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Berthouly-Salazar C.,Stellenbosch University | Thevenon S.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Van T.N.,National Institute of Animal Husbandry NIAH | Nguyen B.T.,National Institute of Animal Husbandry NIAH | And 3 more authors.
Ecology and Evolution | Year: 2012

The expansion of intensive livestock production systems in developing countries has increased the introduction of highly productive exotic breeds facilitating indiscriminate crossbreeding with local breeds. In this study, we set out to investigate the genetic status of the Vietnamese Black H'mong pig breed by evaluating (1) genetic diversity and (2) introgression from exotic breeds. Two exotic breeds, namely Landrace and Yorkshire used for crossbreeding, and the H'mong pig population from Ha Giang (HG) province were investigated using microsatellite markers. Within the province, three phenotypes were observed: a White, a Spotted and a Black phenotype. Genetic differentiation between phenotypes was low (0.5-6.1%). The White phenotypes showed intermediate admixture values between exotic breeds and the Black HG population (0.53), indicating a crossbreed status. Management practices were used to predict the rate of private diversity loss due to exotic gene introgressions. After 60 generations, 100% of Black private alleles will be lost. This loss is accelerated if the admixture rate is increased but can be slowed down if the mortality rate (e.g., recruitment rate) is decreased. Our study showed that a large number of markers are needed for accurately identifying hybrid classes for closely related populations. While our estimate of admixture still seems underestimated, genetic erosion can occur very fast even through indiscriminate crossbreeding. © 2012 The Authors.

Tachibana Y.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Giang N.T.T.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | Giang N.T.T.,National Institute of Animal Husbandry NIAH | Ninomiya F.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology | And 2 more authors.
Polymer Degradation and Stability | Year: 2010

We have evaluated the plasticizing effect of poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) and cellulose acetate butyrate (CAB). PBS and CAB were mixed with a melt-kneading machine. The tensile strength and strain at break in the case of the blend with 10% CAB in the PBS matrix were 547% and 35 MPa. It showed that CAB acted as a plasticizer for PBS. The biomass carbon ratio of the blends measured by accelerator mass spectrometry based on ASTM D6866 showed that the biomass carbon derived from a part of the CAB corresponded to the theoretical value of the polymer blend. The biodegradation of PBS with the CAB melt blend powders was evaluated by a microbial oxidative degradation analyzer under controlled compost conditions based on ISO 14855-2. PBS with 10% CAB was not degraded within 60 days due to the addition of CAB that could control the biodegradability of the PBS. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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