National Institute of Biotechnology
National Institute of Biotechnology
Raval I.H.,Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research |
Raval I.H.,Indian Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute |
Das K.C.,National Institute of Biotechnology |
Haldar S.,Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research |
Haldar S.,Indian Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2017
The present study focuses on bacterial and selected heavy metal contaminations of economically important mullet fish (Mugil cephalus) collected from West coast of Gujarat, India. Molecular identification using 16S rRNA sequencing revealed the presence of Aeromonas veronii, A. mollusorum, A. cavae, A. bivalvum, and V.alginolyticus in the gill and the intestine along with some other non-pathogenic bacteria. Pathogenicity of different Aeromonas species was confirmed by hemolysin assay. Apart from pathogenicity, multidrug resistance pattern was also reported against some commonly used antibiotics. Heavy metal analysis of different parts such as ventral and dorsal muscles as well as gills of M. cephalus revealed maximum concentration of Pb (24.08 ± 4.40 mg/kg), Cd (8.25 ± 3.04 mg/kg), and Cu (33.67 ± 5.34 mg/kg), which were higher than the permissible limit. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study analyzing different heavy metals and associated bacteria in M. cephalus fish in India. Further, the distribution of heavy metals in M. cephalus fish from other countries was also compared. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Adebesin F.,Purdue University |
Widhalm J.R.,Purdue University |
Boachon B.,Purdue University |
Lefevre F.,Catholic University of Louvain |
And 14 more authors.
Science | Year: 2017
Plants synthesize a diversity of volatile molecules that are important for reproduction and defense, serve as practical products for humans, and influence atmospheric chemistry and climate. Despite progress in deciphering plant volatile biosynthesis, their release from the cell has been poorly understood. The default assumption has been that volatiles passively diffuse out of cells. By characterization of a Petunia hybrida adenosine triphosphate–binding cassette (ABC) transporter, PhABCG1, we demonstrate that passage of volatiles across the plasma membrane relies on active transport. PhABCG1 down-regulation by RNA interference results in decreased emission of volatiles, which accumulate to toxic levels in the plasma membrane. This study provides direct proof of a biologically mediated mechanism of volatile emission. © 2017, American Association for the Advancement of Science. All rights reserved.
Khatun M.R.,National Institute of Biotechnology |
Arifuzzaman M.,Khulna University |
Ashraf A.,Khulna University
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2011
Genetic abnormalities are not very common. About one third of total calves die due to various reasons, among these a significant number die from different disorder. When they do occur, they cause economic losses. One of the main constraints for cattle improvement is insufficient knowledge on chromosome inheritance pattern, different genetic disease and their chromosomal view. A slight slip in Chromosome number or structure brings obvious disorder though out the life, it may leads to death. Karyotype analysis is an effective way for identification of this disorder of chromosome. Identification of genetic disorder or unique character through karyotyping and possible remedy may protect the loss of cattle, which in turn increases the total productivity. Various abnormal karyotype, karyotype analysis, karyotype preparation were mainly reviewed in this study. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc.
Wolak T.,Ben - Gurion University of the Negev |
Sion-Vardi N.,Ben - Gurion University of the Negev |
Novack V.,Ben - Gurion University of the Negev |
Greenberg G.,Ben - Gurion University of the Negev |
And 6 more authors.
American Journal of Hypertension | Year: 2013
Background Hypertensive patients develop carotid atherosclerotic plaques with enhanced inflammation. Full-length osteopontin (OPN-FL), a multifunctional protein whose levels are elevated in association with atherosclerosis, is cleaved by thrombin and matrix metalloproteinases to form a C-terminal and a putatively biologically active N-terminal fragment (OPN-C, OPN-N, respectively). We conducted a study to examine whether plaque inflammation in hypertensive patients corresponds to the expression of OPN or of its cleaved forms or both. Methods We collected 42 carotid plaques from 41 consecutive hypertensive patients during carotid endarterectomy. Plaque tissue was used to measure matrix metalloproteinase-12 (MMP-12) and OPN proteins, and for the classification of plaques as showing low-or high-degree inflammation through histological and immunohistochemical evaluation. Results Fifteen highly inflamed plaques and 27 plaques with characteristics of low-grade inflammation were collected. Moderate to heavy staining for OPN characterized 87% of the plaques with high-degree inflammation but only 44% of those with low-degree inflammation, corresponding to the percentages of plaques that were heavily stained for the macrophage marker CD68 (93% versus 26%, respectively, P < 0.01). Western blot analysis showed that the abundance of OPN-FL and OPN-C was comparable in the two groups. However, the abundance of OPN-N was significantly greater in the highly inflamed plaques (median, 3.8 (range, 0.8-7.3) vs. median, 0.9 (range, 0.2-1.5); P = 0.017, respectively). The abundance of MMP-12 was significantly greater in the high-than in the low-degree plaque inflammation group (4.8 (range 1.9-8.8) vs. 1.1 (range 0.3-1.4), respectively; P = 0.03). Conclusions The N-terminal fragment of osteopontin, rather than OPN-FL or OPN-C, is associated with carotid plaque inflammation in hypertensive patients. Future studies should assess whether targeting OPN cleavage could present a new approach to preventing high-risk carotid plaques. © 2013 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd 2013. All rights reserved.
