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Vashistha B.,Suresh Gyan Vihar University | Sharma A.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Jain V.,Banasthali University
Nutritional Neuroscience | Year: 2016

The present study was designed to investigate the effect of ferulic acid (FA) in vincristine-induced neuropathic pain in rats. Vincristine (50 µg/kg, i.p. for 10 consecutive days) was administered to induce painful neuropathy in rats. Various pain sensitive tests, viz., pinprick, hot plate, paint-brush, and acetone test were performed on different days (1, 6, 14, and 21) to assess the degree of mechanical hyperalgesia, heat hyperalgesia, mechanical dynamic allodynia, and cold allodynia, respectively. The electrophysiological and histopathological evaluations were also investigated. The tissue thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS), reduced glutathione (GSH), myeloperoxidase (MPO), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and total calcium were measured as the markers of inflammation and oxidative stress. FA (50 and 100 mg/kg, i.p.) and gabapentin (10 mg/kg, p.o.) were administered for 11 days. Administration of FA attenuated the vincristine-induced behavioral alteration along with electrophysiological and histopathological changes significantly (P < 0.05). FA also attenuated the vincristine-induced oxidative stress (TBARS, GSH, and total calcium levels) and inflammation (MPO, TNF-alpha, IL-6, and IL-10). It may be concluded that FA has ameliorative potential in mitigation of the painful states associated with vincristine-induced painful neuropathy that may further be attributed to anti-inflammatory actions with subsequent reduction in oxidative stress. © W. S. Maney & Son Ltd 2016


Singh S.K.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Rajoria K.,Sssb Ayurvedic College And Hospital
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine | Year: 2016

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rheumatic disease with various skeletal and extra skeletal manifestations. No satisfactory treatment is available in modern medicine for this disorder. Various Panchakarma procedures and Ayurvedic drugs have been proved useful for these manifestations. We present a case of AS, which was treated for two months with a combination of Panchakarma procedures and Ayurvedic drugs. Ayurvedic treatments, in this case, were directed toward alleviating symptoms and to reduce severe disability. The patient was considered suffering from Asthimajja gata vata (∼Vata disorder involving bone and bone marrow) and was treated with Shalishastika Pinda Svedana (sudation with medicated cooked bolus of rice) for one month and Mustadi Yapana Basti (enema with medicated milk) with Anuvasana (enema with Asvagandha oil) in 30 days schedule along with oral Ayurvedic drugs for two months. Pratimarsha nasya (nasal drops) with Anu Taila (oil) for one month was given after completion of Basti procedure. Patient's condition was assessed for symptoms of Asthimajja gata vata and core sets of Assessment of Spondylo Arthritis International Society showed substantial improvement. This study shows the cases of AS may be successfully managed with Ayurvedic treatment. © 2016 Transdisciplinary University, Bangalore and World Ayurveda Foundation


Kumar A.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Pharmacognosy Reviews | Year: 2012

Cognitive deficits that present with many of neuropsychiatric conditions and/or alone as developmental deficit demand use of nootropics to boost cognitive abilities. Recently there is a tremendous urge to explore medicinal plants globally for improving cognitive function owing to their less adverse effects. Ayurveda provides a list of herbs known for nootropic activity as well as their multi-dimensional utility in various conditions. Present paper is a review to update knowledge on pharmacological properties, major chemical constituents, therapeutic actions, preclinical studies, safety and possible mode of action of the selected herbs from ayurvedic pharmacopoeia. Concurrently, it opens up for further research and standardization on nootropic herbs.


