of EhPC4 overexpressing trophozoites revealed the up-regulation of genes involved in carbohydrates and nucleic acids metabolism, chromosome segregation and cytokinesis. Forced overexpression of one of these genes, EhNUDC (nuclear movement protein), led to alterations in cytokinesis and partially recapitulated the multinucleation phenotype. These data indicate for the first time that EhPC4 is associated with events related to polyploidy and genome stability in E. histolytica.

Espinosa M.,National Institute of Genomic Medicine | Ceballos-Cancino G.,National Institute of Genomic Medicine | Callaghan R.,University of Oxford | Maldonado V.,National Institute of Cancerology | And 3 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2012

Survivin is an important member of the Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) family and has essential roles in apoptosis and cell cycle progression. This gene is commonly upregulated in human cancer and provides an exciting diagnostic and therapeutic target. Survivin is expressed as several isoforms that are generated by alternative splicing, and some of these present antagonistic activities. Currently, information regarding the regulation of these isoforms is lacking. In this study, we sought to analyze survivin Delta Ex3 expression in a three-dimensional model of avascular tumors and its overexpression effects in processes such as proliferation, clonogenicity and apoptosis. We found a positive correlation between spheroid growth and survivin Delta Ex3 expression during the exponential phase. We demonstrated that this isoform not only decreased apoptosis but also inhibited tumor spheroid formation by decreasing proliferation and clonogenic survival. These results point toward a dual and antagonistic effect of this spliced survivin isoform in cancer development. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Fonseca-Sanchez M.A.,Autonomous University of Mexico City | Cuevas S.R.,Institute of Breast Diseases FUCAM | Mendoza-Hernandez G.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Bautista-Pina V.,Institute of Breast Diseases FUCAM | And 8 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2012

Breast cancer is the neoplasia with the highest incidence in women worldwide. Proteomics approaches have accelerated the discovery of diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. Here, we compared the proteomic profiles of breast tumors versus non-tumoral tissues in order to identify modulated proteins, which could represent potential markers associated to clinical features. By two-dimensional electrophoresis, we detected 28 differentially expressed proteins. Among these, 21 proteins were up-regulated and 7 were down-regulated in tumors (p<0.05). Proteins were identified using LC/ESI-MS/MS tandem mass spectrometry. One protein was identified as glyoxalase 1 (GLO1), an enzyme involved in detoxification of methylglyoxal, a cytotoxic product of glycolysis. GLO1 overexpression was confirmed by western blot assays in paired normal and tumor breast tissues in clinical stages I-III, and by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays (TMA) comprising a cohort of 98 breast tumors and 20 healthy specimens. Results from TMA demonstrated that GLO1 is overexpressed in 79% of tumors. Interestingly, GLO1 up-regulation correlates with advanced tumor grade (p<0.05). These findings demonstrate the association of GLO1 overexpression with tumor grade and pointed out for additional studies to establish the importance of GLO1 in breast cancer.

PubMed | National Institute of Genomic Medicine and National Institute of Cancerology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular carcinogenesis | Year: 2015

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-4 (TIMP-4) belongs to a family of extracellular matrix (ECM) metalloproteinases inhibitors that are overexpressed in several cancers. However, the role of TIMP-4 during carcinogenesis is poorly understood. To evaluate TIMP-4 functions in carcinogenesis, stably transfected cells overexpressing this tissue inhibitor were used. Xenograft tumor growth, stem cell enrichment, colony formation, and gene regulation were investigated. Microarrays and in silico analysis were carried out to elucidate TIMP-4 molecular mechanisms. In the present report, we show that in nude mice, cervical cancer cells that overexpress TIMP-4 formed tumors faster than control cell-derived tumors. Furthermore, in vivo limiting dilution assays showed that fewer TIMP-4 overexpressing cells are needed for tumor formation. In vitro analyses demonstrated that TIMP-4 overexpression or exposure to human recombinant TIMP-4 (hrTIMP4) caused an enrichment of the tumor progenitor cell (TPC) population. Accordingly, genome-wide expression and signaling pathway analyses showed that hrTIMP-4 modulated cell survival, cell proliferation, inflammation, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling networks. Notably, NFB signaling pathway appeared to be globally activated upon hrTIMP-4 treatment. Overall, this report provides the first example that TIMP-4 regulates carcinogenesis through enriching the TPC population in cervical cancer cells. Understanding TIMP-4 effects on tumorigenesis may provide clues for future therapies design. 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Lopez-Camarillo C.,Autonomous University of Mexico City | Ocampo E.A.,National Institute of Cancerology | Casamichana M.L.,Autonomous University of Mexico City | Perez-Plasencia C.,National Institute of Cancerology | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2012

Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is an important environmental factor that leads to immune suppression, inflammation, photoaging, and skin carcinogenesis. Here, we reviewed the specific signal transduction pathways and transcription factors involved in the cellular response to UV-irradiation. Increasing experimental data supporting a role for p38, MAPK, JNK, ERK1/2, and ATM kinases in the response network to UV exposure is discussed. We also reviewed the participation of NF-κB, AP-1, and NRF2 transcription factors in the control of gene expression after UV-irradiation. In addition, we discussed the promising chemotherapeutic intervention of transcription factors signaling by natural compounds. Finally, we focused on the review of data emerging from the use of DNA microarray technology to determine changes in global gene expression in keratinocytes and melanocytes in response to UV treatment. Efforts to obtain a comprehensive portrait of the transcriptional events regulating photodamage of intact human epidermis after UV exposure reveals the existence of novel factors participating in UV-induced cell death. Progress in understanding the multitude of mechanisms induced by UV-irradiation could lead to the potential use of protein kinases and novel proteins as specific targets for the prevention and control of skin cancer. © 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Lopez-Camarillo C.,Autonomous University of Mexico City | Marchat L.A.,Polytechnic School of Algiers | Arechaga-Ocampo E.,National Institute of Cancerology | Perez-Plasencia C.,National Institute of Cancerology | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2012

