National Institute of Animal Health

Bangkok, Thailand

National Institute of Animal Health

Bangkok, Thailand
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Pomjunya A.,Kasetsart University | Ratthanophart J.,National Institute of Animal Health | Fungfuang W.,Kasetsart University
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science | Year: 2017

The present study investigated the effects of Vernonia cinerea (VC) on the reproductive function in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic male rats. Six-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: group 1, normal control rats; group 2, diabetic untreated rats; group 3, diabetic rats treated with VC (10 mg/kg); and group 4, diabetic rats treated with VC (40 mg/kg). Diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (60 mg/kg). All animals were treated for 30 consecutive days. Body weight, blood glucose, food intake, epididymal sperm parameters, testicular microstructure and serum testosterone levels were evaluated. VC treatment significantly restored the sperm motility and testosterone concentration, and decreased the testicular histopathological changes in DM rats. Moreover, high-dose VC exhibited an antidibetic activity and significantly improved the sperm count. In conclusion, we found, for the first time, that administration of VC significantly restored the testicular function and testosterone concentration in diabetic male rats. © 2017 The Japanese Society of Veterinary Science.

Chirathaworn C.,University of Sfax | Inwattana R.,University of Sfax | Poovorawan Y.,University of Sfax | Suwancharoen D.,National Institute of Animal Health
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2014

Determination of antibody titer by microscopic agglutination test (MAT) has been used as a tool for leptospirosis diagnosis. Four fold or greater rise in antibody titers between acute and convalescent sera suggests recent Leptospira infection. In addition, results obtained by MAT have been used to predict infecting serovars. However, cross reactivity among various Leptospira serovars have been reported when patient sera were tested with a battery of Leptospira serovars. This study demonstrates cross- reactivity among several Leptospira serovars when MAT was performed on leptospirosis sera. The data support a role of MAT as a tool for diagnosis. However, for information on infecting serovars, Leptospira isolation and molecular identification should be performed. © 2014 by the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine.

PubMed | Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute of Animal Health, Ministry of Public Health, National Institute of Health and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene | Year: 2017

Little is known about the burden of Q fever in Thailand. We conducted a serological study to describe the prevalence of anti-Coxiella burnetii antibodies among ruminants and occupationally exposed persons in response to the report of the first two Q fever endocarditis patients in Thailand in 2012. We randomly selected ruminant sera from brucellosis surveillance and examined sera of 661 occupationally exposed subjects from two provinces of Thailand: Chiangmai and Nakornratchasima. Animal and human sera were tested using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Environmental samples, vaginal swab, and milk from cows in Chiangmai farms with detectable anti-C. burnetii serum antibodies were tested using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Among the 1,632 animal sera tested, 64 (3.9%) were seropositive. The prevalence was highest in dairy cattle (4.6%, 45/988), followed by goats (3.5%, 18/516) and sheep (2.1%, 1/48). The prevalence of anti-C. burnetii antibodies in each species varied significantly by province: the prevalence in cattle was higher in Chiangmai (5.5% versus 0%), however, the prevalence in sheep and goats was higher in Nakornratchasima (5.9% versus 1.0%). Four out of 60 milk samples were positive by PCR (6.7%). No environmental samples were positive. Among 661 human samples, 83 (12.6%) were ELISA positive. Seroprevalence was statistically higher in Chiangmai compare with Nakornratchasima (42.8% versus 3.0%). Coxiella burnetii infection exists in Thailand, but the prevalence varies by geographic distribution and animal reservoirs. Further studies focusing on the burden and risk factors of C.burnetii infection among high-risk groups should be conducted.

PubMed | Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology and National Institute of Animal Health
Type: Review | Journal: Veterinary world | Year: 2017

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based biosensors are the most advanced and developed optical label-free biosensor technique used for powerful detection with vast applications in environmental protection, biotechnology, medical diagnostics, drug screening, food safety, and security as well in livestock sector. The livestock sector which contributes the largest economy of India, harbors many bacterial, viral, and fungal diseases impacting a great loss to the production and productive potential which is a major concern in both small and large ruminants. Hence, an accurate, sensitive, and rapid diagnosis is required for prevention of these above-mentioned diseases. SPR based biosensor assay may fulfill the above characteristics which lead to a greater platform for rapid diagnosis of different livestock diseases. Hence, this review may give a detail idea about the principle, recent development of SPR based biosensor techniques and its application in livestock sector.