PubMed | National Institute of Ayurveda and Sssb Ayurvedic College And Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Ayurveda and integrative medicine | Year: 2016

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rheumatic disease with various skeletal and extra skeletal manifestations. No satisfactory treatment is available in modern medicine for this disorder. Various Panchakarma procedures and Ayurvedic drugs have been proved useful for these manifestations. We present a case of AS, which was treated for two months with a combination of Panchakarma procedures and Ayurvedic drugs. Ayurvedic treatments, in this case, were directed toward alleviating symptoms and to reduce severe disability. The patient was considered suffering from Asthimajja gata vata (Vata disorder involving bone and bone marrow) and was treated with Shalishastika Pinda Svedana (sudation with medicated cooked bolus of rice) for one month and Mustadi Yapana Basti (enema with medicated milk) with Anuvasana (enema with Asvagandha oil) in 30 days schedule along with oral Ayurvedic drugs for two months. Pratimarsha nasya (nasal drops) with Anu Taila (oil) for one month was given after completion of Basti procedure. Patients condition was assessed for symptoms of Asthimajja gata vata and core sets of Assessment of Spondylo Arthritis International Society showed substantial improvement. This study shows the cases of AS may be successfully managed with Ayurvedic treatment.


Jain C.M.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Bharathi K.,Dr search Center for Ayurveda
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2011

Population control is the need of the hour to stabilise the world population growth and to decrease economic burden for almost all the nations on this globe. There are well established contraceptive drugs and measures have been evaluated in existing modern system of medicine. But hormonal contraceptives can not be used for long duration due to their severe side effects. Available local contraceptive measures do not give 100% surety of prevention of conception. Permanent measures are surgical therapies only. Hence, there is a need to evaluate alternate and safe formulations from indigenous systems of medicine for temporary as well as permanent sterilization. Hence in this present article, an attempt has been made to review formulations described in Ayurvedic classics and to throw light on scientific validity of the same.


Ingle N.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Ojha N.,All India Institute of Ayurveda | Kumar A.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Sport science studies applications of scientific principles and techniques with the aim of improving sports performance. Objective: Present research work was carried out with the aim to enhance the sport performance of children. Materials and Methods: Randomized double blind placebo controlled study was conducted in children involved in sports to assess the efficacy of trial drug Vidarikandadi Yog. Total of 72 healthy students were selected for the study after screening 412 students. Out of them, 60 students completed the study. The students were randomly divided into two groups. Group A (Vidarikandadi Yog) comprising of 38 and Group B (placebo) of 34 students. The trial drug Vidarikandadi Yog was given in the dose of 200 mg/kg/day in two divided doses for 2 months with milk and follow up was conducted fortnightly. Results: The study revealed the statistically significant results for weight and chest circumference, whereas highly significant results were obtained for muscular strength and endurance assessment parameters (Push-up Test, Sit-up Test, and Hand Grip Strength Test). Change in Ruler Drop Test was not significant. Results were significant for cardio-respiratory parameters (Resting Heart Rate, Resting Respiratory Rate, and Harvard Step Test). Conclusion: Vidarikandadi Yog is a potential drug for enhancing the sport performance due to its Brinhaneeya effect.


Manyam B.V.,Texas A&M University | Manyam B.V.,Penn State College of Medicine | Kumar A.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Year: 2013

Objective: The ancient Indian medical system, Ayurveda, is the oldest scientifically based system of medicine in the world. According to Ayurvedic concepts, there are 3 humors or Doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. The combination of these Doshas in varying degrees leads to one's constitution, referred to as Prakruti. Prakruti determines one's physical, physiologic, and mental character and disease vulnerability. This clinical study was undertaken to determine the constitutional typing of individuals with known idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) compared with that of nonparkinsonian controls. This study sought to validate the ancient observation that persons of Vata Prakruti are at risk for nervous system diseases. PD was used as a test case because the exact cause is not known. Methods: Patients with established PD (n=75) and closely related controls with no known neurologic disease (n=73) were assessed for their Ayurvedic constitution (Prakruti). An Ayurvedic constitutional assessment form and an independent Ayurvedic clinical assessment were used in the patients and controls. Results: The total mean score (±standard deviation) for Vata was 11.0±3.9 in patients with PD and 6.9±3.0 in controls. This finding was significant (p<0.0001), indicating that the incidence of PD is highest in those with Vata Prakruti. The incidence of PD was higher in men than in women. Conclusions: Knowledge gained from this study may be helpful in identifying the vulnerable population, delaying the onset of symptoms, or slowing disease progression or development of treatment-related complications by keeping Vata in balance through anti-Vata diet and lifestyle changes as prescribed in Ayurveda. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.


