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Noda H.,National Institute of Agrobiololgical science | Noda H.,University of Tokyo | Watanabe K.,National Institute of Agrobiololgical science | Kawai S.,National Institute of Agrobiololgical science | And 7 more authors.
Applied Entomology and Zoology | Year: 2012

The green rice leafhopper Nephotettix cincticeps (Uhler) is a commonly distributed pest of rice in East Asia. Early histological studies describe the presence of two bacteriome-associated symbionts and a rickettsial microorganism in N. cincticeps, but their microbiological affiliations have been elusive. We identified these bacterial symbionts using modern microbiological techniques. Cloning and sequencing of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene from dissected bacteriomes yielded two major and a minor bacterial sequences: a major sequence was placed in the Bacteroidetes clade of Sulcia muelleri, an ancient symbiont lineage associated with diverse hemipteran insects; another major sequence was allied to a β-proteobacterial sequence from a leafhopper Matsumuratettix hiroglyphicus; the minor sequence fell in the α-proteobacterial genus Rickettsia. In situ hybridization and transmission electron microscopy showed that the Sulcia symbiont and the β-proteobacterial symbiont are harbored within different types of bacteriocytes that constitute the outer and inner regions of the bacteriome, respectively. Oral administration of tetracycline to nymphal N. cincticeps resulted in retarded growth, high mortality rates, and failure in adult emergence, suggesting important biological roles of the symbionts for the host insect. The designation Candidatus Nasuia deltocephalinicola is proposed for the β-proteobacterial symbiont clade associated with N. cincticeps and allied leafhoppers of the subfamily Deltocephalinae. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology.

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