National Institute for Tuberculosis

Slovakia

National Institute for Tuberculosis

Slovakia

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Tichopad A.,R.Ø.S.A. | Roberts C.,Pfizer | Gembula I.,R.Ø.S.A. | Hajek P.,Pfizer | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

We estimate and describe the incidence rates, mortality, and cost of CAP (community-acquired pneumonia), in both inpatient and outpatient settings, in the Czech Republic (CZ), Slovakia (SK), Poland (PL), and Hungary (HU). A retrospective analysis was conducted on administrative data from the health ministry and insurance reimbursement claims with a primary diagnosis of pneumonia in 2009 to determine hospitalization rates, costs, and mortality in adults ≥50 years of age. Patient chart reviews were conducted to estimate the number of outpatient cases. Among all adults ≥50 years, the incidence of hospitalized CAP per 100,000 person years was: 456.6 (CZ), 504.6 (SK), 363.9 (PL), and 845.3 (HU). The average fatality rate for all adults ≥50 is 19.1%, and for each country; 21.7% (CZ), 20.9% (SK), 18.6% (PL), 17.8% (HU). Incidence, fatality, and likelihood of hospitalization increased with advancing age. Total healthcare costs of CAP in EUR was 12,579,543 (CZ); 9,160,774 (SK); 22,409,085 (PL); and 18,298,449 (HU); with hospitalization representing over 90% of the direct costs of treatment. The burden of CAP increases with advancing age in four CEE countries, with hospitalizations driving the costs of CAP upwards in the elderly population. Mortality rates are generally higher than reported in Western EU countries. © 2013 Tichopad et al.


Bothamley G.H.,University of London | Ehlers C.,Center for Research Borstel | Salonka I.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Pulmonology and TB | Skrahina A.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Pulmonology and TB | And 11 more authors.
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth | Year: 2016

Background: Objectives: To determine whether the incidence of tuberculosis with pregnancy is more common than would be expected from the crude birth rate; to see whether there is significant delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis during pregnancy. Method: Design: A cross-sectional survey. Setting: 13 tuberculosis clinics within different European countries and the USA. Population/sample: All patients with tuberculosis seen at these clinics for a period > 1 year. Instrument: Questionnaire survey based on continuous data collection. Main outcome measures: number and proportion of women with tuberculosis who were pregnant; timing of diagnosis in relation to pregnancy, including those who were pregnant or delivered in the 3 months prior to the diagnosis of TB and those who developed TB within 3 months after delivery. Results: Pregnancy occurred in 224 (1.5 %) of 15,217 TB patients and followed the expected rate predicted from the crude birth rate for the clinic populations. TB was diagnosed more commonly in the 3 months after delivery (n = 103) than during pregnancy (n = 68; χ 2 = 25.1, P < 0.001). Conclusions: TB is diagnosed more frequently after delivery, despite variations in local TB incidence and healthcare systems. © 2016 The Author(s).


PubMed | National Institute for Tuberculosis, Center for Research Borstel, Agencia de Salut Publica de Barcelona, Hospitalario Universitario Of Pontevedra and 9 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: BMC pregnancy and childbirth | Year: 2016

Objectives: To determine whether the incidence of tuberculosis with pregnancy is more common than would be expected from the crude birth rate; to see whether there is significant delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis during pregnancy.Design: A cross-sectional survey.13 tuberculosis clinics within different European countries and the USA.All patients with tuberculosis seen at these clinics for a period>1year.Questionnaire survey based on continuous data collection.number and proportion of women with tuberculosis who were pregnant; timing of diagnosis in relation to pregnancy, including those who were pregnant or delivered in the 3months prior to the diagnosis of TB and those who developed TB within 3months after delivery.Pregnancy occurred in 224 (1.5%) of 15,217TB patients and followed the expected rate predicted from the crude birth rate for the clinic populations. TB was diagnosed more commonly in the 3months after delivery (n=103) than during pregnancy (n=68; TB is diagnosed more frequently after delivery, despite variations in local TB incidence and healthcare systems.