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs of ~22 nucleotides that function as negative regulators of gene expression by either inhibiting translation or inducing deadenylation-dependent degradation of target transcripts. Notably, deregulation of miRNAs expression is associated with the initiation and progression of human cancers where they act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors contributing to tumorigenesis. Abnormal miRNA expression may provide potential diagnostic and prognostic tumor biomarkers and new therapeutic targets in cancer. Recently, several miRNAs have been shown to initiate invasion and metastasis by targeting multiple proteins that are major players in these cellular events, thus they have been denominated as metastamiRs. Here, we present a review of the current knowledge of miRNAs in cancer with a special focus on metastamiRs. In addition we discuss their potential use as novel specific markers for cancer progression. © 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

PubMed | National Health Research Institute, The National Institute of Genomic Medicine, Hospital General Dr Manuel Gea Gonzalez and National Institute of Cancerology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular medicine reports | Year: 2016

At present, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is used as a clinical biomarker for prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis; however, a large number of patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) with PSA levels in the gray area (4-10ng/ml) are currently subjected to unnecessary biopsy due to overdiagnosis. Certain microRNAs (miRs) have been proven to be useful biomarkers, several of which are detectable in bodily fluids. The present study identified and validated a urinary miRbased signature to enhance the specificity of PCa diagnosis and to reduce the number of patients with benign conditions undergoing biopsy. Seventythree urine samples from Mexican patients with diagnosis of PCa with a Gleason score 7 and 70patients diagnosed with BPH were collected after digital rectal examination (DRE) of the prostate. miR expression profiles were determined using TaqMan Low Density Array experiments, and normalized Ct values for the miRs were compared between PCa and BPH groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate whether miR detection in urine is suitable for distinguishing patients with PCa from those with BPH. The identified miR100/200b signature was significantly correlated with PCa. Using a multivariable logistic regression approach, a base model including the clinical variables age, prostatespecific antigen (PSA), the percentage of free PSA and DRE was generated, and a second base model additionally contained the miR100/200b signature. ROC analysis demonstrated that the combined model significantly outperformed the capacity of PSA (P<0.001) and the base model (P=0.01) to discriminate between PCa and BPH patients. In terms of evaluation of the subgroup of patients in the gray zone of PSA levels, the performance of the combined model for predicting PCa cases was significantly superior to PSA level determination (P<0.001) and the base model (P=0.009). In addition, decision curve analysis demonstrated that the use of the combined model increased the clinical benefit for patients and produced a substantial reduction in unnecessary biopsies across a range of reasonable threshold probabilities (1050%). Detection of the urinary miR signature identified in the present study as part of clinical diagnostic procedures will enhance the accuracy of PCa diagnosis and provide a clinical benefit for patients with BPH by sparing them from undergoing invasive biopsy. To the best of our knowledge, the present study was the first to describe the profiling of urinary miR100 and miR-200b levels for the clinical diagnosis of PCa.

PubMed | National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico, Autonomous University of Mexico City and National Institute of Cancerology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) | Year: 2016

Complementary and alternative medicine, such as Traditional Chinese Medicine, represents an efficient therapeutic option for obesity control. It was previously reported that acupuncture catgut embedding therapy (ACET) with moxibustion reduces body weight and reverts insulin resistance in obese women. This study aimed to evidence changes in adipokines and gene expression in adipose tissue that could explain the effects of ACET with moxibustion.Overweight/obese women were treated with ACET with moxibustion or sham acupuncture as control. Peripheral blood samples and fat biopsies were taken before and after intervention. Circulating adipokines (leptin, adiponectin, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and resistin) were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Gene expression in adipose tissue was determined by cDNA microarray assays and assessed by quantitative reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction.ACET with moxibustion did not modify circulating adipokines levels. However, correlations with anthropometric and biochemical parameters were affected. Interestingly, transcriptional changes in adipose tissue revealed the modulation of genes participating in homeostasis control, lipid metabolism, olfactory transduction, and gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway.The effects of ACET with moxibustion on body weight and insulin resistance were associated with the regulation of biochemical events that are altered in obesity.

Hernandez-Monge J.,CINVESTAV | Garay E.,CINVESTAV | Raya-Sandino A.,CINVESTAV | Vargas-Sierra O.,CINVESTAV | And 5 more authors.
Experimental Cell Research | Year: 2013

We have studied the expression of the tight junction proteins (TJ) occludin, claudin-1 and ZO-2 in the epidermis of female mice. We observed a peak of expression of these proteins at postnatal day 7 and a decrease in 6 week-old mice to values similar to those found in newborn animals. We explored if the expression of the E6 oncoprotein from high-risk human papilloma virus type 16 (HPV16) in the skin of transgenic female mice (K14E6), altered TJ protein expression in a manner sensitive to ovarian hormones. We observed that in ovariectomized mice E6 up-regulates the expression of occludin and ZO-2 in the epidermis and that this effect was canceled by 17β-estradiol. Progesterone instead induced occludin and ZO-2 over-expression. However, the decreased expression of occludin and ZO-2 induced by 17β-estradiol in the epidermis was not overturned by E6 or progesterone. In addition, we employed MDCK cells transfected with E6, and observed that ZO-2 delocalizes from TJs and accumulates in the cell nuclei due to a decrease in the turnover rate of the protein. These results reinforce the view of 17β-estradiol and E6 as risk factors for the development of cancer through effects on expression and mislocalization of TJ proteins. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

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