Abdus Subhan M.,Bangladesh University |
Saifur Rahman M.,Bangladesh University |
Alam K.,Bangladesh University |
Mahmud Hasan M.,National Institute of Biotechnology
Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy | Year: 2014
A novel ligand (E)-2-styryl-1H-imidazo [4, 5-f] [1, 10] phenanthroline(L) has been synthesized from 1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-dione. Its transition metal complexes, [FeLCl4][L-H] and [CuL2](NO3) 2 have also been synthesized. Besides, three mixed ligand lanthanide metal complexes of Phendione and β-diketones have been synthesized, namely [Eu(TFN)3(Phendione)] (TFN = 4,4,4-trifluoro-1(2-napthyl)-1,3- butanedione), [Eu(HFT)3(Phendione)] (HFT = 4,4,5,5,6,6,6-heptafluoro- 1-(2-thienyl)-1,3-hexanedione), [Yb(HFA)3(Phendione)] (hfa = hexafluoroacetylacetonate). The synthesized ligands and metal complexes have been characterized by FTIR, UV-Visible spectroscopy and PL spectra. DNA binding activities of the complexes and the ligands have been studied by DNA gel electrophoresis. DNA binding studies showed that Fe complex of the synthesized ligand is more potent DNA binding and damaging agent compare to others under study. The synthesized compounds were also screened for their antimicrobial activities by disc diffusion method against three microbes, namely Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus penneri. The lanthanide complexes of phendione showed great antibacterial activities. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Arifuzzaman M.,Khulna University |
Khatun M.R.,National Institute of Biotechnology |
Rahman H.,Khulna University
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010
A total of 55 actinomycetes isolates from soil sample of Karanjal region in Sundarbans were characterized for morphological identification and antimicrobial activity. Four general such as Actinomyces, Nocardia, Streptomyces and Micromonospora with total numbers of isolates were 27, 14, 11 and 3, respectively, were identified from the sample. Twenty actinomycetes isolates produced antibiotic against one or more gram-negative pathogenic bacteria such as Shigella boydii, Shigella flexneri-AN-31153, Shigella sonnei, Pseudomonas, Shigella dysenterriae type-1, Vibrio cholerae-0139, Salmonella typhi-Ao-12014, Plesiomonas, Hafnia spp., Vibrio cholerae-OGET, and Escherichia coli-186LT. The study indicated that Sundarbans' soil had diverse group of actinomycetes and three of the tested isolates had a broader spectrum antibacterial activity which showed potential as a source of antibiotics for pharmaceutical interest. © 2010 Academic Journals.
Sen M.K.,Islamic University |
Nasrin S.,National Institute of Biotechnology |
Rahman S.,Jessore University of Science and Technology |
Jamal A.H.M.,Islamic University
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2014
Objective: To study callus induction from different explants (internode, leaf, root) and in vitro plantlets propagation from medicinally important plant Achyranthes aspera L. Methods: Sterilized explants were prepared by using 0.1% HgCl2 and 0.5% Bavistin and callus was obtained when cultured onto Murashige Skoog's (MS) medium by using different concentrations and combination of 2,4-D, NAA, BAP, IAA, IBA with 3% sucrose and 0.8% agar. Induced callus was immediately transferred to MS medium containing at different concentrations of phytohormones for shootlets and rootlets induction respectively. Results: Sterilization treatment of 0.1% HgCl2 for 2-3 min and Bavistin 0.5% for 10-12 min showed the highest percentage of asepsis and survival rate. Maximum induction of callus was obtained from a combination of 2.0 mg/L 2,4-D and 0.5 mg/L NAA from leaf. Highest shootlets number (4.83±0.17) and length (3.8±0.16) cm were observed on full strength MS medium when fortified with BAP 4.0 mg/L and KIN 0.5 mg/L. Concerted efforts of BAP 2.0 mg/L and NAA 0.5 mg/L on full strength MS medium showed highest leaf number (6.77±0.94). In vitro raised shoots were allowed to root on different strengths of MS medium fortified with IAA and IBA at different concentrations. Experimentally, 3.0 mg/L IBA was enabled to induce maximum rootlets number (10.0±9.82) on full strength MS medium. Afterwards, regenerated shoots with well developed roots were successfully subjected to hardening process and were acclimatized. The survived plantlets showed 66.67% survival frequency without any morphological abnormality. Conclusions: The results demonstrated that different explants were good source of callus induction, morphology analysis as well as indirect plantlets regeneration. © 2014 Asian Pacific Tropical Biomedical Magazine.