Suwancharoen D.,National Institute of Animal Health | Chaisakdanugull Y.,Bureau of Disease Control and Veterinary Services | Thanapongtharm W.,Bureau of Disease Control and Veterinary Services | Yoshida S.,Kyushu University
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2013

SUMMARY A cross-sectional serological survey was conducted during January to August 2001 to determine the seroprevalence of Leptospira serovars in five species of livestock in Thailand and to identify associations between seropositivity and sex, age, species and geographical locations. Sera from 14188 livestock (9288 cattle, 1376 buffaloes, 1898 pigs, 1110 sheep, 516 goats) from 36 provinces were tested for antibodies against 24 Leptospira serovars with the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) for which the criterion for a positive result was set at a titre of â©1:50. A total of 1635 [11·5%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 11·0-12·0] animals were seropositive and the highest prevalence (30·4%, 95% CI 28·2-32·5) of evidence of infection was recorded in the northeast region followed by the central region (22·2%, 95% CI 20-24·6). Seroprevalences recorded for cattle, buffaloes, pigs, sheep and goats were 9·9% (95% CI 9·3-10·5), 30·5% (95% CI 28·1-32·9), 10·8% (95% CI 9·5-12·3), 4·7% (95% CI 3·6-6·1) and 7·9% (95% CI 5·8-10·5), respectively. Buffaloes were 3·1 (95% CI 2·8-3·4) times more likely than cattle to be seropositive. The most commonly detected antibodies were against L. interrogans serovars Ranarum, Sejroe, and Mini in cattle, Mini, Sejroe, and Bratislava in buffaloes, Ranarum, Pomona, and Bratislava in pigs and Mini, Shermani, and Ranarum in sheep and goats. Seroprevalences in cattle and buffaloes trended upwards with increasing age and there was no difference in the risk of seropositivity between males and females. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013.

Suwancharoen D.,National Institute of Animal Health | Kulchim C.,National Institute of Animal Health | Chirathaworn C.,Chulalongkorn University | Yoshida S.,Kyushu University
Journal of Microbiological Methods | Year: 2012

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) has been used for the detection of leptospiral 16S rDNA. Here we report the development of the LAMP method for leptospiral 16S rDNA detection which can be interpreted easily within 90. min by visualizing the fluorescence of calcein. The lower limit of detection (LLOD) is 10-100 copies. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Chukiatsiri K.,Chulalongkorn University | Sasipreeyajan J.,Chulalongkorn University | Blackall P.J.,University of Queensland | Yuwatanichsampan S.,National Institute of Animal Health | Chansiripornchai N.,Chulalongkorn University
Avian Diseases | Year: 2012

Avibacterium paragallinarum causes infectious coryza in chickens, an acute respiratory disease that has worldwide economic significance. The objectives of this study were to determine the serovars, antimicrobial resistance, and pathogenicity of A. paragallinarum isolated from chickens in Thailand. Eighteen field isolates of A. paragallinarum were confirmed by PCR. When examined by serotyping in a hemagglutination inhibition test, 10 isolates were serovar A, five isolates were serovar B, and three isolates were serovar C. The susceptibility of the isolates to 16 antimicrobial agents was tested by a disk diffusion method. All isolates were susceptible to amoxicillinclavulanic acid. There was a high level of resistance to lincomycin and erythromycin. All isolates were resistant to cloxacillin and neomycin. A study of bacterial entry into, and survival within, chicken macrophages showed variation between isolates but no clear connection to serovar. A virulence test was performed by challenging 4-wk-old layers via the nasal route with 400 l of bacteria (10 8 colony-forming units/ml). Clinical signs were observed daily for 7 days, and the birds were subjected to a postmortem necropsy at 7 days postchallenge. All 18 field isolates caused the typical clinical signs of infectious coryza and could be re-isolated at 7 days after challenge. There was no significant difference in the clinical scores of the isolates except that two isolates (112179 and 102984, serovars A and B, respectively) gave a significantly higher score than did isolate CMU1009 (a serovar A isolate). No correlation between serovar and severity of clinical signs was found. © American Association of Avian Pathologists.

