National Institute of Ayurveda

Jaipur, India

National Institute of Ayurveda

Jaipur, India
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Singh S.K.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Rajoria K.,Sssb Ayurvedic College And Hospital
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine | Year: 2017

The age related spondylotic changes may result in direct compressive and ischemic dysfunction of the spinal cord known as cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Symptoms often develop insidiously and are characterized by neck stiffness, unilateral or bilateral deep aching neck, arm and shoulder pain, and possibly stiffness or clumsiness while walking. The management available in current mainstream medicine is not satisfactory. Various Ayurvedic treatments have been in use for these manifestations. We present a case of CSM, which was treated with a combination of Panchakarma procedures and Ayurvedic oral drugs. The patient was considered suffering from Greevastambha (neck stiffness) and was treated with Shalishastika pinda svedana (sudation with medicated cooked bolus of rice) for one month and Mustadi yapana basti (enema with medicated milk) for 16 days along with oral Ayurvedic drugs such as Brihatavata chintamani rasa 50 mg, Ekangaveer ras-250 mg, Ardhangavatari rasa-125 mg Amrita satva (dry extract of Tinospora cordifolia Willd)-500 mg, Muktasukti pisti-500 mg, Ashwagandha churna (powder of Withania somnifera Dunal)-500 mg Dashmool kvatha ghana (solid extract of Dashmool kvatha)-500 mg, Trayodashanga guggulu-575 mg, twice a day with honey and Eranda paka-10 g twice a day with milk. Patient's condition which was assessed for symptoms of CSM and Chile's modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score for cervical spondylotic myelopathy showed substantial improvement. This study shows that the cases of CSM may be successfully managed with Ayurvedic treatment. © 2016 Transdisciplinary University, Bangalore and World Ayurveda Foundation

Rajoria K.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Singh S.K.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2017

Raj Yoga has been recognized internationally and UN has declared 21st June as international Yoga day. Raj Yoga is a procedure of meditation to free atma (soul) from the clutches of maya (illusions) and unite with paramatma (prime soul) and for this purpose a healthy body is mandatory. Raj Yoga comprises of three components they are asanas (physical postures), pranayama (regulated breathing) and samadhi (self-realization or enlightenment). Raj Yoga has been accepted worldwide for its positive effect on human body. It is seen as an important prophylactic & therapeutic modality in various health conditions. Researchers and clinicians of various fields are keen interested in learning about the benefits of Yoga. In the present paper, an attempt has been made to review the various biomedical research work done over few decades in field of Raj Yoga. © 2017, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved.

Sahoo P.K.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Fiaz S.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine | Year: 2017

Inclusion of Prameha among the eight major disorders in Charaka Samhita shows the importance of the disease given by ancient seers. The risk of development of blindness in diabetics increases by 20–25 times as compared to the normal population. High prevalence rate of Diabetic Retinopathy (34.6%), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (7%), diabetic macular edema (6.8%), and Vision threatening Diabetic retinopathy (10.2%) in diabetics was great concerns which led to search and analyze the disease process on the basis of modern pathogenesis and different Timirvyadhi mentioned in Ayurvedic authoritative texts. Thus the present study endeavors to discuss the similarities and differences among the various components of Prameha/Madhumehajanya Timir with Diabetic retinopathy and its stages. To establish a probable etiopathogenesis of the disease from Ayurveda prospective, all the important literature of both modern medicine and Ayurveda along with online sources were searched and analyzed. All the three dosha along with Raktadosha and Saptadhatu with four internal Dristipatals of eye are affected in Madhumehajanya timir in different stages of the disease. Avarana and Dhatu kshaya too have important role in development of diabetic retinopathy due to prolonged and uncontrolled hyperglycemia. Agnimandya related Ama formation has a role in pathology of diabetic retinopathy which is quite similar to oxidative theory of diabetic retinopathy explained in modern pathology. Urdhwaga raktapitta, Ojas kshaya, Raktavritta vata, and Pranavritta vyana are other causes in development of diabetic retinopathy. © 2017 Transdisciplinary University, Bangalore and World Ayurveda Foundation

Patil U.,Sri Jayendra Saraswati Ayurveda College | Sharma M.C.,National Institute of Ayurveda
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy | Year: 2013

Recent reports on emergence of multidrug resistant bacteria are cause of concern in medical world. Several ayurvedic drugs have been proved to contain the antimicrobial activity. Literature on effect of ayurvedic drugs on multidrug resistant bacterial pathogens is limited. Present study reports the antimicrobial effect of Achyranthes aspera (Apamarga) crude extracts on the clinical isolates of multidrug resistant bacteria. The drug was evaluated by using phytochemical tests. Crude extracts of aqueous, methanol, ethanol and chloroform was prepared. Antibacterial activity against clinically isolated multidrug resistant bacteria belonging to groups of bacillus, citrobacter, E.coli, klebsiella, proteus and salmonella was tested. The drug showed highest efficacy against Bacillus organism while least effectiveness on Proteus spp bacteria. Results of the study conclude that the medicinal plant A. aspera might be useful against multidrug resistance in pathogens of clinical importance.

Porte S.M.,National Institute of Ayurveda
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy | Year: 2014

Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by Salmonella typhi, which remains a serious problem in developing country. The traditional Vaidya belonging to various tribes are using folk medicine to prevent and cure the various diseases including Typhoid. The herbs used for Typhoid from various national-international journals and discussed. Most of the mentioned herbs have Katu-Tikta Rasa, Krimighna and Jvaragna property which help to displace or kill the microbe by Prakriti Vighat by decreasing Kapha and Malas on which these microorganisms lodges, flourish, grows and increase in numbers, thus leading to disease. Most of the mentioned folk herbs used for Typhoid have significant result in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial activity as well as clinical efficacy and also justified the concept of Ayurveda. Hence it can be stated that Typhoid can be treated by giving herbal drug which is already in use by traditional Vaidya and tribes in India, though there is further need of documentation for experimental and clinical study.