Kaur R.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Jaiswal M.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Jain V.,University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Ayurvedic text reports suggested Lannea coromandelica is used in various microbial origin disorders like dysentery, sore eyes and leprosy, genital wounds. Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the antimicrobial effect of L. coromandelica Houtt. Merrill. (Anacardiaceae) on microbes which cause female reproductive tract infection. Materials and Methods: Ethanolic and aqueous bark extract (Ext.) of L. coromandelica were screened against strains of Streptococcus pyogens, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans. Antimicrobial assay had been done with agar well diffusion method. Results: Ethanolic extracts [100% (16 mg), 75% (12 mg) and 50% (8 mg)] of L. coromandelica exhibited zone of inhibition (ZI) 19.21 mm, 18.45 mm, 16.41 mm and 18.12 mm, 17.35 mm, 16.35 mm against S. aureus and S. pyogens, respectively. However, only 100% and 75% ethanolic extract showed (ZI-19.18 mm, 16.29 mm) activity against C. albicans. Nevertheless, aqueous extract (100%) showed higher antifungal activity (ZI-16.97 mm). Ciprofloxacin and amphotericin B were used as a standard drugs in the present study. Conclusion: The results demonstrated that L. coromandelica Houtt. Merrill. have antibacterial activity against S. pyogens, S. aureus and antifungal property against C. albicans. Our findings corroborate the ethnobotanical use of L. coromandelica in traditional medicine system (Ayurveda) of India.


Kumar A.,National Institute of Ayurveda | Garai A.K.,Srm Government Ayurvedic College And Hospital
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine | Year: 2012

Context: Nutritional iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia in India. The nearest correlation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) can be made with Pandu Roga in Ayurveda. As the IDA is a very common prevalent disease in the society and the side effects of oral allopathic iron preparations are very common, therefore to get a better alternative, an Ayurvedic herbomineral medicine, the Trikatrayadi Lauha, was subjected to a clinical trial in children suffering from IDA. Aim: Evaluation of safety and efficacy of the compound Trikatrayadi Lauha suspension in children with IDA. Settings and Design: Randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical study. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 123 children of IDA for a period of 10 weeks. Clinical features and hematological parameters were documented before, during and after treatment. Statistical Analysis Used: Observations of the study were analyzed and findings were evaluated by using statistical methods (Student′s t test) Results: The present study shows that the trial drug Trikatrayadi Lauha suspension is effective to improve clinical features and hematological parameters significantly. The medicine is effective to increase the hemoglobin level 1.94 g/dL (8.52 -10.46 g/dL, P < 0.001) in 5 weeks and 3.33g/dL (8.52 -11.85g/dL, P < 0.001) in 10 weeks. No adverse effect of the trial drug was observed during the study. Conclusions: The results suggest that Trikatrayadi Lauha is significantly effective in the management of IDA in children.


Rakesh Narayanan V.,National Institute of Ayurveda
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India | Year: 2015

Introduction: The study of tracheo-bronchial branching pattern and formation of bronco pulmonary segments is of great importance in understanding lung anatomy and physiology. While teaching this subject to first year medical students, teachers often take help of atlases and digital images. Preparation of a cast of tracheo-bronchial airways would be of great help to make the students understand the three-dimensional branching and relation between various segments of lungs and thus to better understand pulmonary anatomy. Materials and methods: This article discusses a simple and very low cost method of preparation of bronco pulmonary airway cast by using LAPOX™ Epoxy resin and a goat lung which are comparatively cheaper and easily available methods. Results and conclusion: Many different methods and materials are described in textbooks for the preparation of tracheo-bronchial casts. This method can be employed in institutes where major funding for better advanced methods are unavailable or for students themselves as a method of self-study. © 2015 Anatomical Society of India.

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