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Vashistha B.,Suresh Gyan Vihar University | Sharma A.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Jain V.,Banasthali University
Nutritional Neuroscience

The present study was designed to investigate the effect of ferulic acid (FA) in vincristine-induced neuropathic pain in rats. Vincristine (50 µg/kg, i.p. for 10 consecutive days) was administered to induce painful neuropathy in rats. Various pain sensitive tests, viz., pinprick, hot plate, paint-brush, and acetone test were performed on different days (1, 6, 14, and 21) to assess the degree of mechanical hyperalgesia, heat hyperalgesia, mechanical dynamic allodynia, and cold allodynia, respectively. The electrophysiological and histopathological evaluations were also investigated. The tissue thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS), reduced glutathione (GSH), myeloperoxidase (MPO), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and total calcium were measured as the markers of inflammation and oxidative stress. FA (50 and 100 mg/kg, i.p.) and gabapentin (10 mg/kg, p.o.) were administered for 11 days. Administration of FA attenuated the vincristine-induced behavioral alteration along with electrophysiological and histopathological changes significantly (P < 0.05). FA also attenuated the vincristine-induced oxidative stress (TBARS, GSH, and total calcium levels) and inflammation (MPO, TNF-alpha, IL-6, and IL-10). It may be concluded that FA has ameliorative potential in mitigation of the painful states associated with vincristine-induced painful neuropathy that may further be attributed to anti-inflammatory actions with subsequent reduction in oxidative stress. © W. S. Maney & Son Ltd 2016 Source

Kumar A.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Garai A.K.,Srm Government Ayurvedic College And Hospital
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

Context: Nutritional iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia in India. The nearest correlation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) can be made with Pandu Roga in Ayurveda. As the IDA is a very common prevalent disease in the society and the side effects of oral allopathic iron preparations are very common, therefore to get a better alternative, an Ayurvedic herbomineral medicine, the Trikatrayadi Lauha, was subjected to a clinical trial in children suffering from IDA. Aim: Evaluation of safety and efficacy of the compound Trikatrayadi Lauha suspension in children with IDA. Settings and Design: Randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical study. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 123 children of IDA for a period of 10 weeks. Clinical features and hematological parameters were documented before, during and after treatment. Statistical Analysis Used: Observations of the study were analyzed and findings were evaluated by using statistical methods (Student′s t test) Results: The present study shows that the trial drug Trikatrayadi Lauha suspension is effective to improve clinical features and hematological parameters significantly. The medicine is effective to increase the hemoglobin level 1.94 g/dL (8.52 -10.46 g/dL, P < 0.001) in 5 weeks and 3.33g/dL (8.52 -11.85g/dL, P < 0.001) in 10 weeks. No adverse effect of the trial drug was observed during the study. Conclusions: The results suggest that Trikatrayadi Lauha is significantly effective in the management of IDA in children. Source

Rakesh Narayanan V.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India

Introduction: The study of tracheo-bronchial branching pattern and formation of bronco pulmonary segments is of great importance in understanding lung anatomy and physiology. While teaching this subject to first year medical students, teachers often take help of atlases and digital images. Preparation of a cast of tracheo-bronchial airways would be of great help to make the students understand the three-dimensional branching and relation between various segments of lungs and thus to better understand pulmonary anatomy. Materials and methods: This article discusses a simple and very low cost method of preparation of bronco pulmonary airway cast by using LAPOX™ Epoxy resin and a goat lung which are comparatively cheaper and easily available methods. Results and conclusion: Many different methods and materials are described in textbooks for the preparation of tracheo-bronchial casts. This method can be employed in institutes where major funding for better advanced methods are unavailable or for students themselves as a method of self-study. © 2015 Anatomical Society of India. Source

Manyam B.V.,Texas A&M University | Manyam B.V.,Penn State College of Medicine | Kumar A.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Objective: The ancient Indian medical system, Ayurveda, is the oldest scientifically based system of medicine in the world. According to Ayurvedic concepts, there are 3 humors or Doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. The combination of these Doshas in varying degrees leads to one's constitution, referred to as Prakruti. Prakruti determines one's physical, physiologic, and mental character and disease vulnerability. This clinical study was undertaken to determine the constitutional typing of individuals with known idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) compared with that of nonparkinsonian controls. This study sought to validate the ancient observation that persons of Vata Prakruti are at risk for nervous system diseases. PD was used as a test case because the exact cause is not known. Methods: Patients with established PD (n=75) and closely related controls with no known neurologic disease (n=73) were assessed for their Ayurvedic constitution (Prakruti). An Ayurvedic constitutional assessment form and an independent Ayurvedic clinical assessment were used in the patients and controls. Results: The total mean score (±standard deviation) for Vata was 11.0±3.9 in patients with PD and 6.9±3.0 in controls. This finding was significant (p<0.0001), indicating that the incidence of PD is highest in those with Vata Prakruti. The incidence of PD was higher in men than in women. Conclusions: Knowledge gained from this study may be helpful in identifying the vulnerable population, delaying the onset of symptoms, or slowing disease progression or development of treatment-related complications by keeping Vata in balance through anti-Vata diet and lifestyle changes as prescribed in Ayurveda. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013. Source

Gupta S.C.,Jd Ayurvedic Medical College | Kotecha M.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine

Balanites aegyptiaca is used traditionally in India to treat psychoses, epilepsy, and rheumatism. The present study is aimed at investigating the anticonvulsant activity of chloroform and hydromethanolic extract of the stem bark of B. aegyptiaca which is commonly used in the Indian traditional medicine. The anticonvulsant activity of the extract was evaluated using Pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) - induced convulsions in mice and maximum electro shock (MES) -induced convulsions and lithium- pilocarpine induced status epilepticus in rats. In MES Model, both the extracts (200 and 400 mg/kg p.o.) significantly reduced the duration of hind limb extension. In the PTZ model, both extracts (200 and 400 mg/kg p.o.) delayed the latency to myoclonic spasm and clonic convulsions significantly. In Lithium-pilocarpine model, chloroform extract (100 mg) and hydromethanolic extract (100 & 200 mg) delayed the latency to rearing with forelimb clonus significantly. The results indicate that the extracts of Balanites aegyptiaca possess biologically active compound(s) that have anticonvulsant properties, which support the ethnomedicinal use of the plant as antiepileptic agents. © 2013 Institute of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University. Source

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