Rybarova S.,University of P.J. Šafarik | Hodorova I.,University of P.J. Šafarik | Muri J.,National Institute for Tuberculosis | Mihalik J.,University of P.J. Šafarik | And 4 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2011

Objectives. p53 and XRCC1 protein expression were evaluated in 54 samples of nonsmall cell lung cancer. Patients andmethods. The immunohistochemical method was used for detection of the monitored proteins. Tissue samples were divided according to histopathological tumor type. The results were then compared with basic clinical and histopathological parameters (histopathological type, nuclear grade and TNM tumor stage IA, IB). Results. Statistically significant correlations were found between histopathological type and p53 expression, since P <0.05 (P = 0.015). Comparing p53 expression with grade resulted in a strong positive correlation (P <0.0396, R2 = 0.9223). The percentage of p53-positive tumors progressively increased from 0% in grade 1 to 75% in grade 4. No correlation was found between p53 expression and tumor stage. In case of XRCC1, the highest level was found in squamous cell lung carcinoma, where 71% of samples was positive. In case of large cell carcinoma samples, it was 67%, and in adenocarcinoma 52% of samples showed XRCC1 immunoreactivity. No statistically significant correlation was found between histopathological type, grade or early stage (IA, IB) of non-small cell lung cancer and expression of XRCC1 protein profile without neoadjuvant therapy. Conclusions. We found a statistically significant correlation between p53 expression and histopathological tumor type. It is possible that stabilized p53 protein plays an important role in the development of squamous and large cell carcinoma. Our findings also suggest that p53 expression cumulates with the dedifferentiation of cancer cells. It is possible that the expression of XRCC1 is not fixed and could be changed by the status of cancer cells and in relation to therapy. Relevant data about pre- versus post-chemotherapy and XRCC1 expression are needed to evaluate the influence of XRCC1 on drug resistance. Free full text available at www.tumorionline.it.


PubMed | Comenius University and National Institute for Tuberculosis
Type: | Journal: Advances in experimental medicine and biology | Year: 2016

Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are species other than those belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and do not cause leprosy. NTM are generally free-living organisms that are ubiquitous in the environment. There have been more than 140 NTM species identified to-date. They can cause a wide range of infections, with pulmonary infections being the most frequent (65-90%). There is growing evidence that the incidence of NTM lung diseases and associated hospitalizations are on the rise, mainly in regions with a low prevalence of tuberculosis. A crucial clinical problem remains the evaluation of NTM significance in relation to the disease, especially in regard to the colonization of the respiratory tract in patients with residual lesions after tuberculosis or bronchiectasis. Clinical and radiographic pictures of mycobacteriosis, as well as therapy, have often similarities to those of tuberculosis. The treatment regimen should be individualized. In addition to antituberculotics, antibiotics are used more frequently. The most common mycobacteria causing lung disease in Slovakia are Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium abscessus.


PubMed | Comenius University and National Institute for Tuberculosis
Type: | Journal: Advances in experimental medicine and biology | Year: 2016

Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are species other than those belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and do not cause leprosy. NTM are generally free-living organisms that are ubiquitous in the environment. There have been more than 140 NTM species identified to-date. They can cause a wide range of infections, with pulmonary infections being the most frequent (65-90%). There is growing evidence that the incidence of NTM lung diseases and associated hospitalizations are on the rise, mainly in regions with a low prevalence of tuberculosis. A crucial clinical problem remains the evaluation of NTM significance in relation to the disease, especially in regard to the colonization of the respiratory tract in patients with residual lesions after tuberculosis or bronchiectasis. Clinical and radiographic pictures of mycobacteriosis, as well as therapy, have often similarities to those of tuberculosis. The treatment regimen should be individualized. In addition to antituberculotics, antibiotics are used more frequently. The most common mycobacteria causing lung disease in Slovakia are Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium abscessus.


PubMed | Comenius University and National Institute for Tuberculosis
Type: | Journal: Advances in experimental medicine and biology | Year: 2016

Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are species other than those belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and do not cause leprosy. NTM are generally free-living organisms that are ubiquitous in the environment. There have been more than 140 NTM species identified to-date. They can cause a wide range of infections, with pulmonary infections being the most frequent (65-90%). There is growing evidence that the incidence of NTM lung diseases and associated hospitalizations are on the rise, mainly in regions with a low prevalence of tuberculosis. A crucial clinical problem remains the evaluation of NTM significance in relation to the disease, especially in regard to the colonization of the respiratory tract in patients with residual lesions after tuberculosis or bronchiectasis. Clinical and radiographic pictures of mycobacteriosis, as well as therapy, have often similarities to those of tuberculosis. The treatment regimen should be individualized. In addition to antituberculotics, antibiotics are used more frequently. The most common mycobacteria causing lung disease in Slovakia are Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium abscessus.

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