Kumar A.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Pharmacognosy Reviews | Year: 2012

Cognitive deficits that present with many of neuropsychiatric conditions and/or alone as developmental deficit demand use of nootropics to boost cognitive abilities. Recently there is a tremendous urge to explore medicinal plants globally for improving cognitive function owing to their less adverse effects. Ayurveda provides a list of herbs known for nootropic activity as well as their multi-dimensional utility in various conditions. Present paper is a review to update knowledge on pharmacological properties, major chemical constituents, therapeutic actions, preclinical studies, safety and possible mode of action of the selected herbs from ayurvedic pharmacopoeia. Concurrently, it opens up for further research and standardization on nootropic herbs.

Jain C.M.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Bharathi K.,Dr search Center for Ayurveda
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2011

Population control is the need of the hour to stabilise the world population growth and to decrease economic burden for almost all the nations on this globe. There are well established contraceptive drugs and measures have been evaluated in existing modern system of medicine. But hormonal contraceptives can not be used for long duration due to their severe side effects. Available local contraceptive measures do not give 100% surety of prevention of conception. Permanent measures are surgical therapies only. Hence, there is a need to evaluate alternate and safe formulations from indigenous systems of medicine for temporary as well as permanent sterilization. Hence in this present article, an attempt has been made to review formulations described in Ayurvedic classics and to throw light on scientific validity of the same.

Manyam B.V.,Texas A&M University | Manyam B.V.,Penn State College of Medicine | Kumar A.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Year: 2013

Objective: The ancient Indian medical system, Ayurveda, is the oldest scientifically based system of medicine in the world. According to Ayurvedic concepts, there are 3 humors or Doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. The combination of these Doshas in varying degrees leads to one's constitution, referred to as Prakruti. Prakruti determines one's physical, physiologic, and mental character and disease vulnerability. This clinical study was undertaken to determine the constitutional typing of individuals with known idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) compared with that of nonparkinsonian controls. This study sought to validate the ancient observation that persons of Vata Prakruti are at risk for nervous system diseases. PD was used as a test case because the exact cause is not known. Methods: Patients with established PD (n=75) and closely related controls with no known neurologic disease (n=73) were assessed for their Ayurvedic constitution (Prakruti). An Ayurvedic constitutional assessment form and an independent Ayurvedic clinical assessment were used in the patients and controls. Results: The total mean score (±standard deviation) for Vata was 11.0±3.9 in patients with PD and 6.9±3.0 in controls. This finding was significant (p<0.0001), indicating that the incidence of PD is highest in those with Vata Prakruti. The incidence of PD was higher in men than in women. Conclusions: Knowledge gained from this study may be helpful in identifying the vulnerable population, delaying the onset of symptoms, or slowing disease progression or development of treatment-related complications by keeping Vata in balance through anti-Vata diet and lifestyle changes as prescribed in Ayurveda. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.

Kaur R.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Jaiswal M.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Jain V.,University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Ayurvedic text reports suggested Lannea coromandelica is used in various microbial origin disorders like dysentery, sore eyes and leprosy, genital wounds. Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the antimicrobial effect of L. coromandelica Houtt. Merrill. (Anacardiaceae) on microbes which cause female reproductive tract infection. Materials and Methods: Ethanolic and aqueous bark extract (Ext.) of L. coromandelica were screened against strains of Streptococcus pyogens, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans. Antimicrobial assay had been done with agar well diffusion method. Results: Ethanolic extracts [100% (16 mg), 75% (12 mg) and 50% (8 mg)] of L. coromandelica exhibited zone of inhibition (ZI) 19.21 mm, 18.45 mm, 16.41 mm and 18.12 mm, 17.35 mm, 16.35 mm against S. aureus and S. pyogens, respectively. However, only 100% and 75% ethanolic extract showed (ZI-19.18 mm, 16.29 mm) activity against C. albicans. Nevertheless, aqueous extract (100%) showed higher antifungal activity (ZI-16.97 mm). Ciprofloxacin and amphotericin B were used as a standard drugs in the present study. Conclusion: The results demonstrated that L. coromandelica Houtt. Merrill. have antibacterial activity against S. pyogens, S. aureus and antifungal property against C. albicans. Our findings corroborate the ethnobotanical use of L. coromandelica in traditional medicine system (Ayurveda) of India.

Rakesh Narayanan V.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India | Year: 2015

Introduction: The study of tracheo-bronchial branching pattern and formation of bronco pulmonary segments is of great importance in understanding lung anatomy and physiology. While teaching this subject to first year medical students, teachers often take help of atlases and digital images. Preparation of a cast of tracheo-bronchial airways would be of great help to make the students understand the three-dimensional branching and relation between various segments of lungs and thus to better understand pulmonary anatomy. Materials and methods: This article discusses a simple and very low cost method of preparation of bronco pulmonary airway cast by using LAPOX™ Epoxy resin and a goat lung which are comparatively cheaper and easily available methods. Results and conclusion: Many different methods and materials are described in textbooks for the preparation of tracheo-bronchial casts. This method can be employed in institutes where major funding for better advanced methods are unavailable or for students themselves as a method of self-study. © 2015 Anatomical Society of India.

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