Sanjee S.A.,Chittagong University |
Karim Md.E.,Chittagong University |
Karim Md.E.,National Institute of Biotechnology
International Journal of Food Science | Year: 2016
The present study aims at the microbiological analysis of export oriented frozen fishes, namely, Jew fish, Tongue Sole fish, Cuttle fish, Ribbon fish, Queen fish, and fish processing water and ice from a view of public health safety and international trade. Microbiological analysis includes the determination of total viable aerobic count by standard plate count method and enumeration of total coliforms and fecal coliforms by most probable number method. The presence of specific fish pathogens such as Salmonella spp. and Vibrio cholerae were also investigated. The TVAC of all the samples was estimated below 5×105 cfu/g whereas the total coliforms and fecal coliforms count were found below 100 MPN/g and 10 MPN/g, respectively, which meet the acceptable limit specified by International Commission of Microbiological Specification for Food. The microbiological analysis of water and ice also complies with the specifications having TVAC<20 cfu/mL, and total coliforms and fecal coliforms count were below the limit detection of the MPN method. Specific fish pathogens such as Salmonella sp. and V. cholerae were found absent in all the samples under the investigation. From this study, it can be concluded that the investigated frozen fishes were eligible for export purpose and also safe for human consumption. © 2016 Sohana Al Sanjee and Md. Ekramul Karim.
Hossain M.U.,Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University |
Hashem A.,National Institute of Biotechnology |
Keya C.A.,North South University |
Salimullah M.,National Institute of Biotechnology
Frontiers in Pharmacology | Year: 2016
Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe infant and childhood diarrhea worldwide, and the morbidity and mortality rate is going to be outnumbered in developing countries like Bangladesh. To mitigate this substantial burden of disease, new therapeutics such as vaccine and drug are swiftly required against rotavirus. The present therapeutics insight study was performed with comprehensive immunoinformatics and pharmacoinformatics approach. T and B-cell epitopes were assessed in the conserved region of outer capsid protein VP4 among the highly reviewed strains from different countries including Bangladesh. The results suggest that epitope SU1 (TLKNLNDNY) could be an ideal candidate among the predicted five epitopes for both T and B-cell epitopes for the development of universal vaccine against rotavirus. This research also suggests five novel drug compounds from medicinal plant Rhizophora mucronata Lamk. for better therapeutics strategies against rotavirus diarrhea based on 3D structure building, pharmacophore, ADMET, and QSAR properties. The exact mode of action between drug compounds and target protein VP4 were revealed by molecular docking analysis. Drug likeness and oral bioavailability further confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed drugs against rotavirus diarrhea. This study might be implemented for experimental validation to facilitate the novel vaccine and drug design. © 2016 Hossain, Hashem, Keya and Salimullah.
PubMed | North South University, University of Dhaka, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology and National Institute of Biotechnology
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2016
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most prevalent metabolic disorders which can affect the quality of life severely. Injectable insulin is currently being used to treat DM which is mainly associated with patient inconvenience. Small molecules that can act as insulin receptor (IR) agonist would be better alternatives to insulin injection. Herein, ten bioactive small compounds derived from Gymnema sylvestre (G. sylvestre) were chosen to determine their IR binding affinity and ADMET properties using a combined approach of molecular docking study and computational pharmacokinetic elucidation. Designing structural analogues were also performed for the compounds associated with toxicity and less IR affinity. Among the ten parent compounds, six were found to have significant pharmacokinetic properties with considerable binding affinity towards IR while four compounds were associated with toxicity and less IR affinity. Among the forty structural analogues, four compounds demonstrated considerably increased binding affinity towards IR and less toxicity compared with parent compounds. Finally, molecular interaction analysis revealed that six parent compounds and four analogues interact with the active site amino acids of IR. So this study would be a way to identify new therapeutics and alternatives to insulin for diabetic patients.