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Orsini S.,Italian National Institute of Agricultural Economics INEA | Orsini S.,University of Pisa
Geografisk Tidsskrift | Year: 2013

After the Second World War, modern agriculture and urbanisation have contributed to the vanishing of many traditional landscapes. Over the last years, agricultural restructuring, changes in farms' structure and crisis in modern agriculture have led to an increasingly diverse set of relationships between land management and land ownership. This is especially true in peri-urban areas, where farmlands are often converted from commercially driven agriculture to various and highly dynamic land uses. This paper presents a micro-sociological study carried out in a municipality close to Pisa, where two types of landscape coexist: an urbanised lowland including areas of mechanised agriculture and a hilly area preserving traditional Mediterranean elements - such as terraces and ancient wine caves - which was abandoned during the rural outmigration and is currently being restored and managed by hobby farmers. Unlike lowland landowners, hobby farmers frame their "dwelling" on moral discourses and see the upland as a cultural heritage rather than as a personal ownership of productive units of land. Drawing on qualitative interviews and other sources of evidence, this paper analyses the landowners' motivations and practices in the two areas and explores some of the implications of this landscape polarisation within the municipality borders for landscape management and planning. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

De Filippis F.,Third University of Rome | Henke R.,Italian National Institute of Agricultural Economics INEA | Salvatici L.,Third University of Rome | Sardone R.,Italian National Institute of Agricultural Economics INEA
European Review of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2013

The review of the European Union (EU) budget and the Common Agricultural Policy reform are tightly connected issues influencing each other. We assume that the outcomes will be influenced by their impact on the net balances of Member States (MSs), and use isobudget and isobalance functions to analyse different hypotheses about the EU budget expenditure. These functions are key in understanding substitutability or complementarity between agricultural and other expenditures and shed some light on the positions of the MSs in favour or against possible reform proposals. © 2013 Oxford University Press and Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics. All rights reserved.

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