Chirathaworn C.,Chulalongkorn University | Chantaramalai T.,Chulalongkorn University | Sereemaspun A.,Chulalongkorn University | Kongthong N.,Chulalongkorn University | Suwancharoen D.,National Institute of Animal Health
Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

Serological assays for antibody detection have been widely used for Leptospirosis diagnosis. However, antibody is usually undetectable during the first week after infection. Detection of Leptospira DNA can be done by PCR but this technique requires special equipments and the cost is still relatively high. Here we demonstrate that gold nanoparticles can be used to facilitate Leptospira detection. Gold nanoparticles were coated with rabbit antibody specific to Leptospira interrogans serovar Bratislava and these coated particles were used to detect Leptospira in urine. Agglutination of gold particles indicated the presence of Leptospira in samples tested. The sensitivity of detection was 10 leptospires/ml. No agglutination was observed when anti-Leptospira-coated particles were tested with urine containing the organisms commonly found in urine such as Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis. This assay is very easy to perform and results could be observed with the naked eyes. Fresh or frozen urine samples could be used. The stability of antibody-coated particles was at least 2 months when kept at 4 °C. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the technique using antibody-coated gold nanoparticles is a promising tool for further validation as a rapid assay for Leptospirosis diagnosis. © 2009.

Vitta A.,Naresuan University | polseela R.,Naresuan University | Nateeworanart S.,Naresuan University | Tattiyapong M.,National Institute of Animal Health
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2011

Objective: To survey the Angiostrongylus cantonensis (A. cantonensis) or the rat lungworm in a rat, definitive host, and in a giant African land snail (Achatina fulica), the intermediate host, in Phitsanulok, Thailand. Methods: Rats and giant African land snails were captured from Tha Pho sub-district, Phitsanulok, Thailand. Rats were killed and examined for adult A. cantonensis. The artificial digestion method following Baermann technique were used for isolation third stage larvae of A. cantonensis. Results: Sixty-two rats were captured and they were identified as Rattus argentiventer, Rattus rattus (R. rattus), Bandicota savilei, and Bandicota indica but only one animal (R. rattus) of 62 rats (1.61%) was positive with adult worm of A. cantonensis. The third stage larvae of A. cantonensis were examined on 307 Angiostrongylus fulica snails. It was found that the overall infection rate was 12.38% (38 infected out of 307 Achatina snails). Conclusions: This study demonstrates that A. cantonensis is available in the natural hosts of Phitsanulok. This suggests that the transmissions of this parasite to human may occur in this region. © 2011 Hainan Medical College.

PubMed | National Institute of Animal Health, Veterinary Research and Development Center Upper Northern Region and University of Montréal
Type: Journal Article | Journal: BMC research notes | Year: 2017

Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is an important swine and human pathogen. There are 33 serotypes that have been described. Zoonotic cases are very common the Northern part of Thailand, especially in Phayao Province. However, the prevalence of S. suis and, more particularly the different serotypes, in pigs in this region is poorly known and needed to be addressed.Distribution of S. suis serotypes varies depending on the geographical area. Knowledge of the serotype distribution is important for epidemiological studies. Consequently, 180 tonsil samples from slaughterhouse pigs in Phayao Province had been collected for surveillance, from which 196 S. suis isolates were recovered. Each isolate was subcultured and its serotype identified using multiplex PCR. Slide agglutination combined with precipitation tests were used following multiplex PCR to differentiate the isolates showing similar sizes of amplified products specific to either serotype 1 or 14 and 2 or 1/2. Non-typable isolates by multiplex PCR were serotyped by the coagglutination test.Of the 196 isolates, 123 (62.8%) were typable and 73 (37.2%) were non-typable. This study revealed the presence of serotypes 1, 1/2, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 29, and 30. Serotype 23 was the most prevalent (20/196, 10.2%), followed by serotype 9 (16/196, 8.2%), serotype 7 (16/196, 8.2%), and serotype 2 (11/196, 5.6%). The latter is the serotype responsible for most human cases.Almost all serotypes previously described are present in Northern Thailand. Therefore, this report provides useful data for future bacteriological studies.

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